Accountability of AI Under the Law: The Role of Explanation
The paper reviews current societal, moral, and legal norms around explanations, and then focuses on the different contexts under which an explanation is currently required under… …
A Layered Model for AI Governance
AI-based systems are “black boxes,” resulting in massive information asymmetries between the developers of such systems and consumers and policymakers.
An Open Letter to the Members of the Massachusetts Legislature Regarding the Adoption of Actuarial Risk Assessment Tools in the Criminal Justice System
This open letter — signed by Harvard and MIT-based faculty, staff, and researchers— is directed to the Massachusetts Legislature to inform its consideration of risk assessment…
Zero Rating & Internet Adoption
In March of 2016, a diverse group of stakeholders gathered to discuss the use of zero rating as a means to improve Internet adoption in the developing world and how and when it…
Enabling Competition & Innovation on a City Fiber Network
The municipally owned fiber-optic network of Ammon, Idaho provides one model for U.S. public entities and policymakers seeking to increase service competition and innovation.
Cross-Border Data Access Reform
A brief primer on how cross-border data access requests currently work, options for reform, and major challenges to reform ahead.
Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election
In this study, we analyze both mainstream and social media coverage of the 2016 United States presidential election.
Perspectives on Harmful Speech Online
This collection of short essays and opinion pieces on harmful speech online covers a broad spectrum of thought and ideas from the Berkman Klein community.
On the Biomedical Elite: Inequality and Stasis in Scientific Knowledge Production
This report examines the relationship between commonly used metrics and funding levels for investigators funded by the NIH, the largest public funder of biomedical research in the… …
The Shifting Landscape of Global Internet Censorship
Documenting the practice of Internet censorship around the world through empirical testing of the availability of the world’s most-trafficked and influential websites.
Children’s Rights and Digital Technologies:
An introduction to the relatively nascent, but quickly evolving children’s digital rights discourse
Analyzing Accessibility of Wikipedia Projects Around the World
This study, conducted by the Internet Monitor project, analyzes the scope of government-sponsored censorship of Wikimedia sites around the world.
Organization & Structure of Open Source Software Development Initiatives
A collection of case studies and organizational models for those who manage and participate in open source development initiatives.
Open Data Privacy Playbook
This report codifies responsible privacy-protective open data approaches and processes that could be adopted by cities and other government organizations.
Citizens Take Charge: Concord, Massachusetts, Builds a Fiber Network
In this case study, the authors describe the municipal smart grid and fiber-to-the-home Internet access project in the town of Concord, Massachusetts, and quantify early paybacks… …
Smart Grid Paybacks: The Chattanooga Example
After building a fiber optic network throughout its service territory, the city-owned electric utility in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 2010 became the first U.S. company to offer…
The Transparency Reporting Toolkit: Guide & Template
This guide provides a practical starting point for companies that want to create or improve their transparency reports.
Does Public Attention Reduce the Influence of Interest Groups?
This paper investigates the role public attention plays in determining the effect that campaign contributions funded by interests groups have on legislators’ policy positions.
Defining Hate Speech
This essay seeks to review some of the various attempts to define hate speech, and pull from them a series of traits that can be used to frame hate speech with a higher degree of… …
Grassroots Perspectives on Hate Speech, Race, and Inequality in Brazil and Colombia
Through interviews with leaders of civil society organizations (CSOs) and a review of existing literature, this study discusses efforts and interventions that CSOs have employed… …
Preliminary Findings on Online Hate Speech and the Law in India
This briefing paper outlines preliminary issues that we noted while conducting a detailed study of hate speech laws in India. It teases out some of the major concerns that arise… …
Understanding Harmful Speech Online
This paper offers reflections and observations on the state of research related to harmful speech online.
Privacy and Cybersecurity Research Briefing
This research briefing aims to translate findings from ongoing Berkman Klein Center privacy and cybersecurity research and activities into practical considerations and takeaways… …