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This is a Berkman Klein alum page. The information below may be out of date.

Inspired by challenges set out by Lawrence Lessig in his original Code Is Law book, Mary began the Net Dialogue project to examine the intersection of law and technology in international Net governance.

Looking at Net governance, Mary likes to ask: Are global standards in law and technology expanding the reach of government? Is the definition of government itself changing as private actors play governmental roles? Are decision-makers accountable to the public? What mechanisms in law and technology could help prevent corruption and protect fundamental freedoms?

Mary shares the belief that governance in the Information Society should support subsidiarity (i.e. governance at the most local level practicable), checks and balances, the separation of powers, and human rights (including privacy, freedom of expression, freedom of association, and the right to hold beliefs freely).

As a working model of what international agencies themselves might do to promote transparency and public comment, Mary started the Net Dialogue site. The site summarizes dozens of treaties and guidelines forged to deal with traditional areas of governance, only now at the international level - for the Net!

Mary sees these international rules as pointing to a global framework for regulating the Net. If you’re interested, see her paper Beyond Internet Governance: The Emerging International Framework for Governing the Networked World.

Among other inputs submitted for UN discussions on Internet governance, Mary wrote Net Dialogue Perspectives on International Net Governance with Lessig and John Palfrey as an article for Digital Reach (the official publication of the World Summit on the Information Society).

Mary has been studying digital identity management as a case study in the intersection of law and technology at the international level. As a point of departure, she has worked with people involved in the drafting of treaties and guidelines to highlight the primary purpose of provisions. (See Identity Management as a Cybersecurity Case Study, co-authored with Ben Laurie.) She has also been asking computer scientists and legal experts in personal data protection if the computer code giving effect to these provisions can be tweaked – with the goal of curbing power and protecting liberties – while still allowing the rules to have their intended impact. (See International Personal Data Protections and Digital Identity Management Tools, a position paper submitted to the W3C, and slides on using icons to express user preferences, presented at a workshop during the first meeting of the Internet Governance Forum.) She is also working with experts to assess how the market may or may not naturally adopt these technological protections. (See Interoperability in the New Digital Identity Infrastructure, co-authored with Paul Trevithick.) Finally, for the technological features that could bolster liberties and check power, but that the market will not likely adopt on its own, she is working with experts in international policymaking to explore how legal protections can fill the gaps. (See, e.g., a study entitled, "Ethical Implications of Emerging Technologies: A Survey, which Mary co-produced for UNESCO. This study is helping to shape a draft Code of Ethics for the Information Society, an initiative by UNESCO under its mandate from the World Summit on the Information Society.)

Prior to this work Mary served as a Legal Affairs Officer for the World Trade Organization in Geneva, Switzerland, where her work concentrated on developing-country issues, regional trade agreements, financial crisis mitigation, and trade-related investment measures. Mary studied Asian Studies as an undergraduate at the University of Virginia and did graduate work in Foreign Service and Law at Georgetown University. While in Washington, DC, she also worked with non-profits, business, and government in positions dealing with human rights, international economic policy, and foreign affairs. Mary is a member of the New York State Bar.

Projects & Tools


Net Dialogue

The Net Dialogue project strives to encourage greater public access to Net-related rulemaking by intergovernmental organizations, and to engage technologists and policymakers in…


Mar 1, 2007

Ethical Implications of Emerging Technologies: A Survey

Embracing coherent ethical guidelines is essential for building inclusive knowledge societies and raising awareness about the ethical aspects and principles is central for…

Jan 31, 2007

Interoperability In the New Digital Identity Infrastructure

This paper maps out multiple dimensions of interoperability in the emerging digital identity management infrastructure, with a view to promoting openness in this infrastructure…

Jun 19, 2006

International Personal Data Protection and Digital Identity Management Tools

International guidelines establish principles for the treatment of personal data. Might digital identity management tools simultaneously allow the interests of government, the…

Dec 13, 2005

Beyond Internet Governance: The Emerging International Framework for Governing the Networked World

Increasingly, governments are regulating the “Net” – that is, the Internet and people’s activities over it. Because the Net is global in nature, governments are turning to…

Aug 31, 2005

Identity Management as a Cybersecurity Case Study

In our increasingly networked world, information relating to an individual is of interest for its commercial value and for its potential to help promote a safe electronic realm,…

Feb 1, 2005

NetDialogue: A Mechanism to Promote Transparency and Public Dialogue in International Net Governance

In WGIG terms, the Net Dialogue website introduced here is a tool to shed light on how international organizations are dealing with the issue of “applicable jurisdiction and cross…


Mar 28, 2007 @ 6:30 PM

"International Data Protection Principles and the New Identity Infrastructure" / "In the Virtual Shadow of the Law"

Berkman Fellow Mary Rundle and ISP Fellow Anne Huang

Berkman Fellow Mary Rundle: "International Data Protection Principles and the New Identity Infrastructure: A Proposed Approach for Bridging Requirements;" ISP Fellow Anne Huang: …

Sep 20, 2006 @ 12:00 AM

"Beyond Internet Governance" / "Common Law Property Metaphors..."

Berkman Fellow Mary Rundle & ISP Fellow Shyamkrishna Balganesh present their research

Berkman Fellow Mary Rundle: "Beyond Internet Governance: The Emerging International Framework for Governing the Networked World." ISP Fellow Shyamkrishna Balganesh: "Common Law…

Feb 2, 2006 @ 6:00 PM

Cyberscholar Working Group: Mary Rundle, "Beyond Internet Governance", Shyamkrishna Balganesh, "Common Law Property Metaphors...

Harvard-Yale Cyberscholar Working Group: February 2, 2006. Berkman Fellow Mary Rundle, "Beyond Internet Governance: The Emerging International Framework for Governing the…