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Governance of Technology & the Internet

Networked technologies are complex, multi-layered, interdependent, and subject to multiple competing interests. Through original research and by creating connections between stakeholders, we work to build principles, methods, and tools for governing the common resource that is the Internet.

Projects 16

AGTech Forum

The AGTech Forum provides opportunities for collaborative engagement among state attorneys general, technology companies, academics, and other stakeholders about innovation,… More

AI: Global Governance and Inclusion

In a world challenged by growing domestic and international inequalities, policymakers face hard problems and difficult choices when dealing with AI systems. More

Digital Finance Initiative

A multitude of technical, legal, policy, and economic issues around digital currencies and blockchain technologies have emerged in recent years. More

Harmful Speech Online

The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is in the third year of a research, policy analysis, and network building effort devoted to the study of harmful speech, in close… More

Internet Governance

A multi-disciplinary, collaborative, and extended investigation into the multi-layered system that defines the function, structure, and operation of the Internet.  More


In early June 2012, Urs Gasser and John Palfrey released Interoperability: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems. The book is inspired by their 2005 study and… More


Lumen collects and studies online content removal requests, providing transparency and supporting analysis of the Web’s takedown “ecology." More


ProjectVRM seeks to improve markets by equipping customers with tools for both independence from vendors and better engagement with vendors. More

Network of Interdisciplinary Internet & Society Research Centers

A collaborative initiative focused on interdisciplinary research on the development, social impact, policy implications, and legal issues concerning the Internet. More

Cloud Computing

Led by Executive Director and Harvard Law School Professor of Practice, Urs Gasser, the Berkman Center's cloud computing initiative seeks to identify and evaluate the challenges… More

eInnovation and ICT Interoperability

This project aims to achieve a better understanding of interoperability—that is, the ability of entities such as software, devices, or components to exchange information—in the… More

Input to ICANN Accountability and Transparency Review Process

The Berkman Center conducted an independent, exploratory study analyzing ICANN’s decision-making processes and communications with stakeholders. More

Internet Safety Technical Task Force

The Internet Safety Technical Task Force (ISTTF) is a group of Internet businesses, non-profit organizations, academics, and technology companies that have joined together to… More

Net Dialogue

The Net Dialogue project strives to encourage greater public access to Net-related rulemaking by intergovernmental organizations, and to engage technologists and policymakers in… More

Open ePolicy Group

We formed the Open ePolicy Group in February 2005 with members from every region of the world to share insights from governments, companies and organizations at the forefront of… More

Open Governance/ICANN

The centerpiece of the Berkman Center's early research on Internet governance was the Center's work with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers... More

Publications 41

Monday, Nov 20, 2017

A Layered Model for AI Governance

​AI-based systems are “black boxes,” resulting in massive information asymmetries between the developers of such systems and consumers and policymakers. More

Thursday, Nov 9, 2017

An Open Letter to the Members of the Massachusetts Legislature Regarding the Adoption of Actuarial Risk Assessment Tools in the Criminal Justice System

This open letter — signed by Harvard and MIT-based faculty, staff, and researchers— is directed to the Massachusetts Legislature to inform its consideration of risk assessment… More

Monday, Aug 14, 2017

Perspectives on Harmful Speech Online

This collection of short essays and opinion pieces on harmful speech online covers a broad spectrum of thought and ideas from the Berkman Klein community. More

Tuesday, Jun 6, 2017

Children’s Rights and Digital Technologies:

Introduction to the Discourse and Some Meta-Observations

An introduction to the relatively nascent, but quickly evolving children’s digital rights discourse More

Wednesday, Mar 22, 2017

Organization & Structure of Open Source Software Development Initiatives

Challenges & Opportunities Concerning Corporate Formation, Nonprofit Status, & Governance for Open Source Projects

A collection of case studies and organizational models for those who manage and participate in open source development initiatives. More

Thursday, Dec 8, 2016

Defining Hate Speech

This essay seeks to review some of the various attempts to define hate speech, and pull from them a series of traits that can be used to frame hate speech with a higher degree of… More

Thursday, Dec 8, 2016

Grassroots Perspectives on Hate Speech, Race, and Inequality in Brazil and Colombia

Through interviews with leaders of civil society organizations (CSOs) and a review of existing literature, this study discusses efforts and interventions that CSOs have employed… More

Thursday, Dec 8, 2016

Preliminary Findings on Online Hate Speech and the Law in India

This briefing paper outlines preliminary issues that we noted while conducting a detailed study of hate speech laws in India. It teases out some of the major concerns that arise… More

Thursday, Dec 8, 2016

Understanding Harmful Speech Online

This paper offers reflections and observations on the state of research related to harmful speech online. More

Thursday, Sep 15, 2016

Hammering Square Pegs into Round Holes

The Geographical Scope of Application of the EU Right to be Delisted

In this paper, Michel Reymond explores the extraterritorial effects of the Google Spain decision rendered in May 2014 by the European Court of Justice. Through a methodology… More

Thursday, Mar 31, 2016

The Transparency Reporting Toolkit:

Best Practices for Reporting on U.S. Government Requests for User Information

The Transparency Reporting Toolkit is a project by the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and New America’s Open Technology Institute (OTI). Using… More

Tuesday, Feb 16, 2016

Cloudy with a Conflict of Laws

How Cloud Computing Has Disrupted the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty System and Why It Matters

This paper describes how the fractal complexity of cloud computing’s physical geography has fractured the system of Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs) that arose during the… More

Monday, Nov 9, 2015

Towards Digital Constitutionalism? Mapping Attempts to Craft an Internet Bill of Rights

The idea of an “Internet Bill of Rights” is by no means a new one: in fact, serious efforts to draft such a document can be traced at least as far back as the mid-1990s. In this… More

Monday, Aug 10, 2015

Designing Successful Governance Groups

Lessons for Leaders from Real-World Examples

The Berkman Center for Internet & Society, together with the Global Network of Internet and Society Research Centers (NoC), is pleased to announce the release of a new publication… More

Monday, Jul 6, 2015

Interoperability in the Digital Ecosystem

The Berkman Center is pleased to announce the publication of a new paper, "Interoperability in the Digital Ecosystem." The paper builds upon our previous interoperability work,… More

Wednesday, Feb 18, 2015

Governance of Online Intermediaries: Observations From a Series of National Case Studies

This project examines the rapidly changing landscape of online intermediary liability at the intersection of law, technology, norms, and markets, and is aimed at informing and… More

Thursday, Jan 15, 2015

Multistakeholder as Governance Groups: Observations from Case Studies

The project explores existing multistakeholder governance groups with the goal of informing the future evolution of the Internet governance ecosystem. The research effort… More

Monday, Mar 17, 2014

Governments and Cloud Computing: Roles, Approaches, and Policy Considerations

In this paper, Urs Gasser and David O'Brien synthesize findings from a multi-year cloud computing research initiative led by the Berkman Center in close collaboration with the… More

Monday, Mar 17, 2014

Cloud Innovation and the Law: Issues, Approaches, and Interplay

“Cloud Innovation and the Law: Issues, Approaches, and Interplay,” authored by Berkman Center Executive Director and Harvard Law School Professor of Practice Urs Gasser, draws… More

Thursday, Aug 15, 2013

Interoperability Case Study: From Crowdsourcing Potholes to Community Policing

Applying Interoperability Theory to Analyze the Expansion of “Open311”

Following the four primary applications of interoperability theory laid out by Palfrey and Gasser, this paper is organized into five Parts: (1) Part One introduces the topic; (2)… More

Sunday, Jun 23, 2013

Interoperability Case Study: The European Union as an Institutional Design for Legal Interoperability

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Thursday, Dec 13, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Wednesday, Sep 12, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: Mobile Phone Chargers

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Thursday, Aug 16, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: Cloud Computing

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser - Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Sunday, Jul 15, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: The Bar Code/UPC

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Sunday, Jul 8, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: The Smart Grid

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Tuesday, Jun 5, 2012

Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems

In Interop, technology experts John Palfrey and Urs Gasser explore the immense importance of interoperability—the standardization and integration of technology—and show how this… More

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Interoperability in Information Systems in the Furtherance of Trade

Urs Gasser and John Palfrey have continued to contribute to the World Trade Institute’s NCCR Trade Policy project with a particular focus on the interoperability as an enabler of… More

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Fostering Innovation and Trade in the Global Information Society: The Different Facets and Roles of Interoperability

Urs Gasser and John Palfrey have continued to contribute to the World Trade Institute’s NCCR Trade Policy project with a particular focus on the interoperability as an enabler of… More

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Mapping Cloud Interoperability in the Globalized Economy: Theory and Observation from Practice

Urs Gasser and John Palfrey have continued to contribute to the World Trade Institute’s NCCR Trade Policy project with a particular focus on the interoperability as an enabler of… More

Saturday, Mar 31, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: Internet of Things (IoT)

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Thursday, Mar 1, 2012

Interoperability Case Study: Intermodal Containers and Global Cargo Transport

This case study is part of an ongoing series developed in support of a larger text on interoperability by John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly… More

Thursday, Feb 23, 2012

Youth and Digital Media: From Credibility to Information Quality

Building upon a process- and context-oriented information quality framework, this paper seeks to map and explore what we know about the ways in which young users of age 18 and… More

Wednesday, Nov 3, 2010

Accountability and Transparency at ICANN: An Independent Review

In August 2010, selected faculty and researchers at the Berkman Center initiated an independent, exploratory study analyzing ICANN’s decision-making processes and communications… More

Tuesday, Jun 22, 2010

Sexting: Youth Practices and Legal Implications

This document addresses legal and practical issues related to the practice colloquially known as sexting. It was created by Harvard Law School’s Cyberlaw Clinic, based at the… More

Tuesday, Jun 15, 2010

Working Towards a Deeper Understanding of Digital Safety for Children and Young People in Developing Nations

An Exploratory Study by the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, in Collaboration with UNICEF

This paper's main objectives are: to raise awareness about issues related to digital safety for youth in developing nations; to provide a tentative map of these issues and give… More

Wednesday, Apr 28, 2010

How the COPPA, as Implemented, Is Misinterpreted by the Public: A Research Perspective

Statement to the United States Senate, Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Insurance of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Statement by danah boyd, Urs Gasser, and John Palfrey, urging consideration of the gap between the intentions of COPPA and how children and their parents perceive its… More

Monday, Apr 12, 2010

Youth, Privacy and Reputation (Literature Review)

The scope of this literature review is to map out what is currently understood about the intersections of youth, reputation, and privacy online, focusing on youth attitudes and… More

Wednesday, Feb 24, 2010

Response to FCC Notice of Inquiry 09-94 “Empowering Parents and Protecting Children in an Evolving Media Landscape”

The response synthesizes current research and data on the media practices of youth, focusing on three main areas -- 1) Risky Behaviors and Online Safety, 2) Privacy, Publicity and… More

Monday, Feb 15, 2010

Next Generation Connectivity

A review of broadband Internet transitions and policy from around the world

The FCC announced that the Berkman Center would conduct an independent expert review of existing literature and studies about broadband deployment and usage throughout the world… More

Wednesday, Jan 31, 2007

Interoperability In the New Digital Identity Infrastructure

This paper maps out multiple dimensions of interoperability in the emerging digital identity management infrastructure, with a view to promoting openness in this infrastructure… More

News 58

Harvard Law Today
Wednesday, Apr 10, 2019

The Law and the Digital World

The AGTech Forum at Harvard Law gives state attorneys general a place to learn about technological changes and strategize about how the law can keep up

Insight for Attorney Generals into privacy and emerging technologies More

Law 360
Monday, Feb 25, 2019

Tech Giants, Profs Push Justices To Take Google-Oracle Case

The Oracle - Google case. Setting legal norms and a global precedent for software copyrights and infringement.  More

Friday, Dec 14, 2018

Get to Know Berkman Klein Fellow Armando Guio-Espanol

a spotlight on one of our 2018-2019 BKC Fellows

How are we helping young people engage with new technologies? More

MIT Tech Review
Friday, Aug 24, 2018

The four ways that ex-internet idealists explain where it all went wrong

A long time ago, in the bad old days of the 2000s, debates about the internet were dominated by two great tribes: the Optimists and the Pessimists... More

Tuesday, Jul 24, 2018

Apply Now to Join Our Assembly Cohort in 2019!

At the Berkman Klein Center and MIT Media Lab. Applications are due Sunday, September 2, 2018!

Seeking technologists with diverse skill sets to confront the concrete and constantly emerging problems related to artificial intelligence and governance. Applications are due… More

Wednesday, Jul 11, 2018

Global Governance and Inclusion

Reframing the Global Debate Around AI

A look at lessons we’ve learned in our work as part of the Ethics and Governance of AI Initiative, More

Friday, Mar 30, 2018

How Facebook Can Better Fight Fake News: Make Money Off People Who Promote it

Leverage the aggregate insights of its own users to root out false or deceptive news, and then, remove the profit motive by charging publishers who try to promote it. More

Wednesday, Dec 20, 2017

Berkman Klein at IGF 2017

This week marks the 12th annual meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), a multistakeholder forum for policy dialogue on issues of Internet governance. More

Monday, Nov 27, 2017

Designing Artificial Intelligence to Explain Itself

A new working paper maps out critical starting points for thinking about explanation in AI systems.

As we integrate artificial intelligence deeper into our daily technologies, it becomes important to ask “why” not just of people, but of systems. More

Thursday, Oct 19, 2017

How Facebook Tries to Regulate Postings Made by Two Billion People

Berkman Klein Center hosts a day of conversation about reducing harmful speech online and hears from the Facebook executive in charge of platform moderation policies

The Berkman Klein Center community explores broader research questions and topics related to the challenges of keeping tabs on the daily social media interactions of hundreds of… More

Wednesday, Sep 6, 2017

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Ruling on Bail Instructive Re: Algorithms & Criminal Justice

Prof. Chris Bavitz notes how a recent Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling might impact the use of algorithms in criminal justice. More

Monday, Jul 10, 2017

The Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Fund Commits $7.6 Million to Support the Development of AI in the Public Interest

With the Berkman Klein Center and  MIT Media Lab as academic anchor institutions, the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Fund announced today funding for nine… More

Tuesday, Jun 20, 2017

Join Our 2018 AI Assembly Cohort!

At the Berkman Klein Center and MIT Media Lab

The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and the MIT Media Lab seek technologists with diverse skill sets to confront the concrete and constantly… More

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Autonomous Systems — Is it time for empirical research?

Urs Gasser asks: Is the emerging field of AI ethics and governance ready for empirical research? More

Tuesday, Jan 10, 2017

Berkman Klein Center and MIT Media Lab to Collaborate on the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence

Supported by the Knight Foundation, Omidyar Network, LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman, Hewlett Foundation, and more

Several foundations and funders today announced the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Fund, which will support interdisciplinary research to ensure that AI develops… More

Friday, Dec 9, 2016

New Publications Examine Harmful Speech Online

This collection of publications includes an assessment of the efforts of civil society organizations to address racist speech in Brazil and Colombia; a study of the legal… More

Wednesday, Jun 29, 2016

Review and Assessment of ICANN's CCWG Recommendations

The Berkman Center was asked by National Telecommunications & Information Administration of the United States Department of Commerce (NTIA) to serve on an independent expert panel… More

Monday, May 9, 2016

Computers Gone Wild: Impact and Implications of Developments in Artificial Intelligence on Society

A summary of the second “Computers Gone Wild: Impact and Implications of Developments in Artificial Intelligence on Society” workshop, which took place on February 19, 2016 at… More

Thursday, Apr 14, 2016

Cyberlaw Clinic and Lumen Project Reps Contribute to Section 512 Study

On April 1st, the Copyright Office closed the initial comment period for a public study undertaken to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act… More

Tuesday, Mar 8, 2016

Announcing the Winners of the Student Case Study Writing Competition on Innovative Multistakeholder Governance Groups

The winning contributions reflected a diversity of insights, ideas, and perspectives about unique examples of multistakeholder governance. Essays examined a wide range of… More

Sunday, Nov 8, 2015

Berkman at the Internet Governance Forum

The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is a multistakeholder forum for policy dialogue on issues of Internet governance. The Berkman Center and our colleagues from the Network of… More

Monday, Jun 1, 2015

Radio Berkman 217: Don't Hate the Player, Change the Game

In the latest podcast, we interview Jeffrey "Lyte" Lin, a neuroscientist and a game designer for Riot Games about how to tackle hate speech in online gaming. More

Wednesday, Feb 18, 2015

Liability of Online Intermediaries: New Study by the Global Network of Internet and Society Centers

The Global Network of Internet and Society Research Centers (NoC) and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University are pleased to announce the release of a new… More

Thursday, Jan 15, 2015

Multistakeholder as Governance Groups: New Study by Global Network of Internet and Society Centers

The Global Network of Internet and Society Research Centers (NoC) and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University are pleased to announce the release of a new… More

Tuesday, Mar 25, 2014

Cloud Computing Project Announces Two New Publications

The Berkman Center is pleased to announce two new publications on cloud computing, “Governments and Cloud Computing: Role, Approaches, and Policy Considerations” and “Cloud… More

Thursday, Jun 14, 2012

RB204: The Art and Science of Working Together

Friends of the show John Palfrey and Urs Gasser speak with David Weinberger about how Interoperability works, and how interoperable systems can lead to greater innovation, greater… More

Wednesday, Jun 6, 2012

Recap & Video from the Launch of "Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems"

Last Wednesday, we were proud to host the launch of John Palfrey and Urs Gasser's latest publication, Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems, along with… More

Friday, Oct 21, 2011

Digital Public Library of America and Europeana Announce Collaboration

Two major digital library networks have reached an agreement to collaborate in ways that will make a large part of the world’s cultural heritage available to a large part of the… More

Tuesday, Feb 15, 2011

Questions for Secretary Clinton concerning "Internet freedom"

Faculty associate Matthew Hindman provoked an energetic email exchange among members of the extended Berkman Center community today, in anticipation of Secretary Clinton's … More

Wednesday, Feb 2, 2011

Final ICANN review materials published

This week the Berkman Center has published the research materials, resources, and other inputs that were gathered in the course of the production of its independent, exploratory… More

Thursday, Nov 4, 2010

“Accountability and Transparency at ICANN: An Independent Review”

The Berkman Center is pleased to announce that the final draft of its independent review of accountability and transparency at ICANN has been posted by the ICANN Accountability… More

Tuesday, Oct 5, 2010

Youth and media research update

The Berkman Center has recently organized all of its research efforts relating to young people and technology – including new work on youth in developing countries – under a… More

Wednesday, Aug 11, 2010

Berkman Center to Conduct Study to Assist ICANN’s Accountability and Transparency Review Process

The Berkman Center will conduct an independent, exploratory study analyzing ICANN’s decision-making processes and communications with stakeholders. The study will develop a… More

Friday, Jun 25, 2010

Risky Behaviors and Online Safety: draft literature review

What is known about online youth safety? danah boyd releases the Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative's DRAFT literature review on the topic -- for public comment and… More

Wednesday, Jun 23, 2010

"Sexting": legal and practical issues

The Berkman Center is pleased to share our Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative's latest document, which addresses legal and practical issues related to the practice… More

Friday, Jun 18, 2010

Four Essays Addressing Risky Behaviors and Online Safety

From danah boyd's blog: "...John Palfrey, Urs Gasser, and I have been co-directing the Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative to investigate the role that policy can play… More

Wednesday, Apr 21, 2010

(Futures) news, social science, Internet filtering (more)

Seven different pieces of writing and research from the Berkman Center community have appeared over the last seven days, from Ethan Zuckerman's essay in the latest issue of… More

Wednesday, Apr 14, 2010

Understanding youth, privacy and reputation

The Berkman Center is pleased to share our Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative's extensive literature review mapping out "what is currently understood about the… More

Wednesday, Feb 24, 2010

On "Empowering Parents and Protecting Children in an Evolving Media Landscape"

The Berkman Center is pleased to share the Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative's response to the FCC's Notice of Inquiry on "Empowering Parents and Protecting Children… More

Thursday, Oct 22, 2009

Exploring youth and media policy

new Berkman Center initiative underway

The first meeting of the Berkman Center's new Youth and Media Policy Working Group Initiative is being held today; experts from various fields are gathered to discuss privacy and… More

Thursday, Jul 16, 2009

ProjectVRM: Health Care vs. Risk Snare

Doc Searls for the ProjectVRM blog: "So I’m a guest on the latest TWiL (This Week in Law) podcast. Lots of VRM links at that link, below the topic, 'How modernization of health… More

Wednesday, Apr 1, 2009

Radio Berkman: YOU as the Future of Commerce

This week on Radio Berkman: Doc Searls discusses Vendor Relationship Management (VRM)... More

Friday, Mar 6, 2009

Debating CDA 230

An exchange between John Palfrey and Adam Thierer concerning tweaking Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act was published today in Ars Technica... More

Wednesday, Feb 4, 2009

Welcome, Urs Gasser!

As the spring semester begins, we are delighted to officially welcome Professor of Law at the University of St. Gallen Dr. Urs Gasser into his new role as Berkman’s Executive… More

Friday, Jan 9, 2009

PRX Launches the Public Radio Tuner iPhone App

Our friends over at the Public Radio Exchange are making it easier for you to access public radio everywhere you go. More

Wednesday, Oct 29, 2008

Global Network Initiative launches

Berkman is pleased to announce the launch of the Global Network Initiative, a dynamic effort developed in partnership with leading human rights groups, academics, socially… More

Friday, Aug 29, 2008

New opportunities with Berkman Center friends

The UC Berkeley School of Law is seeking a clinical professor to serve as the director of the Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic. And Stanford Law School has… More

Thursday, Jul 17, 2008

"Markets under reconstruction"

Doc Searls reports on Monday and Tuesday's first-ever VRM workshop... More

Tuesday, Apr 29, 2008

VRM 2008 - European Identity Conference

Last week, Berkman Fellow Doc Searls delivered the keynote -- virtually -- at the VRM 2008 conference in Munich. And ProjectVRM won a special prize... More

Wednesday, Jan 9, 2008

European DRM Debate Heating Up

On Jan. More

Friday, Nov 16, 2007

Research Release on Interoperability

This week the Berkman Center and the Research Center for Information Law, St. More

Friday, Jun 29, 2007

Second Berkman/St. Gallen Workshop on ICT Interoperability

From Berkman Fellow Urs Gasser...[Earlier this week], I had the pleasure to co-moderate with my colleagues and friends Prof. More

Friday, Jan 26, 2007

Interop and Innovation

Last week, as part of the project on Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Interoperability, a field of experts gathered in Weissbaden, Switzerland for a workshop hosted… More

Wednesday, Nov 8, 2006

Urs Gasser speaks before the FTC on Interoperability

Berkman fellow Urs Gasser spoke at today's Federal Trade Commission's hearings on Protecting Consumers in the Next Tech-ade. Speaking as the event's "European voice," Urs… More

Thursday, Nov 2, 2006

Dynamic Coalition on Privacy launched at UN Internet Meeting in Athens*Press Release / IGF outcome on Privacy Protection*

At the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), a UN conference on future internet public policy taking place in Athens this week, a diverse group of stakeholders has agreed to launch a… More

Friday, Jun 23, 2006

Digital Rights Management in France

Referring to the DADVSI bill amending the French copyright act, BBC reports that “Apple gets French iTunes reprieve.” One of many previous versions of the bill had ruled that… More

Friday, Oct 28, 2005

MA and "Open Standards and Interoperability"

Yesterday, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society hosted a two-hour discussion session on Open Standards and Interoperability.  Our discussion was meant to be an extension of… More

Friday, Sep 9, 2005

Berkman Center Outlines Roadmap for Future Innovation: Open Standards Drive Efficiency, Growth and Innovation

Cambridge, MA – Today, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School will release “The Roadmap for Open Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)… More

Community 59

The Boston Globe

So There Are People Behind Alexa’s Curtain. Will Anyone Care?

Making smart speakers and technologies smarter, but what about privacy?

Thursday, Apr 11, 2019

The Government’s Computer Fraud and Abuse Act Case Against Assange

Assange is accused of conspiring to violate the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. Proving that may be tricky.

Charges against Assange and implications for journalism

Thursday, Apr 11, 2019
Tech Empire

The Quantified Worker and Worker Surveillance

Impacts of new tech in the workplace

Tuesday, Apr 9, 2019
MIT Press

The Smart Enough City

Putting Technology in Its Place to Reclaim Our Urban Future

Taking an exclusively technical view of urban life will lead to cities that appear smart but under the surface are rife with injustice and inequality

Tuesday, Apr 9, 2019
BKC Medium

Thoughts on personal data vs non-personal data

How the government, or regulators, can start thinking about privacy and the data economy

Thursday, Apr 4, 2019
The New York Times

Australia Passes Law to Punish Social Media Companies for Violent Posts

Australia asks social media platforms to take responsibility

Wednesday, Apr 3, 2019
Digital Initiative at the Harvard Kennedy School

Can Data Become Part of a Development Strategy?

Data should become an enabler of new models of cooperative growth

Tuesday, Apr 2, 2019

How to make Industry 4.0 work for Europe

On the consequences of ‘new manufacturing’ for European industrial policymaking

Tuesday, Apr 2, 2019
the Hill

AirDrop used for sexual harassment on public transit

An unsolicited picture shared over Apple's AirDrop leads to questions over how the technology is governed.

Saturday, Mar 30, 2019
The Cyberlaw Clinic

Clinic Files Amicus Brief Arguing for Broader Access to Government Databases Through FOIA

Providing aggregate data access to media professionals

Friday, Mar 29, 2019
The Hill

Nunes Faces Tough Odds with Twitter Lawsuit

A Twitter lawsuit and protected forms of speech

Saturday, Mar 23, 2019

The Ability to Say NO On the Internet

A feminist approach to consent in digital technologies

Feminist research and bridging conversations about consent

Friday, Mar 8, 2019
The Guardian

Anti-vaxx 'mobs': doctors face harassment campaigns on Facebook

Medical experts who counter misinformation are weathering coordinated attacks. Now some are fighting back

Facebook's stance on anti-vaccine misinformation, and what public health experts have to say about it.

Wednesday, Mar 6, 2019
The Commons

What might someone else do in five years, when they’re sitting in your chair?

Stopping to think about the ethics and unintended consequences of new technology.

Wednesday, Mar 6, 2019

How Amazon's Algorithms Curated a Dystopian Bookstore

Amazon and the spread of health misinformation.

Tuesday, Mar 5, 2019

Digital rights are *all* human rights, not just civil and political

The UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights consults with the field

Bringing into focus the impact that new technologies can have on socio-economic, civil and political rights

Wednesday, Feb 27, 2019
Carnegie Reporter

Secure the Vote

Assessing the integrity, safety, and security of the vote -- the most important element of a truly democratic government

Tuesday, Feb 19, 2019

Are Data Dividends Really a Good Idea?

Christine Borgman comments on the feasibility of California's "data dividends" proposal

Thursday, Feb 14, 2019

The Tech Industry is Hijacking School Data. But Decentralized Systems Can Change That.

When it comes to children’s school data we should ask who controls it, what is it worth and how will it impact their lives.

Wednesday, Feb 13, 2019

There's No Good Reason to Trust Blockchain Technology

"The circumvention of trust is a great promise, but it’s just not true. Yes, bitcoin eliminates certain trusted intermediaries that are inherent in other payment systems like…

Wednesday, Feb 6, 2019

Several countries turn off the internet when discontent smolders

An increasing number of countries are preventing citizens from reporting censurable conditions.

Tuesday, Feb 5, 2019
Working Paper

A User-Focused Transdisciplinary Research Agenda for AI-Enabled Health Tech Governance

A research agenda for stakeholders to proactively collaborate and design AI technologies that work with users to improve their health and wellbeing

Monday, Feb 4, 2019
Harvard Law Today

Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics

Faculty Books in Brief

"We are in the early stages of the health care system’s encounter with big data, the editors write, with the benefits and perils uncertain."

Tuesday, Jan 29, 2019

African countries must work together for Good ID

Berkman Klein Fellow Titi Akinsanmi discusses how policy for digital ID could develop in 2019 and what she hopes to see globally and on the African continent.

Monday, Jan 28, 2019
ECT News Network

Dutch Doc Wins 'Forget My Suspension' Case

Google must remove search results about medical regulators' conditional suspension of a Dutch physician in the first "right to be forgotten" case of its kind in the European Union.

Wednesday, Jan 23, 2019
Bloomberg Law

Crypto Exchanges Left Hanging as Shutdown Sidelines CFTC

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s oversight of the fast-growing cryptocurrency market is on hiatus as the government shutdown lingers.

Tuesday, Jan 15, 2019
World Economic Forum

Dialogue Series on New Economic and Social Frontiers

Shaping the New Economy in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Questions are emerging regarding the adequacy of our current economic policies and practices, the social contract between citizens, businesses and governments and the metrics used…

Monday, Jan 14, 2019
New York Times

In High-Tech Cities, No More Potholes, but What About Privacy?

“We increasingly see every problem as a technology-related problem, so the solution is more technology”

Tuesday, Jan 1, 2019

In Suing Boston, AirBNB Argues It's Not Responsible For Illegal Listings

AirBnB may be exempt from a local ordinance regulating local short-term rentals by way of the Communications Decency Act

Monday, Dec 31, 2018
Just Security

2018 Was A Trying Year For Social Media Platforms–And Their Users

Three Pathways Forward

Data protection standards alone aren’t enough to make social media companies accountable

Thursday, Dec 27, 2018
Harvard Magazine

Harvard Portrait: Ruth Okediji

Ruth Okediji, Smith professor of law, traces her enthusiasm for intellectual-property law to a childhood love of literature and storytelling.

Friday, Dec 21, 2018

Law and Adversarial Machine Learning

A survey of existing legal remedies for attacks that have been demonstrated on machine learning systems, and suggests some potential areas of exploration for machine learning…

Thursday, Dec 20, 2018
Open Access Government

Distributed technologies to bootstrap the sharing economy

Professor Samer Hassan explores how blockchain has the potential to help sharing economy projects to overcome several challenges they face at infrastructure, governance and…

Thursday, Dec 20, 2018

Yes, Big Platforms Could Change Their Business Models

The few companies that control our digital public sphere—Facebook, Google, and Twitter—are all driven by the same fundamental business model, and it has only grown more pernicious…

Monday, Dec 17, 2018

Senators aim to give internet companies doctor-like duties to protect our data

A new bill would prevent tech companies from knowingly doing harm to their users.

Thursday, Dec 13, 2018
Global Development and Environment Institute

Industrial Policy 4.0

Promoting transformation in the digital economy

This paper makes a case for comprehensive digital industrial policies that are differentiated and rooted in the broader reality of development and globalization in the fourth…

Friday, Dec 7, 2018
Digital HKS

Can Blockchain Facilitate the Governance of Commons-oriented Communities?

A conversation with Berkman Klein Center Faculty Associate Samer Hassan

Hassan thinks of the blockchain within the context of how we use it to manage trust in large, decentralized communities.

Wednesday, Dec 5, 2018
Digital HKS

Big Data, Meager returns?

There is no easy fix to the asymmetries existing between developing and developed countries.

Wednesday, Nov 28, 2018
El Pais

The Leaders of the Big Technology Think Themselves Smarter than Others

Jonathan Zittrain says the chances that the Internet will be a engine for positivity are lower than they were ten years ago

Monday, Nov 12, 2018

We need stronger cybersecurity laws for the Internet of Things

Making Internet-connected devices more secure will require smarter regulations

Friday, Nov 9, 2018

Buying your First AI

or “Never Trust a Used Algorithm Salesman”

A skeptic's guide to the market for AI technologies, especially for government and policymakers

Wednesday, Nov 7, 2018
The Atlantic

We Tested Facebook’s Ad Screeners and Some Were Too Strict

Do big social media platforms have effective ad policies?

Friday, Nov 2, 2018

Law and Adversarial Machine Learning

When machine learning systems fail because of adversarial manipulation, how should society expect the law to respond?

Friday, Oct 26, 2018
CBC Spark

Restaurants have strict standards to protect customers. Tech platforms don't

Online tech platforms should become “information fiduciaries”

Friday, Oct 26, 2018
Cyberlaw Clinic

A Victory for Software Preservation

DMCA Exemption Granted for SPN

The HLS Cyberlaw Clinic helped receive an exemption to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act anti-circumvention provisions to allow libraries, archivists, museums, and other…

Friday, Oct 26, 2018
On Labor

State TNC and MC Legislation

Preemption and Employment Status of Drivers

“What was once a disruptive, ‘easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission’, type of business, have institutionalized its interests in state law."

Friday, Oct 19, 2018

Evolving Technology means Change to Legal Finance

On transformation in the financial services landscape due to globalizing and evolving technologies

Wednesday, Oct 17, 2018

The Black Mirror Writer's Room

Teaching Technology Ethics through Speculation

Teaching technologists to think critically about responsibility and ethics is one way to keep our lives from into turning into a Black Mirror episode

Monday, Oct 15, 2018

FinTech Forward 2018

Domestic and international financial regulators, innovators, and experts examine financial tech topics

Friday, Oct 12, 2018
New York Times

Internet Hacking Is About to Get Much Worse

If our devices, information, and institutions are to remain secure, smart government regulation is inevitable

Thursday, Oct 11, 2018

It’s not enough for AI to be “ethical”; it must also be “rights respecting”

On the importance of thinking about both the human rights implications and the ethics of AI.

Tuesday, Oct 9, 2018
Council on Foreign Relations

Three Problems with India’s Draft Data Protection Bill

India is attempting to create a complex new framework for data protection that will require firms to physically host user data, but they might be moving too fast.

Wednesday, Oct 3, 2018

Harvard Cyberlaw Clinic Backs Airbnb In Rowdy Guest Suit

Our Cyberlaw Clinic has urged the Ninth Circuit court not to touch a lower court decision ending a corporate landlord's lawsuit accusing Airbnb of helping tenants break building…

Friday, Sep 28, 2018

Tech Leadership in an Era of Digital (Mis)Trust

New policies aim to protect the privacy and security of personal data. How can trust be strengthened in the digital economy?

Thursday, Sep 20, 2018
Harvard Business Review

Platforms Should Become Information Fiduciaries

Internet companies need "information fiduciaries" to ensure that the consumer's best interest is kept at heart.

Wednesday, Sep 19, 2018
The Press and Information Office of the Federal Government

The faces behind the Digital Council

In this piece, the German Press and Information Office of the Federal Government announce Urs Gasser, Executive Director of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, as a…

Wednesday, Aug 22, 2018
Intelligence Squared

Blockchain: Quantum leap forward or digital snake oil?

Faculty Associate Primavera De Filippi joins a debate discussing Blockchain, what it is, and whether it is deserving of its current hype.

Monday, Jul 2, 2018
SAGE Ocean

How technology fails us, and what we can do about it

Keith Porcaro presents his work on data trusts, a legal tool for governing and protecting digital movements.

Thursday, Jun 28, 2018

AI Threats to Civil Liberties and Democracy

Chinmayi Arun of the Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi

Chinmayi Arun discusses the challenges unchecked AI development could pose to civil liberties in Asia.

Wednesday, Jan 11, 2017

Events 37

Feb 5, 2019 @ 12:00 PM

A History of the Internet

featuring Scott Bradner

VIDEO & PODCAST: Why has the Internet had such a powerful impact? What are the challenges that may cause the Internet of tomorrow to be significantly less revolutionary than the… More

Jan 31, 2019 @ 6:00 PM

Cyberlaw and Human Rights

Intersections in the Global South

VIDEO & PODCAST: Academics and civil society representatives from across the Global South will discuss emerging legal challenges to human rights in digitally networked spaces,… More

Sep 12, 2018 @ 4:00 PM

Book Launch: Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics

When data from all aspects of our lives can be relevant to our health - from our habits at the grocery store and our Google searches to our FitBit data and our medical records -… More

May 31, 2018 @ 9:00 AM

Symposium on Trust in Autonomous Vehicles

A symposium that brings together scientists, engineers, lawmakers, and car manufacturers to discuss ethical considerations and trust in autonomous vehicles. More

Apr 23, 2018 @ 4:00 PM

Blockchain and the Law

The Rule of Code

Blockchain technology is ultimately a dual-edge technology that can be used to either support or supplant the law. This talk looks at the impact of blockchain technology of a… More

Mar 6, 2018 @ 12:00 PM

The Accuracy, Fairness, and Limits of Predicting Recidivism

featuring Julia Dressel

COMPAS is a software used across the country to predict who will commit future crimes. It doesn’t perform any better than untrained people who responded to an online survey. More

Oct 17, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Will Wikipedia exist in 20 years?

Featuring Katherine Maher, Executive Director of the Wikimedia Foundation, in conversation with Harvard Law School Professor Yochai Benkler

Join us for a stimulating conversation highlighting different perspectives of the question, "Will Wikipedia exist in 20 years?" More

Sep 28, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Vish Viswanath, Ph.D.

This is a talk in the monthly Digital Health @ Harvard  More

Sep 19, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

The Line Between Hate and Debate

featuring Monika Bickert, Facebook’s Head of Global Policy Management in conversation with Professor Jonathan Zittrain

As society figures out what is acceptable and what is harmful, can technology play a role in improving online debate? More

Jul 11, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Weapons of Math Destruction

How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy

Please join us for a timely discussion of the role of data science in public life. All are welcome at this free event open to the public! More

Jun 26, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Expanding Access to Medicines and Promoting Innovation

A Practical Approach

Global Access in Action: Conversations in Global Health, Innovation, & the Digital World More

May 16, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

How to regulate the future of finance?

featuring John Schindler from the Federal Reserve, Jeff Bandman from the CFTC, and Valerie Szczepanik from the SEC

Event Description US market regulators offer… More

May 11, 2017 @ 8:30 AM

Next Gen Podcast Distribution Protocols

Innovation and Governance in Open Development Initiatives

The goals of the symposium include furthering cooperation among various players in the world of podcast creation and distribution and consideration of recommendations on standards… More

May 2, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

The Quantified Worker

with Berkman Klein Fellow, Ifeoma Ajunwa

To apply to Futurecorp, please submit your resume, list of references, and a genetic profile. Once hired, we'll make an appointment for you to receive a sub-dermal tracking… More

Apr 25, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Digital Expungement

Rehabilitation in the Digital Age

Can digital technology lead to the extinction of criminal rehabilitation? How should policymakers strike a balance between protecting civil rights and public safety while ensuring… More

Apr 18, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Internet Access as a Basic Service

Inspiration from our Canadian Neighbors

Join the Berkman Klein Center and the HLS Canadian Law Student Association as Mr. Blais speaks about broadband, internet, and the future of connectivity in Canada and around the… More

Apr 17, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

JP Onnela

This is a talk in the monthly Digital Health @ Harvard  More

Apr 14, 2017 @ 5:00 PM

In Dialogue with Loomio & Enspiral

Moving Platform Cooperativism from Theory to Practice

Join some of the worker-owners of the Loomio co-op for an inside look at some of the more mature experiments under the “Platform Cooperativism” umbrella. More

Apr 4, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Algorithmic Consumers

with Professors Michal Gal, University of Haifa, and Niva Elkin-Koren, Visting Professor of Law at HLS

Hate shopping? The next generation of e-commerce will be conducted by digital agents, based on algorithms that will not only make purchase recommendations, but will also predict… More

Mar 28, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Virtual Competition

The Promise and Perils of the Algorithm-Driven Economy

The changing market reality is already shifting power into the hands of the few. Join us to explore the resulting risks to competition, our democratic ideals, and our economic and… More

Mar 7, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Embedded Dangers

Revisiting the Year 2000 Problem and the Politics of Technological Repair

What really happened in the Y2K crisis and did it matter? With a growing consensus that the United States is in a state of infrastructural crisis, the Y2K bug and its aftermath… More

Feb 21, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Internet Designers as Policy-Makers

Sandra Braman, Abbott Professor of Liberal Arts at Texas A&M University

Those responsible for technical design of the Internet are… More

Feb 7, 2017 @ 12:00 PM

Bottom-up Constitutionalism: The Case of Net Neutrality

with Christoph Graber, Berkman Klein Faculty Associate

Can we observe the emergence of a new fundamental right that is protecting the Internet? Can such a constitutionalisation process originate from civil society? More

Apr 27, 2016 @ 9:00 AM

Digital Racist Speech in Latin America: Narratives and Counter-Narratives

The Berkman Center for Internet & Society hosts a conference to explore the dynamics of hate speech targeted toward Afro-descendent populations in Latin America, and the existing… More

Dec 6, 2012 @ 9:30 AM

Symposium on Internet-Driven Developments: Structural Changes and Tipping Points

Towards a Global Network of Internet and Society Centers

On December 6-8, 2012, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society hosted an international Symposium on Internet-Driven Developments: Structural Changes and Tipping Points (SCTP),… More

Jun 11, 2012 @ 6:00 PM

The Intention Economy: When Customers Take Charge

Doc Searls

Whether your interest is in preserving Internet freedom and opportunity, changing the economic power structure, new challenges for cyberlaw, or just turning the tables on privacy… More

May 30, 2012 @ 6:00 PM

Interop: The Promise and Perils of Highly Interconnected Systems

John Palfrey and Urs Gasser

John Palfrey and Urs Gasser discussed their new book on Interoperability book and its themes. More

May 16, 2011 @ 9:00 AM

Global Interoperability and Linked Data Workshop

On May 16-17, 2011, the Berkman Center together with Open Knowledge Commons and the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam convened a group of technical and… More

Aug 26, 2010 @ 9:00 AM

VRM + CRM 2010

The first VRM+CRM workshop will take place on 26-27 August, at Harvard Law School. It’s free. The purpose is to get VRM and CRM developers and other interested parties (such as… More

Oct 12, 2009 @ 9:00 AM

VRooM Boston 2009

As with earlier Vendor Relationship Management (VRM) workshops, this is a free unconference, organized on the open space model. Participants choose the topics, move those topics… More

May 15, 2009 @ 9:00 AM

ProjectVRM West Coast Workshop 2009

ProjectVRM, an initiative lead by Berkman Fellow Doc Searls, will host its first West Coast Meeting in Palo Alto. More

Mar 24, 2009 @ 12:30 PM

The Intention Economy: What Happens When Customers Get Real Power

Doc Searls, Berkman Fellow

In these dawn years of the Information Age, when individuals have more choice than ever about what they can do with their time and money, big companies still talk about "capturing… More

Jul 14, 2008 @ 9:00 AM

ProjectVRM Workshop

Day 2 of ProjectVRM's first workshop is underway... More

Nov 16, 2007 @ 12:48 AM

Breaking Down Digital Barriers

John Palfrey and Urs Gasser Present New Research on Interoperability

This joint report followed the Roadmap to Open ICT Ecosystems released in 2005, as it navigates the nuanced territory of consumer, corporate, and governmental interests in the… More

Apr 17, 2007 @ 12:30 PM

Sacked by Copyright: DMCA Takedowns and Free Expression

Wendy Seltzer, Berkman Fellow

Wendy Seltzer, founder of Chilling Effects, discussed "Sacked by Copyright: DMCA Takedowns and Free Expression." More

Mar 8, 2007 @ 1:22 AM

Innovation, Interoperability, and IP

Brad Smith, General Counsel of Microsoft

General Counsel of Microsoft, Brad Smith, discussed ", Interoperability, and IP" More

Dec 4, 2003 @ 12:30 PM

ICT and Education in Panama

Colin Maclay, Managing Director of the Berkman Center

Berkman Luncheon Series: 12/4/03 - Colin Maclay on ICT and Education in Panama More

People 101




Faculty Associates

Virgilio Almeida

Faculty Associate

Susan Benesch

Faculty Associate

Francine Berman

Faculty Associate

Fernando Bermejo

Faculty Associate

Christine L. Borgman

Faculty Associate

Herbert Burkert

Faculty Associate

Sasha Costanza-Chock

Faculty Associate

Primavera De Filippi

Faculty Associate

Juan Carlos De Martin

Faculty Associate

Niva Elkin-Koren

Faculty Associate

Casey Fiesler

Faculty Associate

Mayo Fuster Morell

Faculty Associate

Jerome Hergueux

Faculty Associate

Mako Hill

Faculty Associate

Malavika Jayaram

Faculty Associate

Vasilis Kostakis

Faculty Associate

Harry Lewis

Faculty Associate

Leah Plunkett

Faculty Associate

Carla Reyes

Faculty Associate

Nagla Rizk

Faculty Associate

Aaron Shaw

Faculty Associate

Clay Shirky

Faculty Associate

Zeynep Tufekci

Faculty Associate

Effy Vayena

Faculty Associate


Dave Arney


Elettra Bietti


Catherine Bracy


Scott Bradner


Joanne Cheung


John Collins


Renee DiResta


Brenda Dvoskin


Andy Ellis


Mailyn Fidler


Elena Goldstein


Andrew Gruen


Brittan Heller


Tim Hwang


Amy Johnson


Reynol Junco


Jonas Kaiser


Simin Kargar


Danil Kerimi


Emad Khazraee


Grace Mutung'u


Matthew Pearl


Keith Porcaro


Alvand Salehi


Boaz Sender


Suchana Seth


Gosia Stergios


Peter Suber


Gili Vidan


Matt Wansley


Waide Warner


Valentin Weber


Fellows Advisory Board

Judith Donath

Fellows Advisory Board

Eszter Hargittai

Fellows Advisory Board

Wendy Seltzer

Fellows Advisory Board

Jake Shapiro

Fellows Advisory Board

David Weinberger

Fellows Advisory Board

Ethan Zuckerman

Fellows Advisory Board