The scope of this literature review is to map out what is currently understood about the
intersections of youth, reputation, and privacy online, focusing on youth attitudes and practices.
We summarize both key empirical studies from quantitative and qualitative perspectives and the
legal issues involved in regulating privacy and reputation. This project includes studies of
children, teenagers, and younger college students. For the purposes of this document, we use
“teenagers” or “adolescents” to refer to young people ages 13-19; children are considered to be
0-12 years old. However, due to a lack of large-scale empirical research on this topic, and the
prevalence of empirical studies on college students, we selectively included studies that
discussed age or included age as a variable. Due to language issues, the majority of this literature
covers the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and Canada.