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Zahra Stardust is a socio-legal scholar working at the intersections of sexual health, queer criminology and human rights.

She is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society at Queensland University of Technology, and works on projects relating to sexual surveillance, algorithmic sexual profiling and the political economy of sextech. She recently coordinated a Public Interest Sex Tech Hackathon exploring ethical data governance and participatory design in sex technologies.

Her doctoral research, which won the Dean’s award for Best PhD Thesis at the University of New South Wales, examined the regulation of queer and feminist pornographies through criminal laws, classification codes and platform governance. Her forthcoming monograph Indie Porn: Revolutionary Promises, Regulatory Fantasies, Resistance Politics explores DIY porn movements and precarious labour through auto-ethnography.

As a BKC Fellow in 2020-21, Zahra facilitated a RightsCon panel on Alternative Frameworks for Sexual Content Moderation, hosted an event on Designing Sex Worker Liberatory Futures, and co-authored articles on Automating Whorephobia and High-Risk Hustling with colleagues from Hacking//Hustling and Decoding Stigma, which explored deplatforming and financial discrimination against sex workers.

Zahra’s previous research has examined sex work stigma, post-work politics, queer femininities, sex positive law reform, trans prison policies, chemsex practices and the policing of public protest. Her original work has been published in books such as New Feminist Literary Studies (Cambridge University Press), Queer Sex Work (Routledge Series on Crime and Society) and Orienting Feminisms (Palgrave Macmillan) and is forthcoming in Undesiring Whiteness, Undoing Sexual Racism (Oxford University Press), New Directions in Sexual Violence Research (Routledge), the Routledge Handbook on Sexuality, Gender, Health and Rights, and International Perspectives on Trans People in contact with the Custodial settings (Palgrave Macmillan).

In addition, Zahra’s research has been published in journals such as Crime Media Culture, Sexual Health, Monash University Law Review, Crime Justice and Social Democracy, World Journal of AIDS, Porn Studies, AG About Gender and Current Issues in Criminal Justice. She has also written for media such as ABC, Overland, New Matilda, Archer, The Conversation, Runway and Hustler Magazine, and been featured in articles for Vice, BBC News and SBS.

Prior to academia, Zahra worked in policy, advocacy, legal and research capacities with community organisations, NGOs and UN bodies on human rights and social justice projects in Australia and internationally, including UNFPA in Eritrea (on sexual and reproductive health programming), UN Women (on gender discrimination), the Environmental Defenders Office (assisting activists on criminal charges), Scarlet Alliance (on sex worker rights), ACON (on HIV treatment & prevention and LGBTIQA+ health), the Inner City Legal Centre (assisting people experiencing domestic and family violence), the Women’s Justice Network (assisting women exiting prison) the Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby (on vilification and anti-discrimination), the Kimberley Land Council (on Native Title claims). She is admitted to the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

Zahra has consulted with Google and Facebook and presented at conferences in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Singapore, Australasia and Japan, including as an invited speaker for the International Bar Association. She has studied at the Summer Institute on Sexuality, Culture and Society at the University of Amsterdam and the Summer Doctoral Program at the University of Oxford Internet Institute, and is on the Editorial Board of international journal Porn Studies.

She hosts the podcast Thinking Justice, which brings together voices of organisers, academics and critical thinkers challenging us to imagine and create alternative futures. She lives on stolen and unceded land of the Turrbal and Jagera people known by its colonial name of Brisbane, Australia.


ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society

Manifesto for Sex Positive Social Media

Zahra Stardust and collaborators set out seven demands for platforms, governments, and policymakers.

As part of her Berkman Klein fellowship, Zahra Stardust organized a Community Lab at RightsCon 2021 on "Alternative Frameworks for Sexual Content Moderation."…

Aug 31, 2022
Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal

Surveillance does not equal safety: Police, data and consent on dating apps

“As dating apps continue to receive pressure from civil society, media and governments to address a range of safety concerns, technology…

Jul 10, 2022

Public interest sex tech hackathon: speculative futures and participatory design

“Sex tech has emerged as a site in which sexual pleasure,…

Jul 6, 2022
Porn Studies

Automating whorephobia: sex, technology and the violence of deplatforming

Zahra Stardust interviews Danielle Blunt about the prevalence of algorithmic biases against sex work.

Nov 2, 2021

Sex work, automation and the post-work imaginary

Zahra Stardust and Helen Hester envision a post-work future that is more equitable for sex workers.

Sep 13, 2021
The Conversation

NSW Police want access to Tinder’s sexual assault data. Cybersafety experts explain why it’s a date with disaster

Zahra Stardust and colleagues on cybersecurity and dating apps

Apr 28, 2021
BKC Medium Collection

Movement Lawyering for Alternative Futures

Five community members speak about their vexed relationships to the law

Jan 4, 2021
BKC Medium Collection

What can tech learn from sex workers?

Zahra Stardust and colleagues reflect on what tech would look if it was designed by sex workers

Dec 16, 2020


Apr 8, 2021 @ 12:00 PM

Decoding Stigma: Designing for Sex Worker Liberatory Futures

Video & Podcast: Featuring Zahra Stardust, Gabriella Garcia, Chibundo Egwuatu, Yin Q

Video & Podcast: A panel discussion about what the Internet might look like if it was designed by sex workers and how we might code sex worker ethics into future design.