The Berkman Klein Center has established the premier series of scholarly publications on matters related to the Internet, law, and society, which is jointly published with the Social Science Research Network (SSRN).

Below is a selected list of these works, which includes scholarly papers as well as books, written by Berkman Klein faculty and fellows. To be notified when new reports are added to this list, sign up for our reports release email list.

(For additional writings and blog posts from Berkman community members and projects, which are not included in this series, see our aggregated community blog feed.)


Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States

The Internet Safety Technical Task Force was created in February 2008 in accordance with the "Joint Statement on Key Principles of Social Networking Safety" announced in January 2008 by the Attorneys General Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking and MySpace. The Task Force submitted its Final Report to the Attorneys General in December, 2008.

Authored by

14 Jan 2009

The Public and the Private at the United States Border with Cyberspace

In the twenty-first century, a state can come to know more about each of its citizens via surveillance than ever before in human history. Some states are beginning to exercise this ability. Much of this additional surveillance ability derives from enhanced access to digital information... We need to rethink legal protections for citizens from state surveillance in a digital age...

Authored by

27 Dec 2008

Digitally Networked Technology in Kenya's 2007-2008 Post-Election Crisis

Using the lens of the 2007-2008 Kenyan Presidential Election Crisis, this case study illustrates how digitally networked technologies, specifically mobile phones and the Internet, were a catalyst to both predatory behavior such as ethnic-based mob violence and to civic behaviors such as citizen journalism and human rights campaigns.

Authored by

29 Sep 2008


Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives

Based on original research and advancing new theories, leading internet and technology experts John Palfrey and Urs Gasser offer a sociological portrait of the 'Born Digital' generation, and explore how they are changing the meaning of privacy, revolutionizing conceptions of copyright, and navigating the tidal wave of information in the digital world.

Authored by

1 Sep 2008

May 2008 Badware Websites Report analyzed over 200,000 websites found to engage in badware behavior, finding that over half of the sites were based on Chinese network blocks, with a small number of blocks accounting for most of the infected sites in that country. The report also identifies the 10 network blocks worldwide that contain the largest number of badware sites.

Authored by

23 Jun 2008


Blown to Bits

Your Life, Liberty, and Happiness After the Digital Explosion

Is this utopia? Or the dawning of a 1984/Brave New World horror world? Whatever you call it, it’s happening. What kind of world are we creating? What will it be like to live there? Blown to Bits offers powerful and controversial answers to these questions–and give you the knowledge you need to help shape your own digital future, not let others do it for you. Building on their pioneering joint MIT/Harvard course, the authors reveal how the digital revolution is changing everything, in ways that are stunning even the most informed experts.

Authored by

16 Jun 2008


This application report reviews RealPlayer 11, currently promoted by RealNetworks at, and RealPlayer 10.5, distributed through channels such as Mozilla Firefox's 'Missing Plug-in' feature and the BBC Radio website.

Authored by

31 Jan 2008

My SHC Community

This application report reviews the My SHC Community software, an application that is installed for a subset of the users who register for the My SHC (Sears Holding Company) Community at

Authored by

8 Jan 2008


Berkman@10 (special annual report)

A decade of exploring cyberspace, sharing in its study, and pioneering its development

As part of its tenth anniversary celebration in the 2007-2008 academic year, the Berkman Center produced a special, glossy annual report, complete with a short history of the center, a timeline, profiles of community members, 2006-2007 project overviews, and much more.

1 Dec 2007

The Role of Digital Networked Technologies in the Ukrainian Orange Revolution

This working paper is part of a series examining how the Internet influences democracy. This report is a narrative case study that examines the role of the Internet and mobile phones during Ukraine's 2004 Orange Revolution. The first section describes the online citizen journalists who reported many stories left untouched by self censored mainstream journalists. The second section investigates the use of digital networked technologies by pro-democracy organizers. This case study concludes with the statement that the Internet and mobile phones made a wide range of activities easier, however the Orange Revolution was largely made possible by savvy activists and journalists willing to take risks to improve their country.

Authored by

1 Dec 2007


Breaking Down Digital Barriers: When and How ICT Interoperability Drives Innovation

In this study, we have done a deep-dive on three cases - DRM-protected music, Digital ID, and Mashups in the Web services context - as well as cursory reviews of other narratives with a goal of understanding a range of views on how interoperability comes to pass, what is optimal in terms of interoperability, how interoperability relates to innovation, and how we ought to approach achieving greater interoperability.

Authored by

31 Oct 2007

The Principles of Distributed Innovation

Distributed innovation systems are an approach to organizing for innovation that seems to meet the challenge of accessing knowledge that resides outside the boundaries of any one organization. We provide an overview of distributed innovation systems that are achieving success in three different industries. We explore why people participate, the organizing principles of production, and the implications for intellectual property policy. Finally, the potential extensions and limitations of this alternative model of innovation are considered.

Authored by

30 Sep 2007

Overcoming the Achilles Heel of Copyright Law

This article challenges the legitimacy of the three-step test which sets up a one-size-fits-all standard for copyright protection. It also puts forward a proposal aimed at reshaping the three-step test. Moreover, this article argues that the inquiry into the legitimacy of the three-step test necessitates a careful reexamination of the conventional wisdom of copyright law in general and the nature of copyright limitations in particular.

Authored by

30 Jun 2007