The Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University is
pleased to share a new literature review by the Youth and Media team,
contributing to The Kinder & Braver World Project led by danah boyd
and John Palfrey:
"Bullying in a Networked Era: A Literature Review", by Nathaniel
Levy, Sandra Cortesi, Urs Gasser, Edward Crowley, Meredith Beaton, June
Casey, and Caroline Nolan, presents an aggregation and summary of recent academic literature on youth bullying and seeks to make scholarly work
on this important topic more broadly accessible to a concerned public
audience, including parents, caregivers, educators, and practitioners.
The document is guided by two questions: “What is bullying?” and “What
can be done about bullying?” and focuses on the online and offline
contexts in which bullying occurs. Although the medium or means through
which bullying takes place influence bullying dynamics, as previous
research demonstrates, online and offline bullying are more similar than different. This dynamic is especially true as a result of the
increasing convergence of technologies. Looking broadly at the
commonalities as well as the differences between offline and online
phenomena fosters greater understanding of the overall system of which
each is a part and highlights both the off- and online experiences of
young people – whose involvement is not typically limited to one end of
The authors wish to thank all the collaborators at the Berkman Center,
especially danah boyd and John Palfrey, for encouragement, guidance, and help. Thanks also to Dewey Cornell, Mia Doces, Dorothy Espelage, David
Finkelhor, Lisa Jones, Amanda Lenhart, Mary Madden, Susan Swearer, and
Michele Ybarra for their contributions and important work in the field.
Further, we are deeply grateful for the invaluable research assistance
provided by all the Youth and Media Lab team members.
The Youth and Media project at the Berkman Center for Internet &
Society at Harvard University encompasses an array of research,
advocacy, and development initiatives around youth and technology. To
learn more, visit: http://youthandmedia.org.
The Kinder & Braver World Project (KBW) is co-presented by the Born
This Way Foundation (BTWF) and generously supported by the John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The authors would like to thank
Connie Yowell for her leadership and support. To learn more about the
KBW Project and to access all publications in the KBW research series,