Current Berkman People and Projects

Keep track of Berkman-related news and conversations by subscribing to this page using your RSS feed reader. This aggregation of blogs relating to the Berkman Center does not necessarily represent the views of the Berkman Center or Harvard University but is provided as a convenient starting point for those who wish to explore the people and projects in Berkman's orbit. As this is a global exercise, times are in UTC.

The list of blogs being aggregated here can be found at the bottom of this page.

April 24, 2018

Berkman Center front page
The Law and Ethics of Digital Piracy: Evidence from Harvard Law School Graduates

Subtitle

Featuring Dariusz Jemielniak and Jérôme Hergueux

Teaser

When do Harvard law students perceive digital file sharing (and piracy) as fine?

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

May 1 2018 12:00pm to May 1 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, May 1, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus
Wasserstein Hall, Milstein West B
Room 2019, Second Floor
RSVP required to attend in person
Event will be live webcast at 12:00 pm

Harvard Law School is one of the top law schools in the world and educates the intellectual and financial elites. Lawyers are held to the highest professional and ethical standards. And yet, when it comes to digital piracy, they overwhelmingly perceive file sharing as an acceptable social practice – as long as individuals do not derive monetary benefits from it. So should digital files be considered a commons? In this talk, Dariusz and Jerome will identify and discuss the social and economic contexts in which file sharing is considered more or less acceptable by law practitioners. In the process, they will foster a conversation on the possible changes in regulation that would allow to catch up with the established social norm. 

About Dariusz

Dariusz Jemielniak is a Wikipedian, Full Professor of Management at Kozminski University, and an entrepreneur (having established the largest online dictionary in Poland, ling.pl, among others). 

Dariusz currently serves on Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees. In his academic life, he studies open collaboration movement (in 2014 he published "Common Knowledge? An Ethnography of Wikipedia" with Stanford University Press), media files sharing practices (among lawyers and free knowledge activists), as well as political memes' communities. 

He had visiting appointments at Cornell University (2004-2005), Harvard (2007, 2011-2012), and University of California, Berkeley (2008), where he studied software engineers' workplace culture.

About Jérôme

Jerome is an Assistant Research Professor at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), a Fellow at the Center for Law and Economics at ETH Zurich, and a Faculty Associate at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. From 2011 to 2014, Jerome spent three years as a Research Fellow at the Berkman Klein Center, where he did most of his Ph.D. work.

Jerome is a behavioral economist operating at the boundaries between psychology, economics and computer science. In his research, he typically couples experimental methods with the analysis of big data to uncover how psychological and cognitive traits shape our behavior over the Internet, with a particular focus on online cooperation, peer production and decision making. He is strongly involved with Professor Yochai Benkler in the Cooperation project. He is also involved with the Mindsport Research Network, which he helped launch together with Professor Charles Nesson.

Jerome completed a Ph.D. in Economics at Sciences Po and the University of Strasbourg. He holds Master’s degrees in both International Economics and International Affairs from Sciences Po, and a B.A. in Economics & Finance from the University of Strasbourg.

Jerome originates from the French region of Alsace. He has lived in France, Egypt, the U.S., Jordan and Switzerland. Jerome speaks French, English and Arabic and is heavily interested in public policy and international affairs.

 

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by candersen at April 24, 2018 02:00 PM

Benjamin Mako Hill
Hyak on Hyak

I recently fulfilled a yearslong dream of launching a job on Hyak* on Hyak.

Hyak on Hyak

 


* Hyak is the University of Washington’s supercomputer which my research group uses for most of our computation-intensive research.
M/V Hyak is a Super-class ferry operated by the Washington State Ferry System.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at April 24, 2018 01:58 AM

Mako Hate

I recently discovered a prolific and sustained community of meme-makers on Tumblr dedicated to expressing their strong dislike for “Mako.”

Two tags with examples are #mako hate and #anti mako but there are many others.

I’ve also discovered Tumblrs entirely dedicated to the topic!

For example, Let’s Roast Mako describes itself “A place to beat up Mako. In peace. It’s an inspiration to everyone!

The second is the Fuck Mako Blog which describes itself with series of tag-lines including “Mako can fuck right off and we’re really not sorry about that,” “Welcome aboard the SS Fuck-Mako;” and “Because Mako is unnecessary.” Sub-pages of the site include:

I’ll admit I’m a little disquieted.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at April 24, 2018 01:57 AM

Is English Wikipedia’s ‘rise and decline’ typical?

This graph shows the number of people contributing to Wikipedia over time:

The Rise and Decline of Wikipedia The number of active Wikipedia contributors exploded, suddenly stalled, and then began gradually declining. (Figure taken from Halfaker et al. 2013)

The figure comes from “The Rise and Decline of an Open Collaboration System,” a well-known 2013 paper that argued that Wikipedia’s transition from rapid growth to slow decline in 2007 was driven by an increase in quality control systems. Although many people have treated the paper’s finding as representative of broader patterns in online communities, Wikipedia is a very unusual community in many respects. Do other online communities follow Wikipedia’s pattern of rise and decline? Does increased use of quality control systems coincide with community decline elsewhere?

In a paper that my student Nathan TeBlunthuis is presenting Thursday morning at the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI),  a group of us have replicated and extended the 2013 paper’s analysis in 769 other large wikis. We find that the dynamics observed in Wikipedia are a strikingly good description of the average Wikia wiki. They appear to reoccur again and again in many communities.

The original “Rise and Decline” paper (we’ll abbreviate it “RAD”) was written by Aaron Halfaker, R. Stuart Geiger, Jonathan T. Morgan, and John Riedl. They analyzed data from English Wikipedia and found that Wikipedia’s transition from rise to decline was accompanied by increasing rates of newcomer rejection as well as the growth of bots and algorithmic quality control tools. They also showed that newcomers whose contributions were rejected were less likely to continue editing and that community policies and norms became more difficult to change over time, especially for newer editors.

Our paper, just published in the CHI 2018 proceedings, replicates most of RAD’s analysis on a dataset of 769 of the  largest wikis from Wikia that were active between 2002 to 2010.  We find that RAD’s findings generalize to this large and diverse sample of communities.

We can walk you through some of the key findings. First, the growth trajectory of the average wiki in our sample is similar to that of English Wikipedia. As shown in the figure below, an initial period of growth stabilizes and leads to decline several years later.

Rise and Decline on Wikia The average Wikia wikia also experience a period of growth followed by stabilization and decline (from TeBlunthuis, Shaw, and Hill 2018).

We also found that newcomers on Wikia wikis were reverted more and continued editing less. As on Wikipedia, the two processes were related. Similar to RAD, we also found that newer editors were more likely to have their contributions to the “project namespace” (where policy pages are located) undone as wikis got older. Indeed, the specific estimates from our statistical models are very similar to RAD’s for most of these findings!

There were some parts of the RAD analysis that we couldn’t reproduce in our context. For example, there are not enough bots or algorithmic editing tools in Wikia to support statistical claims about their effects on newcomers.

At the same time, we were able to do some things that the RAD authors could not.  Most importantly, our findings discount some Wikipedia-specific explanations for a rise and decline. For example, English Wikipedia’s decline coincided with the rise of Facebook, smartphones, and other social media platforms. In theory, any of these factors could have caused the decline. Because the wikis in our sample experienced rises and declines at similar points in their life-cycle but at different points in time, the rise and decline findings we report seem unlikely to be caused by underlying temporal trends.

The big communities we study seem to have consistent “life cycles” where stabilization and/or decay follows an initial period of growth. The fact that the same kinds of patterns happen on English Wikipedia and other online groups implies a more general set of social dynamics at work that we do not think existing research (including ours) explains in a satisfying way. What drives the rise and decline of communities more generally? Our findings make it clear that this is a big, important question that deserves more attention.

We hope you’ll read the paper and get in touch by commenting on this post or emailing Nate if you’d like to learn or talk more. The paper is available online and has been published under an open access license. If you really want to get into the weeds of the analysis, we will soon publish all the data and code necessary to reproduce our work in a repository on the Harvard Dataverse.

Nate TeBlunthuis will be presenting the project this week at CHI in Montréal on Thursday April 26 at 9am in room 517D.  For those of you not familiar with CHI, it is the top venue for Human-Computer Interaction. All CHI submissions go through double-blind peer review and the papers that make it into the proceedings are considered published (same as journal articles in most other scientific fields). Please feel free to cite our paper and send it around to your friends!


This blog post, and the open access paper that it describes, is a collaborative project with Aaron Shaw, that was led by Nate TeBlunthuis. A version of this blog post was originally posted on the Community Data Science Collective blog. Financial support came from the US National Science Foundation (grants IIS-1617129,  IIS-1617468, and GRFP-2016220885 ), Northwestern University, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University, and the University of Washington. This project was completed using the Hyak high performance computing cluster at the University of Washington.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at April 24, 2018 01:54 AM

April 23, 2018

Berkman Center front page
Blockchain and the Law: The Rule of Code

Subtitle

A book talk featuring author, Primavera De Filippi

Teaser

Blockchain technology is ultimately a dual-edge technology that can be used to either support or supplant the law. This talk looks at the impact of blockchain technology of a variety of fields (finance, contracts, organizations, etc.), and the benefits and drawbacks of blockchain-based systems.

Event Date

Apr 23 2018 4:00pm to Apr 23 2018 4:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Monday, April 23, 2018 at 4:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus


video and audio will be archived on this page shortly

This talk will look at how blockchain technology is a dual-edge technology that could be used to either support or supplant the law. After describing the impact of this new technology on a variety of fields (including payments, contracts, communication systems, organizations and the internet of things), it will examine how blockchain technology can be framed as a new form of regulatory technology, while at the same time enabling the creation of new autonomous systems which are harder to regulate. The talk will conclude with an overview of the various ways in which blockchain-based systems can be regulated, and what are the dangers of doing so.

About Primavera De Filipi

Primavera obtained a Master degree in Business & Administration from the Bocconi University of Milan, and a Master degree in Intellectual Property Law at the Queen Mary University of London. She holds a PhD from the European University Institute in Florence, where she explored the legal challenges of copyright law in the digital environment, with special attention to the mechanisms of private ordering (Digital Rights Management systems, Creative Commons licenses, etc). During these years, she spent two months at the University of Buffalo in New York and one year as a visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley. Primavera is now a permanent researcher at the National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS), where she founded the Institute of Interdisciplinary Research on Internet & Society (www.iriis.fr). Primavera was a former fellow and current faculty associate at the Berkmain-Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Visit here for additional bio information for Primavera including her online activities, research interests, recent publications, and online videos.

Links:

 

by candersen at April 23, 2018 09:38 PM

April 19, 2018

Justin Reich
Five Answers About EdTech Experiments: A Response to Benjamin Herold
An argument for why it is a good thing when education technology providers test new ideas with small randomized controlled trials.

by Justin Reich at April 19, 2018 09:19 PM

Cyberlaw Clinic - blog
Former Clinic Students Present Harvard Law Review Student Notes

Of the four students whose work is represented in the Harvard Law Review’s April 2018 “Developments in the Law” issue, three are former students in the Cyberlaw Clinic and all have taken classes with our staff. The issue of the Law Review focuses on challenges posed by the vast amount of personal information that individuals now store digitally and with third party technology companies. The student authors, Audrey Adu-Appiah, Chloe Goodwin, Vinitra Rangan, and Ariel Teshuva, presented on their work to a packed room on Thursday, April 18, at the Law School, followed by a conversation moderated by Chris Bavitz.

Adu-Appiah presented on her Note, “The Video Privacy Protection Act as a Model Intellectual Privacy Statute,” arguing that while the VPPA is often seen as niche legislation and has been somewhat compromised by recent amendments, as originally passed it could be a strong model for a more general intellectual privacy regime which would apply to written materials as well as audio-visual ones.

Summarizing her Note, “Cooperation or Resistance? The Role of Tech Companies in Government Surveillance,” Goodwin argued that the two narratives that dominate discussion of tech companies’ involvement in government surveillance — that they are either doormats or bulwarks, depending on your perspective — is a vast oversimplification. Goodwin calls for new regulation that will align these companies’ incentives with those of their users.

Teshuva presented on a related topic to Goodwin’s, but focused particularly on the issue of standing to challenge legitimate surveillance of foreign individuals that sweeps up the communication of people located in the U.S., which would otherwise require a warrant from law enforcement. Her Note, “Standing, Surveillance, and Technology Companies,” points out that the present state of the law makes it extremely difficult for individuals to gain standing to challenge these practices, and vests the protection of their interests largely in the tech companies whose platforms they are using.

In what she described as a “hard right turn,” Rangan looked at how trusts and estates law is being impacted by these same developments. In her Note “What is an ‘Electronic Will’?” she argued that state legislatures need to parse the various types of electronic wills in order to instruct probate courts on how to properly evaluate this evidence of testators’ intent.

Following the students’ presentations, Professor Bavitz led an engaging discussion, highlighting issues such as the role of individuals in effecting change that drew connections between all four of the Notes presented.

by jessicafjeld at April 19, 2018 06:04 PM

April 18, 2018

ProjectVRM
GDPR Hack Day at MIT

Our challenge in the near term is to make the GDPR work for us “data subjects” as well as for the “data processors” and “data controllers” of the world—and to start making it work before the GDPR’s “sunrise” on May 25th. That’s when the EU can start laying fines—big ones—on those data processors and controllers, but not on us mere subjects. After all, we’re the ones the GDPR protects.

Ah, but we can also bring some relief to those processors and controllers, by automating, in a way, our own consent to good behavior on their part, using a consent cookie of our own baking. That’s what we started working on at IIW on April 5th. Here’s the whiteboard:

Here are the session notes. And we’ll continue at a GDPR Hack Day, next Thursday, April 26th, at MIT. Read more about and sign up here. You don’t need to be a hacker to participate.

by Doc Searls at April 18, 2018 04:50 PM

April 17, 2018

Berkman Center front page
Honoring All Expertise: Social Responsibility and Ethics in Tech

Subtitle

featuring Kathy Pham & Friends from the Berkman Klein Community

Teaser

Learn more about social responsibility and ethics in tech from cross functional perspectives featuring social scientists, computer scientists, historians, lawyers, political scientists, architects, and philosophers.

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Apr 17 2018 12:00pm to Apr 17 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, April 17, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School

Video and audio will be archived on this page shortly

The Ethical Tech Working Group at the Berkman Klein Center will host a series of lighting talks exploring social responsibility and ethics in tech. Speakers will draw on their perspectives as computer scientists, critical race and gender scholars, designers, ethnographers, historians, lawyers, political scientists, and philosophers to share reflections on what it will take to build more publicly-accountable technologies and how to bridge diverse expertise from across industry and academia to get there. Please join us and add your voice to the discussion.  

Doaa Abu-Elyounes

Doaa Abu-Elyounes is a second year S.J.D. candidate at Harvard Law School, where she researches the effect of artificial intelligence algorithms on the criminal justice system. Before starting her S.J.D, Doaa Completed an LL.M at Harvard Law School. Doaa is originally from Israel, where she completed an LL.B and LL.M in the University of Haifa with a special focus on law and technology. After law school, Doaa worked at the Supreme Court of Israel as a law clerk; and at the Israeli Ministry of Justice as an advisor to the Director General of the Ministry. During her time in the Berkman Center, Doaa will focus on algorithmic accountability and governance of AI in criminal justice. In particular, she will analyze the impact of risk assessment tools involving AI on the criminal justice system.

Joanne Cheung

Joanne K. Cheung is an artist and designer. Her work focuses on how people, buildings, and media contribute to democratic governance. She enjoys thinking across scales and collaborating across differences. 

She received her B.A. from Dartmouth College, M.F.A. from Bard College Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts, and is currently pursuing her M.Arch at Harvard Graduate School of Design. 

Mary Gray

Mary L. Gray is a Fellow at Harvard University’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society and Senior Researcher at Microsoft Research. She chairs the Microsoft Research Lab Ethics Advisory Board. Mary maintains a faculty position in the School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering with affiliations in Anthropology, Gender Studies and the Media School, at Indiana University. Mary’s research looks at how technology access, social conditions, and everyday uses of media transform people’s lives.  Her most recent book, Out in the Country: Youth, Media, and Queer Visibility in Rural America, looked at how youth in the rural United States use media to negotiate their identities, local belonging, and connections to broader, political communities. Mary’s current project combines ethnography, interviews, and survey data with large-scale platform transaction data to understand the impact of automation on the future of work and workers’ lives. Mary’s research has been covered in the popular press, including The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and the Guardian. She served on the American Anthropological Association’s Executive Board and chaired its 113th Annual Meeting. Mary currently sits on the Executive Board of Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R). In 2017, Mary joined Stanford University’s “One-Hundred-Year Study on Artificial Intelligence” (AI100), looking at the future of AI and its policy implications.

Ben Green

Ben Green studies the intersections of data science with law, policy, and social science, with a focus on cities. He is a PhD Candidate in Applied Math at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and a Fellow at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. Ben's research focuses on the uses of data and technology by city governments; the intersection of data, algorithms, and social justice; and the impacts of algorithms and technology on society. He is currently writing a book about the politics and sociology of smart cities. Outside of academica, Ben has extensive experience working in municipal government. He recently spent a year working for the Citywide Analytics Team in the City of Boston, where he developed analytics to improve public safety operations and civic engagement strategies for the City’s new open data program. Ben previously worked as a Fellow at the Eric and Wendy Schmidt Data Science for Social Good Summer Fellowship, and partnered with the City of Memphis, TN using machine learning to identify blighted homes. He also worked for a year at the New Haven Department of Transportation, Traffic, and Parking. Ben completed his undergraduate degree in Mathematics & Physics at Yale College. His graduate work has been funded by the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship and the Herbert Winokur SEAS Graduate Fellowship.

Jenn Halen

Jenn Halen is a fellow at the Berkman Klein Center. She works on research and community activities for the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Initiative. Jenn is a doctoral candidate in Political Science at the University of Minnesota and a former National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow. Her research broadly focuses on the ways that new and emerging technologies influence, and are influenced by, politics. She will study the complex social and political implications of advanced machine learning and artificial intelligence, especially as it relates to issues of governance. She also works on issues of cyber security, human rights, and social justice. Jenn enjoys ballet, almost everything geek-related, and good vegan food.  She makes excellent vegan mac and cheese, and she will probably tell you about it.

Jenny Korn

Jenny Korn is an activist of color for social justice and scholar of race, gender, and media with academic training in communication, sociology, theater, public policy, and gender studies from Princeton, Harvard, Northwestern, and the University of Illinois at Chicago. She will examine identity and representation through online and in-person discourses, focusing on how popular concepts of race and gender are influenced by digital interactions, political protest, and institutional kyriarchy.

Kathy Pham

Kathy Pham is a computer scientist, cancer patient sidekick, product manager, and leader with a love for developing products, operations, hacking bureaucracy, building and and leading teams, all things data, healthcare, and weaving public service and advocacy into all aspects of  life.  As a 2017-2018 fellow at the Berkman Klein Center, Kathy will explore artificial intelligence, and the ethics and social impact responsibility of engineers when writing code and shipping products. Most recently, Kathy was a founding product and engineering member of the of the United States Digital Service, a tech startup in government at the White House, where she led and contributed to public services across the Veterans Affairs, Department of Defense, Talent, and Precision Medicine. She sits on the advisory boards of the Anita Borg Institute local, and the “Make the Breast Pump Not Suck” initiative. Previously, Kathy held a variety of roles in product, engineering, and data science at Google, IBM, and Harris Healthcare Solutions. In the non-work world, Kathy founded the Cancer Sidekick Foundation to spread Leukemia knowledge and build a cancer community, started Google's First Internal Business Intelligence Summit, founded Atlanta United For Sight, placed first at the Imagine Cup competition (basically the World Cup but for tech geeks) representing the United States with a news Sentiment Analysis engine, spoke at the White House State of STEM 2015, and invited as of First Lady Michelle Obama’s Guest at the 2015 State of the Union address. She has also been spotted at the gaming finals for the After Hours Gaming League for StarCraft II, speaking at tech conferences, and hosting food themed Formula 1 Racing hangouts. Kathy holds a Bachelors and Masters of Computer Science from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, Georgia, and from Supelec in Metz, France.

Luke Stark

Luke Stark is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Sociology at Dartmouth College, and studies the intersections of digital media and behavioral science. Luke’s work at the Berkman Klein Center will explore the ways in which psychological techniques are incorporated into social media platforms, mobile apps, and artificial intelligence (AI) systems — and how these behavioral technologies affect human privacy, emotional expression, and digital labor. His scholarship highlights the asymmetries of power, access and justice that are emerging as these systems are deployed in the world, and the social and political challenges that technologists, policymakers, and the wider public will face as a result. Luke holds a PhD from the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University, and an Honours BA and MA from the University of Toronto; he has been a Fellow of the NYU School of Law’s Information Law Institute (ILI), and an inaugural Fellow with the University of California Berkeley’s Center for Technology, Society, and Policy (CTSP). He tweets @luke_stark; learn more at https://starkcontrast.co.

Salome Viljoen

Salome is a Fellow in the Privacy Initiatives Project at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. Salome’s professional interest is the intersection between privacy, technology and inequality. Before coming to the Berkman Center, Salome was an associate at Fenwick & West, LLP, where she worked with technology company clients on a broad variety of matters. She has a JD from Harvard Law School, an MsC from the London School of Economics, and a BA in Political Economy from Georgetown University. In her spare time, she enjoys reading, gardening, and hanging out with her cat.

by candersen at April 17, 2018 05:28 PM

April 16, 2018

MediaBerkman
THEFT! A History of Music
Again and again there have been attempts to police music; to restrict borrowing and cultural cross-fertilization. But music builds on itself. To those who think that mash-ups and sampling started with YouTube or the DJ’s turntables, it might be shocking to find that musicians have been borrowing — extensively borrowing — from each other since music began. Then why try to stop that process? The reasons varied. Philosophy, religion, politics, race — again and again, race — and law. And because music affects us so deeply, those struggles were passionate ones. They still are. Professors James Boyle and Jennifer Jenkins (Duke Law School) discuss Theft! A History of Music, their graphic novel about musical borrowing. Learn more about this event here: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/04/Boyle

by the Berkman Klein Center at April 16, 2018 06:09 PM

April 15, 2018

John Palfrey
Head of School Bookshelf, 2017-2018

Each term as head of school at Phillips Academy, I’ve put out a series of books for the faculty to enjoy.  Colleagues are free to keep the books, pass them along to others, or bring them back to the bookshelf in the head of school’s office.  I choose titles that relate in one way or another to the mission of our school and conversations underway on our campus.  I thought I’d post the list for all three terms at once this year:

Spring, 2018 main selections:

Julia Alvarez (Abbot Academy ’67), In the Time of the Butterflies (Algonquin, Reprint edition, 2010)

Mary Beard, Women and Power (Liveright, 2017)

Yaa Gyasi, Homegoing (Vintage, Reprint edition, 2017)

Chris Hughes (Phillips Academy ’02), Fair Shot: Rethinking Inequality and How We Earn (St. Martin’s Press, 2018).

Alex Soojung Kim Pang, Rest: Why You Get More Done When You Work Less (Basic Books, 2016)

David Schwartz (Phillips Academy ’72), The Last Man Who Knew Everything: The Life and Times of Enrico Fermi, Father of The Nuclear Age (Basic Books, 2017)

Bonus choices for Spring 2018 (a few copies of each set out for faculty):

Danielle Allen, Our Declaration: A Reading of the Declaration of Independence in Defense of Equality (Liveright, 2015) (we bought 1000+ copies to share with all on campus interested in reading it in advance of Prof. Allen’s May 9, 2018 All School Meeting, one in the year-long series of discussions of citizenship)

Malinda S. Blustain and Ryan Wheeler, Glory, Trouble, and Renaissance at the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology (University of Nebraska Press, 2018) (Congrats to the team at the Peabody!)

Michael Lewis, Coach: Lessons on the Game of Life (W.W. Norton, Reprint edition 2008)

Craig A. Miller, This is How it Feels (CreateSpace, 2012) (trigger warning: about surviving suicide; mentioned by Riverside Trauma Center suicide prevention trainings on our campus.)

Winter 2018 Main Selections:

Ta-Nehisi Coates, We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy (One World, 2017)

Jeffrey J. Froh and Giacometti Bono, Making Grateful Kids: The Science of Building Character (Templeton Press, 2015) (h/t to faculty member Allen Grimm who gave me an inscribed copy)

Julie Lythcott-Haims, Real American: A Memoir (Henry Holt, 2017)

Ben Sasse, The Vanishing American Adult: Our Coming-of-Age Crisis and How to Rebuild a Culture of Self-Reliance (St. Martin’s Press, 2017) (editorial comment: I think it is safe to say that this book has not resonated as fully with our faculty as many of the other titles I offered have.  I thought the perspective of a Republican US Senator on raising young people in this country was worth offering all the same.)

George Saunders, Lincoln in the Bardo: A Novel (Random House, 2017)

Eli Shafak, Three Daughters of Eve (Bloomsbury USA, 2017)

Winter 2018 Bonus Selection:

Claudia Rankine, Citizen: An American Lyric (Graywolf Press, 2014) (this book appeared on a previous HOS Bookshelf as careful watchers of this space will recall; Prof. Rankine spoke at Andover in January as part of our MLK, Jr., Day celebration)

Fall 2017 Main Selections:

Danielle Allen, Cuz: The Life and Times of Michael A. (Liveright, 2017)

Robert Gottlieb, Avid Reader: A Life (FSG, 2016)

Ian Haney Lopez, Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class (Oxford University Press, 2015, rev. ed.)

John McPhee, Draft No. 4: On the Writing Process (FSG, 2017)

Jessica Shattuck, The Women in the Castle (William Morrow, 2017)

Fall 2017 Bonus Selections:

Angela Duckworth, Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance (Scribner, 2016) (why: previously on HOS bookshelf; brought back with additional copies given her visit to campus early in the Fall)

Erwin Chemerinsky & Howard Gilman, Free Speech on Campus (Yale University Press, 2017) (why: alternate take on the book I just wrote)

Sigal Ben-Kamath, Free Speech on Campus (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017) (why: ditto)

I also put out copies of the book I wrote, called Safe Spaces, Brave Spaces: Diversity and Free Expression in Education (MIT Press, 2017).

by jgpalfrey at April 15, 2018 09:08 PM

Berkman Center front page
Force of Nature

Subtitle

Celebrating 20 Years of the Laws of Cyberspace

Teaser

Join us as we celebrate 20 years of the Laws of Cyberspace and the ways in which it laid the groundwork for our Center's field of study.

Event Date

Apr 16 2018 4:00pm to Apr 16 2018 4:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Monday, April 16, 2018 at 4:00 pm 
Harvard Law School

Audio and video from this event will be available shortly

 

Celebrating 20 years of the Laws of Cyberspace and how it laid the groundwork for Berkman Klein Center's field of study.

 

Please join us as we recognize the 20th anniversary of the paper The Laws of Cyberspace (Taipei March '98) by Professor Lawrence Lessig. Join Professor Lessig, the Roy L. Furman Professor of Law and Leadership at Harvard Law School, along with Professor Ruth L. Okediji, the Jeremiah Smith, Jr. Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and Co-Director of the Berkman Klein Center, and Dr. Laura DeNardis, Professor in the School of Communication at American University, with moderator, Professor Jonathan Zittrain, the George Bemis Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Director of the Harvard Law School Library, and Faculty Director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society. 

About Professor Lessig

Lawrence Lessig is the Roy L. Furman Professor of Law and Leadership at Harvard Law School. Prior to rejoining the Harvard faculty, Lessig was a professor at Stanford Law School, where he founded the school’s Center for Internet and Society, and at the University of Chicago. He clerked for Judge Richard Posner on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals and Justice Antonin Scalia on the United States Supreme Court. Lessig serves on the Board of the AXA Research Fund, and on the advisory boards of Creative Commons and the Sunlight Foundation. He is a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Association, and has received numerous awards, including the Free Software Foundation’s Freedom Award, Fastcase 50 Award and being named one of Scientific American’s Top 50 Visionaries. Lessig holds a BA in economics and a BS in management from the University of Pennsylvania, an MA in philosophy from Cambridge, and a JD from Yale.

About Professor Okediji

Ruth L. Okediji is the Jeremiah Smith. Jr, Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and Co-Director of the Berkman Klein Center. A renowned scholar in international intellectual property (IP) law and a foremost authority on the role of intellectual property in social and economic development, Professor Okediji has advised inter-governmental organizations, regional economic communities, and national governments on a range of matters related to technology, innovation policy, and development. Her widely cited scholarship on IP and development has influenced government policies in sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America, and South America. Her ideas have helped shape national strategies for the implementation of the WTO's Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement). She works closely with several United Nations agencies, research centers, and international organizations on the human development effects of international IP policy, including access to knowledge, access to essential medicines and issues related to indigenous innovation systems.

About Dr. DeNardis

Dr. Laura DeNardis is a globally recognized Internet governance scholar and a Professor in the School of Communication at American University in Washington, DC. She also serves as Faculty Director of the Internet Governance Lab at American University. Her books include The Global War for Internet Governance (Yale University Press 2014); Opening Standards: The Global Politics of Interoperability (MIT Press 2011); Protocol Politics: The Globalization of Internet Governance (MIT Press 2009); Information Technology in Theory (Thompson 2007 with Pelin Aksoy), and a new co-edited book The Turn to Infrastructure in Internet Governance (Palgrave 2016). With a background in information engineering and a doctorate in Science and Technology Studies (STS), her research studies the social and political implications of Internet technical architecture and governance. 

She is an affiliated fellow of the Yale Law School Information Society Project and served as its Executive Director from 2008-2011. She is an adjunct Senior Research Scholar in the faculty of international and public affairs at Columbia University and a frequent keynote speaker at the world’s most prestigious universities and institutions. She has previously taught at New York University and Yale Law School. 

About Professor Zittrain

Jonathan Zittrain is the George Bemis Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at the Harvard Law School Library, and co-founder of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society.  His research interests include battles for control of digital property and content, cryptography, electronic privacy, the roles of intermediaries within Internet architecture, human computing, and the useful and unobtrusive deployment of technology in education.

He performed the first large-scale tests of Internet filtering in China and Saudi Arabia, and as part of the OpenNet Initiative co-edited a series of studies of Internet filtering by national governments: Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet FilteringAccess Controlled: The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace; and Access Contested: Security, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace.

He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Board of Advisors for Scientific American.  He has served as a Trustee of the Internet Society and as a Forum Fellow of the World Economic Forum, which named him a Young Global Leader. He was a Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the Federal Communications Commission, and previously chaired the FCC’s Open Internet Advisory Committee. His book The Future of the Internet -- And How to Stop Itpredicted the end of general purpose client computing and the corresponding rise of new gatekeepers.  That and other works may be found at <http://www.jz.org>.

Links

by candersen at April 15, 2018 09:07 PM

April 12, 2018

Justin Reich
Pockets of Innovation - The Quest for Inspired Learning
Though most examples of innovation highlight big projects or new courses, inspired learning may occur in more subtle, nuanced ways.

by Beth Holland at April 12, 2018 06:19 PM

MediaBerkman
Remedies for Cyber Defamation: Criminal Libel, Anti-Speech Injunctions, Forgeries, Frauds, and More
“Cheap speech” has massively increased ordinary people’s access to mass communications — both for good and for ill. How has the system of remedies for defamatory, privacy-invading, and harassing speech reacted? Some ways are predictable; some are surprising; some are shocking. Prof. Eugene Volokh (UCLA) lays it all out. Learn more about this event here: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/04/Volokh

by the Berkman Klein Center at April 12, 2018 04:52 PM

April 11, 2018

Cyberlaw Clinic - blog
The Cyberlaw Clinic Prepares for Final Stage in 1201 Exemption Proceedings

Still of YouTube Video of Section 1201 RoundtablesThe Cyberlaw Clinic is preparing for the last segment in the seventh triennial proceeding for exemptions to the anti-circumvention clause of the DMCA—the oral hearings, which are to be held on April 12th, at 2:00 p.m. ET in Washington, D.C and will be livestreamed online here.  At this hearing, there will be two panels of testifying witnesses—one in support of the exemption, the other in opposition—appearing before a panel of Copyright Office representatives. The Clinic is coordinating the efforts of the supporting experts, which includes Cyberlaw Clinic Instructional Fellow Kendra Albert, Jessica Meyerson of the Software Preservation Network, Henry Lowood of the Stanford University Libraries, Lyndsey Jane Moulds of Rhizome at the New Museum, and Jonathan Band of the Library Copyright Alliance. The majority of the time will be spent addressing specific questions posed by the Copyright Office during the hearing.

These upcoming oral hearings follow the last round of comments, for which the Cyberlaw Clinic filed a reply comment on behalf of the Software Preservation Network. (Thank you to Austin Bohn, Erin Thomas, and Erika Herrera for their hard work on the reply comment.)

The comment focused on responding to arguments and objections raised by the plethora of opposition comments submitted on February 12th. The opposition comments were an opportunity for parties opposing the exemption to submit arguments following the initial comment submitted in December. Hearteningly, opponents generally agreed that the preservation of digital works is a worthwhile effort and that current systems are ineffective. To that end, there was general support for an exemption to further enable software preservation, but the disagreement came in the practical details and scope of the proposed exemption.

In its reply, the Clinic continued to emphasize the urgent need to preserve the software and digital works that are continually becoming more vital parts of society. As mentioned in a prior blog post,  software loss is an urgent problem that is only worsening as new content and information are “born digital.” The research and study of software history, the development of future software, and the preservation of software-dependent works rely on the institutions that engage in software archival pursuits.

Narrowing the exemption

The class of works proposed in the original comment was limited by both use and user, requiring the user be a library, museum, archive, or other cultural heritage institution using it for the purposes of preservation.  But in order to further address the opponents’ concerns that the exemption is too broad, the Clinic proposed a compromise: limiting the class of works to software that is “no longer reasonably available in the marketplace.” Adding this constraint reduces the number of works covered by the exemption to those most urgently in need of preservation and reduces the already minimal risk of market impact. Meanwhile, it remains a workable standard that preservationists can easily apply to digital works—an important characteristic to enable their urgent work.

The Clinic further argued that the exemption for software preservation should include all software, including video games, despite pushback from the the Entertainment Software Association. In both the original comment and the recent reply, the Clinic provided examples of non-infringing preservation activities regarding video games that are not covered under the existing video game exemption. The proposed exemption should apply to video games that are not covered under an existing exemption, so long as the other limitations of exemption are met. Overall, the Clinic proposed a compromise in an effort to address the concerns of the opposition while advocating for a workable and sustainable standard that gives certainty to preservationists as they apply it to digital works.

In addition to considering the class of works that the exemption applies to, the exemption is also limited to non-infringing uses of those works.  The Clinic argued that many activities undertaken by cultural institutions to preserve software are fair use, and as such, the software preservation exemption should not be limited to the contours of § 108. The opposition comments did not provide any contrary doctrinal analysis, instead focusing on the breadth of the proposed exemption.

In sum, the reply brief focused on responding to the oppositions’ concerns and identifying compromises where possible. Ultimately, the Clinic is most concerned about obtaining an exemption that enables traditionally conservative, risk-averse software preservationists to focus on their important—and urgent—work of software preservation rather than worry about their potential legal liability.

Next Steps for the Cyberlaw Clinic

The upcoming oral hearing is the final formal stage in the exemption proceedings and the only opportunity for opponents to respond to the final reply comment submitted by the Clinic. After concluding the hearings, the Register will produce a recommendation that influences the Librarian’s Final Decision, both of which are anticipated to be published in early fall of this year.

 

by Clinic Staff at April 11, 2018 02:19 PM

April 10, 2018

Berkman Center front page
THEFT! A History of Music

Subtitle

Professors James Boyle and Jennifer Jenkins (Duke Law School) discuss Theft! A History of Music, their graphic novel about musical borrowing.

Teaser

Theft! A History of Music is a graphic novel laying out a 2000-year long history of musical borrowing from Plato to rap.

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Apr 10 2018 12:00pm to Apr 10 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, April 10, 2018 at 12:00 pm

You can download the book here.

This comic book lays out 2000 years of musical history. A neglected part of musical history. Again and again there have been attempts to police music; to restrict borrowing and cultural cross-fertilization. But music builds on itself. To those who think that mash-ups and sampling started with YouTube or the DJ’s turntables, it might be shocking to find that musicians have been borrowing—extensively borrowing—from each other since music began. Then why try to stop that process? The reasons varied. Philosophy, religion, politics, race—again and again, race—and law. And because music affects us so deeply, those struggles were passionate ones. They still are.

The history in this book runs from Plato to Blurred Lines and beyond. You will read about the Holy Roman Empire’s attempts to standardize religious music with the first great musical technology (notation) and the inevitable backfire of that attempt. You will read about troubadours and church composers, swapping tunes (and remarkably profane lyrics), changing both religion and music in the process. You will see diatribes against jazz for corrupting musical culture, against rock and roll for breaching the color-line. You will learn about the lawsuits that, surprisingly, shaped rap. You will read the story of some of music’s iconoclasts—from Handel and Beethoven to Robert JohnsonChuck BerryLittle RichardRay Charles, the British Invasion and Public Enemy.

To understand this history fully, one has to roam wider still—into musical technologies from notation to the sample deck, aesthetics, the incentive systems that got musicians paid, and law’s 250 year struggle to assimilate music, without destroying it in the process. Would jazz, soul or rock and roll be legal if they were reinvented today? We are not sure and that seems...  worrying.

About James

James Boyle is William Neal Reynolds Professor of Law at Duke Law School and the former Chairman of the Board of Creative Commons. He has written for The New York TimesThe Financial TimesNewsweek and many other newspapers and magazines. His other books include The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the MindShamans, Software and Spleens: Law and the Construction of the Information Society, and Bound By Law a comic book about fair use, copyright and creativity (with Jennifer Jenkins).  

About Jennifer

Jennifer Jenkins is a Clinical Professor of Law at Duke Law School and the Director of the Center for the Study of the Public Domain. Apart from her legal qualifications, she also plays the piano and holds an MA in English from Duke University, where she studied creative writing with the late Reynolds Price and Milton with Stanley Fish. Her most recent book is Intellectual Property: Cases and Materials (3rd ed, 2016) (with James Boyle). Her recent articles include In Ambiguous Battle: The Promise (and Pathos) of Public Domain Day, and Last Sale? Libraries’ Rights in the Digital Age.

 Links

Download original audio or video from this event.

Subscribe to the Berkman Klein events series podcast.

by candersen at April 10, 2018 05:10 PM

April 09, 2018

Center for Research on Computation and Society (Harvard SEAS)
Postdoctoral Fellow Berk Ustun has Paper Accepted at International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT 2018)
April 2, 2018

CRCS Postdoctoral Fellow Berk Ustun has had a paper accepted at the International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT 2018). This is Ustun's first paper published in conjunction with his collaborators at Harvard. Congratulations, Berk!

On the Direction of Discrimination: An Information-Theoretic Analysis of Disparate Impact in Machine Learning. Hao Wang, Berk Ustun, and Flavio P. Calmon. ISIT 2018. ...

Read more about Postdoctoral Fellow Berk Ustun has Paper Accepted at International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT 2018)

by Gabriella Fee at April 09, 2018 07:36 PM

Takis Metaxas Named Faculty Director of the Albright Institute for Global Affairs at Wellesley College
April 1, 2018

CRCS Affiliate Takis Metaxas has been named the Faculty Director of the Albright Institute for Global Affairs at Wellesley College.

Metaxas is currently serving as Co-Chair of the Web Conference's alternative track on "Journalism, Misinformation, and Fact Checking," to be held in Lyon, France, on April 23rd...

Read more about Takis Metaxas Named Faculty Director of the Albright Institute for Global Affairs at Wellesley College

by Gabriella Fee at April 09, 2018 07:29 PM

Berkman Center front page
Remedies for Cyber Defamation: Criminal Libel, Anti-Speech Injunctions, Forgeries, Frauds, and More

Subtitle

Featuring Professor Eugene Volokh, UCLA School of Law

Teaser

“Cheap speech” has massively increased ordinary people’s access to mass communications -- both for good and for ill. How has the system of remedies for defamatory, privacy-invading, and harassing speech reacted? Some ways are predictable; some are surprising; some are shocking. Prof. Eugene Volokh (UCLA) will lay it out at a special Berkman Klein Luncheon on Monday, April 9th. Please join us!

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Apr 9 2018 12:00pm to Apr 9 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Monday, April 9, 2018 at 12:00 pm

This event is sponsored by Lumen, a project of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University.

“Cheap speech” has massively increased ordinary people’s access to mass communications -- both for good and for ill.  How has the system of remedies for defamatory, privacy-invading, and harassing speech reacted?  Some ways are predictable; some are surprising; some are shocking. Prof. Eugene Volokh (UCLA) lays it all out. 

About Professor Volokh

Eugene Volokh teaches free speech law, tort law, religious freedom law, church-state relations law, and a First Amendment amicus brief clinic at UCLA School of Law, where he has also often taught copyright law, criminal law, and a seminar on firearms regulation policy. Before coming to UCLA, he clerked for Justice Sandra Day O'Connor on the U.S. Supreme Court and for Judge Alex Kozinski on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Volokh is the author of the textbooks The First Amendment and Related Statutes (5th ed. 2013), The Religion Clauses and Related Statutes (2005), and Academic Legal Writing (4th ed. 2010), as well as over 75 law review articles and over 80 op-eds, listed below. He is a member of The American Law Institute, a member of the American Heritage Dictionary Usage Panel, and the founder and coauthor of The Volokh Conspiracy, a Weblog that gets about 35-40,000 pageviews per weekday. He is among the five most cited then-under-45 faculty members listed in the Top 25 Law Faculties in Scholarly Impact, 2005-2009 study, and among the forty most cited faculty members on that list without regard to age. These citation counts refer to citations in law review articles, but his works have also been cited by courts. Six of his law review articles have been cited by opinions of the Supreme Court Justices; twenty-nine of his works (mostly articles but also a textbook, an op-ed, and a blog post) have been cited by federal circuit courts; and several others have been cited by district courts or state courts.

Volokh is also an Academic Affiliate for the Mayer Brown LLP law firm; he generally consults on other lawyers' cases, but he has argued before the Seventh Circuit, the Ninth Circuit, the Indiana Supreme Court, and the Nebraska Supreme Court, and has also filed briefs in the U.S. Supreme Court, in the Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Eleventh, and D.C. Circuits, and state appellate courts in California, Michigan, New Mexico, and Texas.

Volokh worked for 12 years as a computer programmer. He graduated from UCLA with a B.S. in math-computer science at age 15, and has written many articles on computer software. Volokh was born in the USSR; his family emigrated to the U.S. when he was seven years old.

About Lumen

Lumen is an independent 3rd party research project studying cease and desist letters concerning online content. We collect and analyze requests to remove material from the web. Our goals are to educate the public, to facilitate research about the different kinds of complaints and requests for removal--both legitimate and questionable--that are being sent to Internet publishers and service providers, and to provide as much transparency as possible about the “ecology” of such notices, in terms of who is sending them and why, and to what effect.

Our database contains millions of notices, some of them with valid legal basis, some of them without, and some on the murky border. Our posting of a notice does not indicate a judgment among these possibilities, nor are we authenticating the provenance of notices or making any judgment on the validity of the claims they raise.

Lumen is a unique collaboration among law school clinics and the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Conceived and developed at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society (now the Berkman Klein Center) by then-Berkman Fellow Wendy Seltzer, Lumen was nurtured with help from law clinics at Harvard, Berkeley, Stanford, University of San Francisco, University of Maine, George Washington School of Law, and Santa Clara University School of Law.

Lumen is supported by gifts from Google. All individual and corporate donors to the Berkman Klein Center agree to contribute their funds as gifts rather than grants, for which there are no promised products, results, or deliverables.

Download original audio or video from this event.

Subscribe to the Berkman Klein events series podcast.

 

by candersen at April 09, 2018 04:00 PM

MediaBerkman
The Right of Publicity: Privacy Reimagined for a Public World
Who controls how one's identity is used by others? This legal question, centuries old, demands greater scrutiny in the Internet Age. Jennifer Rothman uses the right of publicity — a little-known law, often wielded by celebrities — to answer that question not just for the famous, but for everyone. For more on this event visit: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/04/Rothman

by the Berkman Klein Center at April 09, 2018 03:36 PM

April 06, 2018

Justin Reich
From Educational Innovation to Inspired Learning
Whether defined as "innovation" or "inspired learning," the resulting experience encourages students to own their identities as learners.

by Beth Holland at April 06, 2018 04:47 PM

Jonathan Zittrain
A novel way of defending against mass uses of our data
AI is getting better at performing mass categorization of photos and text. A developer can scrape a bunch of photos from, say, Facebook — either directly, likely violating the terms of service, or through offering an app by which people consent to the access — and then use a well-trained categorizer to automatically discern ethnicity, […]

by z at April 06, 2018 03:55 PM

April 04, 2018

Benjamin Mako Hill
UW Stationery in LaTeX

The University of Washington’s brand page recently started publishing letterhead templates that departments and faculty can use for official communication. Unfortunately, they only provide them in Microsoft Word DOCX format.

Because my research group works in TeX for everything, Sayamindu Dasgupta and I worked together to create a LaTeX version of the “Matrix Department Signature Template” (the DOCX file is available here). We figured other folks at UW might be interested in it as well.

The best way to get the template to use it yourself is to clone it from git (git clone git://code.communitydata.cc/uw_tex_letterhead.git). If you notice issues or if you want to create branches with either of the other two types of official UW stationary, patches are always welcome (instructions on how to make and send patches is here)!

Because the template relies on two OpenType fonts, it requires XeTeX. A detailed list of the dependencies is provided in the README file. We’ve only run it on GNU/Linux (Debian and Arch) but it should work well on any operating system that can run XeTeX as well as web-based TeX systems like ShareLaTeX.

And although we created the template, keep in mind that we don’t manage UW’s brand identity in anyway. If you have any questions or concerns about if and when you should use the letterhead, you should contact brand and creative services with the contact information on the stationery page.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at April 04, 2018 06:53 PM

Berkman Center front page
Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics

Teaser

This timely, groundbreaking volume explores key questions from a variety of perspectives, examining how law promotes or discourages the use of big data in the health care sphere, and also what we can learn from other sectors.

Publication Date

1 Apr 2018

Thumbnail Image: 

 

Edited by I. Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Effy Vayena, and Urs Gasser
Cambridge University Press,  March 2018

About the Book:

When data from all aspects of our lives can be relevant to our health - from our habits at the grocery store and our Google searches to our FitBit data and our medical records - can we really differentiate between big data and health big data? Will health big data be used for good, such as to improve drug safety, or ill, as in insurance discrimination? Will it disrupt health care (and the health care system) as we know it? Will it be possible to protect our health privacy? What barriers will there be to collecting and utilizing health big data? What role should law play, and what ethical concerns may arise? This timely, groundbreaking volume explores these questions and more from a variety of perspectives, examining how law promotes or discourages the use of big data in the health care sphere, and also what we can learn from other sectors.

This edited volume stems from the Petrie-Flom Center’s 2016 annual conference, organized in collaboration with the Berkman Klein Center and the Health Ethics and Policy Lab, University of Zurich which brought together leading experts to identify the various ways in which law and ethics intersect with the use of big data in health care and health research, particularly in the United States; understand the way U.S. law (and potentially other legal systems) currently promotes or stands as an obstacle to these potential uses; determine what might be learned from the legal and ethical treatment of uses of big data in other sectors and countries; and examine potential solutions (industry best practices, common law, legislative, executive, domestic and international) for better use of big data in health care and health research in the U.S.

 

Producer Intro

Authored by

by gweber at April 04, 2018 02:03 AM

April 03, 2018

Berkman Center front page
Practical Approaches to Big Data Privacy Over Time

Teaser

This article analyzes how privacy risks multiply as large quantities of personal data are collected over longer periods of time, draws attention to the relative weakness of data protections in the corporate and public sectors, and provides practical recommendations for protecting privacy when collecting and managing commercial and government data over extended periods of time.

Publication Date

12 Mar 2018

Thumbnail Image: 

Authored by Micah Altman, Alexandra Wood, David O’Brien, and Urs Gasser

The Berkman Klein Center is pleased to announce a new publication from the Privacy Tools project, authored by a multidisciplinary group of project collaborators from the Berkman Klein Center and the Program on Information Science at MIT Libraries. This article, titled "Practical approaches to big data privacy over time," analyzes how privacy risks multiply as large quantities of personal data are collected over longer periods of time, draws attention to the relative weakness of data protections in the corporate and public sectors, and provides practical recommendations for protecting privacy when collecting and managing commercial and government data over extended periods of time.

Increasingly, corporations and governments are collecting, analyzing, and sharing detailed information about individuals over long periods of time. Vast quantities of data from new sources and novel methods for large-scale data analysis are yielding deeper understandings of individuals’ characteristics, behavior, and relationships. It is now possible to measure human activity at more frequent intervals, collect and store data relating to longer periods of activity, and analyze data long after they were collected. These developments promise to advance the state of science, public policy, and innovation. At the same time, they are creating heightened privacy risks, by increasing the potential to link data to individuals and apply data to new uses that were unanticipated at the time of collection. Moreover, these risks multiply rapidly, through the combination of long-term data collection and accumulations of increasingly “broad” data measuring dozens or even thousands of attributes relating to an individual.

Existing regulatory requirements and privacy practices in common use are not sufficient to address the risks associated with long-term, large-scale data activities. In practice, organizations often rely on a limited subset of controls, such as notice and consent or de-identification, rather than drawing from the wide range of privacy interventions available. There is a growing recognition that privacy policies often do not adequately inform individuals about how their data will be used, especially over the long term. The expanding scale of personal data collection and storage is eroding the feasibility and effectiveness of techniques that aim to protect privacy simply by removing identifiable information.

Recent concerns about commercial and government big data programs parallel earlier conversations regarding the risks associated with long-term human subjects research studies. For decades, researchers and institutional review boards have intensively studied long-term data privacy risks and developed practices that address many of the challenges associated with assessing risk, obtaining informed consent, and handling data responsibly. Longitudinal research data carry risks similar to those associated with personal data held by corporations and governments. However, in general, personal information is protected more strongly when used in research than when it is used in commercial and public sectors—even in cases where the risks and uses are nearly identical.

Combining traditional privacy approaches with additional safeguards identified from exemplar practices in long-term longitudinal research and new methods emerging from the privacy literature can offer more robust privacy protection. Corporations and governments may consider adopting review processes like those implemented by research ethics boards to systematically analyze the risks and benefits associated with data collection, retention, use, and disclosure over time. Rather than relying on a single intervention such as de-identification or consent, corporate and government actors may explore new procedural, legal, and technical tools for evaluating and mitigating risk, balancing privacy and utility, and providing enhanced transparency, review, accountability, as potential components of data management programs. Adopting new technological solutions to privacy can help ensure stronger privacy protection for individuals and adaptability to respond to emerging sophisticated attacks on data privacy. Risks associated with long-term big data management can be mitigated by combining sets of privacy and security controls, such as notice and consent, de-identification, ethical review processes, differential privacy, and secure data enclaves, when tailored to risk the factors present in a specific case and informed by the state of the art and practice.

This article was published by Oxford University Press in International Data Privacy Law, available at https://doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipx027. The research underlying this article was presented at the 2016 Brussels Privacy Symposium on Identifiability: Policy and Practical Solutions for Anonymization and Pseudonymization, hosted by the Brussels Privacy Hub of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the Future of Privacy Forum, on November 8, 2016. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS-1237235, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, or the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

About the Privacy Tools for Sharing Research Data Project
Funded by the National Science Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Privacy Tools for Sharing Research Data project is a collaboration between the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, the Center for Research on Computation and Society (CRCS), the Institute for Quantitative Social Science, and the Data Privacy Lab at Harvard University, as well as the Program on Information Science at MIT Libraries, that seeks to develop methods, tools, and policies to facilitate the sharing of data while preserving individual privacy and data utility.

Executive Director and Harvard Law School Professor of Practice Urs Gasser leads the Berkman Klein Center's role in this exciting initiative, which brings the Center's institutional knowledge and practical experience to help tackle the legal and policy-based issues in the larger project.

More information about the project is available on the official project website.

 

Producer Intro

Authored by

by gweber at April 03, 2018 07:15 PM

Justin Reich
How to Assess What We Value
The way we assess our students signals to them what we value. If we say that we value risk-taking and innovation, but exclusively use traditional forms of grading that deduct points for less than perfect work, then our grading belies our words.

by Douglas Kiang at April 03, 2018 06:10 PM

Berkman Center front page
The Right of Publicity: Privacy Reimagined for a Public World

Subtitle

featuring author, Jennifer E. Rothman, Professor of Law and Joseph Scott Fellow, Loyola Law School

Teaser

Jennifer E. Rothman will be talking about her book, The Right of Publicity: Privacy Reimagined for a Public World (Harvard University Press 2018). She challenges the conventional story of the right of publicity's development, and questions the transformation of people into intellectual property.

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Apr 3 2018 12:00pm to Apr 3 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, April 3, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University

In today’s world where little remains private, Jennifer E. Rothman, Professor of Law and Joseph Scott Fellow at Loyola Law School, sees the right of publicity as something that could provide relief where today’s version of the right of privacy has failed to do so. The right of publicity, which typically protects the defendant, stops others from using a person’s name, likeness, or certain additional aspects of their identity.

A myth exists that the right of publicity began in “opposition” to the right of privacy. Based on archival research, Rothman has found that this is not true. Rather, Rothman claims, publicity has done privacy’s work right from the very beginning. The central difference between the two was the fact that the right of privacy was transferable, which benefits corporations and third parties, whereas the right of publicity originally was not.

However, as the right of publicity “lost its way” it shifted its focus from the individual and towards an intellectual property frame. Thus, Rothman recognizes three dangers to the right of publicity, describing it in its current state as a “bloated monster.”

The first danger to the right of publicity is that it has become transferable. As Rothman explains, “we’ve created a bizarre world in which our names and likenesses can be owned by someone other than ourselves.” The second danger is that it may shut down free speech; Rothman observes an increasing conflict between the first amendment and right of publicity. The third danger is that the right of publicity represents a collision with federal copyright law. The latter two dangers have concerning implications when thinking about creative artistic expression and news reporting.

Overall, Rothman is optimistic about the right of publicity, explaining that “in the years ahead, if we can solve these three major problems, the right of publicity should be a tool to protect both public and private figures.”

notes by Donica O'Malley

Event Description

Who controls how one's identity is used by others? This legal question, centuries old, demands greater scrutiny in the Internet Age. Jennifer Rothman uses the right of publicity - a little-known law, often wielded by celebrities - to answer that question not just for the famous, but for everyone. Rothman challenges the conventional story of the right of publicity's development, and questions its transformation of people into intellectual property. This shift and the right's subsequent expansion undermine individual liberty, restrict free speech, and suppress artistic works.

About Jennifer

Jennifer E. Rothman is Professor of Law and the Joseph Scott Fellow at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles.  She joined the Loyola faculty from Washington University in St. Louis, where she was an Associate Professor of Law.  Professor Rothman currently teaches Trademarks and Unfair Competition, Torts, Intellectual Property Theory and the Right of Publicity. She is an elected member of the American Law Institute and an affiliated fellow at the Yale Information Society Project at Yale Law School. 

Professor Rothman is nationally recognized for her scholarship in the intellectual property field, and has become the leading expert on the right of publicity. She researches and writes primarily in the areas of intellectual property and constitutional law. In addition to focusing on conflicts between IP rights and other constitutionally protected rights, such as the freedom of speech, her work also explores the intersections of tort and property law, particularly in the context of the right of publicity and trademark and unfair competition law. Her forthcoming book, The Right of Publicity: Privacy Reimagined for a Public World, will be published by Harvard University Press. Professor Rothman created Rothman’s Roadmap to the Right of Publicitywww.rightofpublicityroadmap.com, the go-to-website for right-of-publicity questions and news.

Rothman’s essays and articles regularly appear in top law reviews and journals, including Cornell Law Review, Georgetown Law JournalVirginia Law Review, Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy and the Stanford Law & Policy Review. She is regularly invited to speak at a variety of esteemed institutions, including Columbia, Michigan, Stanford, University of Chicago, University of Pennsylvania, U.C. Berkeley, UCLA and Yale.

Rothman received her A.B. from Princeton University where she received the Asher Hinds Book Prize and the Grace May Tilton Prize.  Rothman received an M.F.A. in film production from the University of Southern California’s School of Cinematic Arts, where she directed an award-winning documentary.  Rothman then worked in the film industry for a number of years, including positions at Paramount Pictures and Castle Rock Entertainment.

Rothman received her J.D. from UCLA, where she graduated first in her class and won the Jerry Pacht Memorial Constitutional Law Award for her scholarship in that field.  Rothman served as law clerk to the Honorable Marsha S. Berzon of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco and then practiced as an entertainment and intellectual property litigator in Los Angeles at Irell & Manella.

Links

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by candersen at April 03, 2018 05:19 PM

April 01, 2018

Benjamin Mako Hill
Workshop on Casual Inference

My research collective, the Community Data Science Collective,  just announced that we’ll be hosting a event on casual inference in online community research!

We believe this will be the first event on casual inference in any field. We look forward to relaxing our assumptions, and so much more!

by Benjamin Mako Hill at April 01, 2018 09:58 PM

March 30, 2018

MediaBerkman
Dividing Lines: Why Is Internet Access Still Considered a Luxury in America?
The online world is no longer a distinct world. It is an extension of our social, economic, and political lives. Internet access, however, is still often considered a luxury good in the United States. Millions of Americans have been priced out of, or entirely excluded from, the reach of modern internet networks. Maria Smith, an affiliate of Berkman Klein and the Cyberlaw Clinic, created a four-part documentary series to highlight these stark divides in connectivity, from Appalachia to San Francisco, and to uncover the complex web of political and economic forces behind them. Learn more about this event here: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/03/Smith

by the Berkman Klein Center at March 30, 2018 03:43 PM

March 29, 2018

Berkman Center front page
A Conversation on Data and Privacy with former Facebook GC Chris Kelly

Teaser

Chris Kelly worked extensively in developing Facebook’s early approaches to public policy challenges including privacy. This event will provide a free form discussion about Kelly’s career path, the goals of Facebook’s privacy policies, their interplay with Facebook’s business model, and strategies for implementation.

Event Date

Apr 4 2018 12:00pm to Apr 4 2018 12:00pm
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Wednesday, April 4, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus
Pound Hall, Rm 201

This event is co-sponsored by Harvard Law School's Center on the Legal Profession.

Chris Kelly worked extensively in developing Facebook’s early approaches to public policy challenges including privacy.  This event will provide a free form discussion about Kelly’s career path, the goals of Facebook’s privacy policies, their interplay with Facebook’s business model, and strategies for implementation. We will also discuss more generally the current political environment in which user-data-driven technology companies find themselves, potential re-implementation, and the possible role of domestic and international privacy regulation. Finally, we’ll find out what Kelly has been involved with since leaving Facebook professionally, politically, and personally.  Kelly will be in discussion with Prof. Ron Dolin, who is currently teaching “Law 2.0: Technology’s Impact on the Practice of Law” at HLS.

About Chris Kelly:
Chris Kelly, HLS ’97, is an entrepreneur, attorney, and activist. From September 2005 to August 2009, he served as the first General Counsel, Chief Privacy Officer and Head of Global Public Policy at Facebook. As an early leader at Facebook, he helped it grow from its college roots to the ubiquitous communications medium it is today. In 2010, Kelly was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for California Attorney General. Since his departure from Facebook and campaign for Attorney General, he has become a prominent investor in award-winning independent films, restaurants, and technology start-ups including MoviePass, Fandor, Organizer, and rentLEVER. Kelly became a co-owner of the NBA’s Sacramento Kings in May 2013.

by gweber at March 29, 2018 03:20 PM

March 27, 2018

Berkman Center front page
Dividing Lines: Why Is Internet Access Still Considered a Luxury in America?

Subtitle

featuring Maria Smith of the Berkman Klein Center

Teaser

Internet access is a major social and economic justice issue of our time. Dividing Lines, a four-part documentary video series, sheds a light on who is being left behind as big telecom flourishes.

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Mar 27 2018 12:00pm to Mar 27 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, March 27, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus

“Access to the internet is essential to modern American life,” Maria Smith explained in her recent talk. Job applications, school enrollments, efficient communication with doctors—all of these tasks now require reliable internet access. However, one in four Americans lives without a broadband connection in their home. People of color and people of low socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by this lack of access. Furthermore, the criteria for acceptable levels of internet speed are changing, as the internet continues to be a means of political participation. Upload speeds are often too slow for meaningful engagement. Those without adequate Internet access are excluded from work, educational opportunities, and civic life, meaning that they are being left behind.

Smith asks three simple questions about the persistent digital divide in the United States: who is disconnected? Where? And why? Her research has resulted in the forthcoming four-part documentary series, Dividing Lines. In her talk, Smith shared the stories of several people she has met through creating this project. For example, Anita, a farm owner in rural Tennessee, lives just outside of the bounds of Chattanooga’s publically-owned Internet service area. Legislation
that benefits telecom giants prevents the service area from expanding. So Anita spends $99 per month for satellite Internet access that barely works. In Cleveland, Ohio, Joanne worked for AT&T for 32 years. However, she lives in a redlined area that AT&T does not serve because the people in that area are considered “unprofitable.” Her remaining options for service are either too slow or too expensive.

The current state of digital inequality in the US can largely be attributed to the power of telecom corporations and their influence on both federal and local governments. In an interview from Smith’s film, Tennessee state senator Janice Bowling described the current system as a form of “crony capitalism.” Laws have been created to protect private interests, rather than for the good of the public. Moving forward, Smith argues, that the public needs to hold the FCC accountable. To become involved in digital equality activism and to find out more about the docu-series, visit Smith’s website: www.dividinglines.org.

notes by Donica O'Malley

Event Description

The online world is no longer a distinct world. It is an extension of our social, economic, and political lives. Internet access, however, is still often considered a luxury good in the United States. Millions of Americans have been priced out of, or entirely excluded from, the reach of modern internet networks. Maria Smith, an affiliate of Berkman Klein and the Cyberlaw Clinic, created a four-part documentary series to highlight these stark divides in connectivity, from Appalachia to San Francisco, and to uncover the complex web of political and economic forces behind them.   

About Maria

Maria Smith is a Project Coordinator working with Professor Susan Crawford in Harvard Law School's Cyberlaw Clinic and leading the efforts of the Responsive Communities project within Berkman Klein. She is focused on the intersection of technology deployment and social and economic justice. Maria is also a documentary filmmaker whose productions expose the impacts of and forces behind America's stark digital divides. She made her directorial debut in college with the film One Nation, Disconnected, in cooperation with the Harvard Law Documentary Studio, that details the hardship of a teenager growing up in New York City without internet access at home. Dividing Lines, a four-part series, is in production this year.   
 
Maria first joined the Berkman Klein and Harvard Law communities as an undergraduate conducting teaching, research, and project support for Professor Susan Crawford. Maria graduated from Harvard College with a B.A. in Economics. In college she was invested in work with the Global Health and AIDS Coalition and co-chaired the annual Women’s Leadership Conference. She worked as an intern for the Public Defender Service for the District of Columbia, Connecting for Good, and Morgan Stanley.
 
Download original audio or video from this event.

 

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by candersen at March 27, 2018 06:06 PM

March 26, 2018

Center for Research on Computation and Society (Harvard SEAS)
Maia Jacobs: Personalized Mobile Tools To Support Illness Trajectories

Location: 

Maxwell Dworkin 119
Abstract: Approximately half of the adult population in the United States has been diagnosed with a chronic disease, requiring healthcare to extend its reach from medical centers and into the home and everyday settings. This shift has quickly made personal health informatics, a class of tools that support individuals’ personal health management, a critical component of care. Personal health informatics is widely considered to...
Read more about Maia Jacobs: Personalized Mobile Tools To Support Illness Trajectories

by Gabriella Fee at March 26, 2018 07:52 PM

March 25, 2018

Miriam Meckel
Geheimnis Gehirn: wie werden wir in Zukunft denken?

Was wäre, wenn unser Gehirn ans Internet angeschlossen wäre? Wenn wir unsere Gedanken miteinander vernetzen und einfach teilen könnten? Wer denkt dann, und woher sollen wir das wissen? Die Antworten auf diese Fragen an eine Zukunft der superintelligenten Hirnnetzwerke und Brainchats gebe ich in meinem neuen Buch. „Mein Kopf gehört mir“ – eine Anregung zum Nachdenken über das Denken.

by Miriam Meckel at March 25, 2018 05:55 PM

March 24, 2018

Harry Lewis
A Unique Family Photo
This photo includes (I think!) all current members of the Harvard faculty whom I have taught. Thanks to everyone for making the effort to show up, and thanks to Eliza Grinnell for her typically masterful staging and camerawork!
Two questions. Am I missing anyone? And can anyone think of another Harvard professor who has had eleven of his or her students on the faculty simultaneously?


Left to right:
Peter Manuelian, Philip J. King Professor of Egyptology
Michael Mitzenmacher, Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Professor of Computer Science
Scott Kominers, Associate Professor of Business Administration
Salil Vadhan, Vicky Joseph Professor of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics
Harry Lewis, Gordon McKay Professor of Computer Science
Stuart Shieber, James O. Welch, Jr. and Virginia B. Welch Professor of Computer Science
Margo Seltzer, Herschel Smith Professor of Computer Science
David Malan, Gordon McKay Professor of the Practice of Computer Science
Rebecca Nesson, Lecturer on Computer Science
Jenny Hoffman, Professor of Physics and Applied Physics
Alexander Sasha Rush, Assistant Professor of Computer Science
Henry Leitner, Senior Lecturer on Computer Science

Everyone in the photo has a faculty appointment and took a course from me. Mitzenmacher, Vadhan, Malan, Seltzer, Nesson, Rush, and Leitner were also my TFs.


by Harry Lewis (noreply@blogger.com) at March 24, 2018 08:40 PM

March 22, 2018

Berkman Center front page
A talk with Marilù Capparelli, PhD

Subtitle

Legal Director at Google

Teaser

Please join the Harvard Italian Law Association and the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society for a discussion on several legal and regulatory issues concerning digital platforms: controversial content, brand safety, privacy and GDPR compliance, scope of removal and CJEU pending cases, tax, copyright, and antitrust enforcement.

Event Date

Apr 5 2018 12:00pm to Apr 5 2018 12:00pm
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Thursday, April  5, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus
[NEW LOCATION] Hauser Hall 104
Complimentary lunch provided

Please join the Harvard Italian Law Association and the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society for a discussion on several legal and regulatory issues concerning digital platforms: controversial content, brand safety, privacy and GDPR compliance, scope of removal and CJEU pending cases, tax, copyright, and antitrust enforcement.

Ms. Marilù Capparelli is managing director of Google Legal Department in the EMEA area. Before joining Google, she was Head of Legal and Government Affairs at eBay Inc. She is the author of several legal articles and regularly lectures in master degrees on law and technology.  She has been recently listed amongst the most influential Italian women lawyers. 

This event is being co-sponsored by the Harvard Italian Law Association at Harvard Law School and the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University.

by candersen at March 22, 2018 01:39 PM

March 15, 2018

MediaBerkman
The Accuracy, Fairness, and Limits of Predicting Recidivism
Algorithms for predicting recidivism are commonly used to assess a criminal defendant’s likelihood of committing a crime. Proponents of these systems argue that big data and advanced machine learning make these analyses more accurate and less biased than humans. In this talk researcher Julia Dressel discusses a recent study demonstrating that the widely used commercial risk assessment software COMPAS is no more accurate or fair than predictions made by people with little or no criminal justice expertise. Learn more about this event here: http://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/03/Dressel

by the Berkman Klein Center at March 15, 2018 05:03 PM

Miriam Meckel
Geheimnis Gehirn

„Immer schon war ich anfällig dafür, Dinge auszuprobieren, die mir nicht gut tun. Auch gehe ich gerne mal volles Risiko, ohne darüber nachzudenken, was das mit mir machen könnte. Und so ist die Entscheidung für dieses Buch an einem Tag im April 2017 in Boston, Massachusetts, gefallen.

Nach 36 Stunden ohne Schlaf und Essen setzte eine prägende Erkenntnis ein: Das Gehirn ist ein sehr feines System, absolut faszinierend, gleichzeitig aber auch noch weitgehend unverstanden, unberechenbar. Wir sollten vorsichtig mit ihm umgehen, respektvoll, bevor es zu spät ist.

Ich hatte in Boston gerade meine erste Erfahrung im Brainhacking gemacht, hatte ein Gerät ausprobiert, mit dem man sein Gehirn ankurbeln kann, um aktiver oder entspannter zu werden. Mit einer App steuert man niedrigschwelligen Strom über zwei Elektroden am Kopf ins Gehirn. Der Strom soll das vegetative Nervensystem beeinflussen, um für mehr Energie oder Entspannung zu sorgen. Eine interessante Erfahrung. Der Test hat bei mir gewirkt. Ich war sehr energetisch. So energetisch, dass ich mich mehrmals übergeben musste, an Essen oder Schlafen die nächsten 36 Stunden nicht zu denken war. Diese Optimierung des Gehirns hat sich alles andere als optimal angefühlt.

Hinter dieser misslungenen Erkundungsübung steckt die Vorstellung, es könne gelingen, sich über die Ankurbelung der geistigen Kräfte noch mehr Schwung zu verleihen, erfolgreicher, begehrter und vielleicht auch glücklicher zu werden. Sie passt perfekt in unsere Zeit. Denn dies ist die Zeit der Selbstverbesserungswilligen.“

Wird das Gehirn die nächste Eroberungszone der vernetzten Zukunft? Und was bedeutet das für den Menschen? Antworten darauf gebe ich in meinem neuen Buch, jetzt im Handel oder hier.

by Miriam Meckel at March 15, 2018 05:56 AM

March 14, 2018

Justin Reich
To Change the Narrative Around Education, We Need More Voices
To shift the narrative about the state of education, we need to bring more voices into the conversation.

by Beth Holland at March 14, 2018 12:05 AM

March 08, 2018

ProjectVRM
The most leveraged VRM Day yet

VRM Day is coming up soon: Monday, 2 April.

Register at that link. Or, if it fails, this one. (Not sure why, but we get reports of fails with the first link on Chrome, but not other browsers. Go refigure.)

Why this one is more leveraged than any other, so far:::

Thanks to the GDPR, there is more need than ever for VRM, and more interest than ever in solutions to compliance problems that can only come from the personal side.

For example, the GDPR invites this question: What can we do as individuals that can put all the companies we deal with in compliance with the GDPR because they’re in compliance withour terms and our privacy policies? We have some answers, and we’ll talk about those.

We also have two topics we need to dive deeply into, starting at VRM Day and continuing over the following three days at IIW, also at the Computer History Museum. These too are impelled by the GDPR.

First is lexicon, or what the techies call ontology: “a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really exist in a particular domain of discourse.” In other words, What are we saying in VRM that CRM can understand—and vice versa? We’re at that point now—where VRM meets CRM. On the table will be not just be the tools and services customers will use to make themselves understood by the corporate systems of the world, but the protocols, standard code bases, ontologies and other necessities that will intermediate between the two.

Second is cooperation. The ProjectVRM wiki now has a page called Cooperative Work that needs to be substantiated by actual cooperation, now that the GDPR is approaching. How can we support each other?

Bring your answers.

See you there.

by Doc Searls at March 08, 2018 01:15 AM

March 07, 2018

Justin Reich
Youth in Front: Urgent Advice about Youth Activism for Students and Teachers
An online resource collecting questions from students and educators, and providing answers from experienced youth allies and activists.

by Justin Reich at March 07, 2018 08:56 PM

A Profile for Success: Envisioning the Graduate of the Future
A graduate profile based on a well-developed mission and vision, with input from stakeholders, and that guides actions in every class, can be transformative in schools.

by Justin Reich at March 07, 2018 07:41 PM

March 06, 2018

Berkman Center front page
The Accuracy, Fairness, and Limits of Predicting Recidivism

Subtitle

featuring Julia Dressel

Teaser

COMPAS is a software used across the country to predict who will commit future crimes. It doesn’t perform any better than untrained people who responded to an online survey.

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Mar 6 2018 12:00pm to Mar 6 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, March 6, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus

“With the rise of big data and the prevalence of technology in everything we do, we’ve become frequent subjects of algorithms,” explained Julia Dressel, recent graduate of Dartmouth College and current software engineer. Dressel spoke about her research on the fairness and accuracy of algorithmic recidivism predictions.

In 2016, a ProPublica study showed that algorithms were predicting inflated risks of recidivism for black defendants and deflated risks of recidivism for white defendants. In response to this evidence of racism, researchers wondered what the benefits of these algorithms actually were. Dressel’s study asked whether one such software, COMPAS, was outperforming human judgments.

The study showed that COMPAS was not more accurate or objective at predicting recidivism than humans without legal expertise (recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk). However, Dressel emphasized that the takeaway from her research should not be that humans are just as good as machines at predicting recidivism—but rather, that neither does it to a high degree of accuracy (only around 67%). Even more importantly, both humans and machines still over-predicted recidivism for black defendants and under-predicted recidivism for white defendants. The data used in the human study did not include race, so these results show that racial biases already exist in the data they used, even when race is not explicitly given as a variable.

Dressel concluded her talk with several questions for the future: What is more important: accuracy or transparency? If we cannot have a perfect predictor, what is the error rate that we, as a society, will tolerate? Who is responsible for regulating these technologies? And finally, who should be held accountable when they do not work as expected?

notes by Donica O'Malley

Event Description

Algorithms for predicting recidivism are commonly used to assess a criminal defendant’s likelihood of committing a crime. Proponents of these systems argue that big data and advanced machine learning make these analyses more accurate and less biased than humans. However, our study shows that the widely used commercial risk assessment software COMPAS is no more accurate or fair than predictions made by people with little or no criminal justice expertise.

This event is supported by the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Initiative at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society. In conjunction with the MIT Media Lab, the Initiative is developing activities, research, and tools to ensure that fast-advancing AI serves the public good. Learn more at https://cyber.harvard.edu/research/ai.
 

About Julia

Julia Dressel recently graduated from Dartmouth College, where she majored in both Computer Science and Women’s, Gender, & Sexuality Studies. She is currently a software engineer in Silicon Valley. Her interests are in the intersection of technology and bias. 
 

Links

Download original audio or video from this event.

Subscribe to the Berkman Klein events series podcast.

by candersen at March 06, 2018 05:00 PM

March 02, 2018

Berkman Center front page
metaLAB + friends openLAB

Teaser

Please join us for metaLAB’s 2018 openLAB, showcasing work by metaLAB and friends. March 6, 5:30pm-7:30pm at Arts @ 29 Garden, 29 Garden St. in Cambridge.

Event Date

Mar 6 2018 5:30pm to Mar 6 2018 5:30pm
Thumbnail Image: 

metaLAB + friends openLAB
March 6, 5:30-7:30
29 Garden St. Cambridge, MA

Please join us for metaLAB’s 2018 openLAB, showcasing work by metaLAB and friends.

March 6, 5:30pm-7:30pm at Arts @ 29 Garden, 29 Garden St. in Cambridge. Refreshments will be served!

For more information, get in touch.

 
 

by doyolu at March 02, 2018 02:56 PM

February 28, 2018

MediaBerkman
The Global Lives Project and Platforms for Building Empathy & Connection
The Global Lives Project presents 24-hour-long videos of daily lives of individuals from around the world both online and through in-person exhibits. This 15-year project is an online and real-world collaboration between thousands of filmmakers, photographers, translators and everyday people from around the world. The project's latest exhibit, Lives in Transit, showcases unedited footage of the daily lives of transportation workers from around the world, including Vietnam, Nepal, Turkey, China, India, South Korea, Colombia, Spain and Canada Global Lives Project Founder David Evan Harris speaks about the evolution of the project, and its ambitious goal of connecting the diverse experiences of humanity around the globe, and building empathy. For more information on this event visit: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/02/GlobalLivesProject

by the Berkman Klein Center at February 28, 2018 07:43 PM

Berkman Center front page
The Yemen War Online: Propagation of Censored Content on Twitter

Teaser

This study documents and analyzes the sharing of information on Twitter among different political groups related to the ongoing conflict in Yemen. 

Publication Date

28 Feb 2018

Author(s)

Thumbnail Image: 

This study, conducted by the Internet Monitor project at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, analyzes the sharing of information on Twitter among different political groups related to the ongoing conflict in Yemen. The study finds that the networks on Twitter are organized around and segregate along political lines. The networks cite web content, including censored websites, that reflects and informs their collective framing of the politically sensitive issues. Each of the factions relies almost entirely on their own sources of information.

The study also tests for the availability of this open web content shared on Twitter in the countries most engaged in the public debate over the conflict and find that national filtering policies also seek to shape the narrative by blocking views and perspectives that diverge from government positions on the conflict. While selective exposure to web content is often associated with polarization, the paper shows that social media—in this case Twitter—is used to propagate censored content from the open web, making it more visible to users behind open-web filtering regimes. The evidence shows that government attempts to corral social media users into government-friendly media bubbles does not work, although government filters make it more difficult to access some content. Instead, social media users coalesce into self-defined media spheres aligned around social and political affinities.

Producer Intro

Authored by

by ctilton at February 28, 2018 07:37 PM

Your Guide to BKC@SXSW 2018

Teaser

Headed to SXSW this year? If so, be sure to check out some of these panels and discussions led by members of the Berkman Klein community.

Thumbnail Image: 

Headed to SXSW this year? If so, be sure to check out some of these panels and discussions led by members of the Berkman Klein community.

 

The Future of Secrets
Sarah Newman, Jessica Yurkofsky, and Rachel Kalmar

Details: March 9-17 - Fairmont Verbena Room
Are secrets uniquely​ ​human?​ Our​ ​private​ ​lives ​are mediated and​ ​recorded​ ​by​ ​digital​ ​devices. ​Where​ ​are​ ​our​ ​secrets​ ​now? Where​ ​will​ ​they​ ​be​ ​in​ ​the​ ​future,​ ​and​ ​who—or what—might​ ​read​ ​them?​ ​How​ ​will​ ​intelligent systems​ ​of​ ​the​ ​future​ ​process​ ​the​ ​data ​we​ ​leave​ ​behind?​ ​Will​ ​they​ ​know​ ​things​ ​about​ ​us that​ ​we​ ​don’t​ ​(and​ ​never​ ​could)​ ​know​ ​about​ ​ourselves?

The​ ​Future​ ​of​ ​Secrets​​ ​is​ ​an​ ​interactive​ ​installation​ created by Sarah Newman, Jessica Yurkofsky, and Rachel Kalmar from metaLAB at Harvard. It is an immersive experience that includes sound, projection, and interaction; the installation asks​ ​participants​ ​to​ ​anonymously share​ ​their​ ​secrets ​as​ ​a​ ​way​ ​to​ question​ ​the​ ​trust we​ ​place​ ​in​ ​machines​, and ultimately​ ​reflect​ back​ ​our​ ​own​ ​humanness.​ ​What​ ​does​ ​it​ ​mean for​ ​us​ ​to​ ​share​ ​so​ ​much​ ​of​ ​ourselves​ ​through ​complex ​systems and digitally distributed networks?​ The installation inspires delight, surprise, and reflection while evoking questions about uncertain technological futures.

Keep the Internet International, Not Internal!
Fabro Steibel, Barbora Bukovská, Malavika Jayaram, Jan Gerlach

Details: Friday, March 9th, 2018; 11am-12pm – Hilton Austin Downtown Salon F
The internet enables access to knowledge for everyone and across national borders. However, legislators and courts around the world are now seeking to enforce national laws globally. Such extraterritorial jurisdiction to remove content from the web is a worrying trend both for fundamental rights online and the cohesion of the internet itself. Our panel explores the threat of creating many disconnected national networks and what should be done to avoid it.

America’s Code: Open Sourcing Government Software
Alvand Salehi

Details: Friday, March 9th, 2018; 11am-12pm – JW Marriott Salon 6
White House. Pentagon. NSA. They all began releasing more code last year following the first-ever Federal Source Code Policy. And now it’s easier than ever to access it. With thousands of projects to explore, Code.gov is transforming into the nation’s primary platform for sharing & improving government software. We’ll highlight the coolest projects & teach you how to give back to the country one pull request at a time. This is your code. Use it to spark America’s next breakthrough in innovation.

What Does it Take to Change People’s Minds?
Laura Dawn, Elizabeth Spiers, James Slezak

Details: Saturday, March 10th, 2018; 11am-12pm – Fairmont Congressional B
In the era of Trump, the notion of truth is under attack today as never before. With digital media rapidly displacing models that served us for two generations, we face crucial choices. Will the new landscape further divide and misinform us, or can new forms of digital communities, campaigns and services reverse the slide? Four leading figures from the worlds of digital media, advocacy and data join for an interactive session to debate emerging solutions and threats, and explore what we can do.

Ending the Dangerous Disconnect Between DC and AI
Tim Hwang, John Delaney, Terah Lyons, Clark Jennings

Details: Saturday, March 10th, 2018; 5-6pm – Hilton Austin Downtown Salon F
The AI and DC communities are just beginning a crucial conversation about how to ensure the benefits of the AI revolution are shared and its risks are minimized. In 2016, the Obama Administration published a roadmap to help policymakers prepare for AI. In this session, experts from DC and Silicon Valley advance the debate, addressing how best to engage policymakers, what issues require the most urgent attention, and how to work constructively with the stakeholders shaping our intelligent future.

Smashing the Firewall: Reporting in Iran
Simin Kargar, Fred Petrossians, Anastasia Kolobrodova, Amin Sabeti

Details: Monday, March 12th, 2018; 2-3pm – JW Marriot Salon FG
How can the power of the internet be harnessed for change in countries with strict censorship? The right talent and tools can facilitate political debate, connect persecuted minorities, embolden women, and amplify voices otherwise unheard in Iran. Three organizations fighting for internet and media freedom will discuss the innovative digital tools that are breaking through government censorship to connect with – and empower – Iranians.

A Game-Changing Shift in Control of Personal Data
Nicky Hickman, Karen McCabe, Doc Searls

Details: Monday, March 12th, 2018; 3.30-4.30pm – Fairmont Manchester EFG
An extinction-level event is occurring in the digital economy. Power will soon shift from organizations to people as legal, social and market forces give citizens new rights. New AI, machine learning and blockchain solutions will empower individuals to sovereignly govern their own data and relationships, and new business models will replace the non-compliant and/or illegal tracking-based practices of the past. Explore GDPR and more with Doc Searls and our IEEE Tech for Humanity Series experts!

Invasive Spirits: Fermentation in the City Wild
Matthew Battles, Keith Hartwig

Details: Wednesday, March 12th, 2018; 4:50-5:10pm – Four Seasons Ballroom CD
Invasive plants are treated with scorn, but they make the city green and provide a host of good things. In this session, we'll talk about our work foraging the city's riot of invasive biodiversity, brewing beer and making food from what we find. While we're discovering sensational tastes, we're using our senses to explore the city wild. By learning to appreciate the weedy world, can we share a richer relationship with nature in the city?

Starting the Internet All Over Again
Sara Watson, Muneeb Ali, Dries Buytaert, Andrei Sambra

Details: Wednesday, March 14th, 2018; 5-6pm – JW Marriott Salon E
On the Internet, all of the power seems consolidated with a few companies like Facebook, Google and Amazon. Consumers blindly exchange personal data for services, with little regard for the long-term consequences. But there's a movement afoot to build a secondary portal to the web that relies on Blockchain technology to give users freedom over their data. Join pioneers of the first web and the second, decentralized web to discuss how we'll experience it all in the next 5 to 10 years.

AI Creativity in Art, Neuroscience, and the Law
Sarah Schwettmann, Jessica Fjeld, Sarah Newman, Alexander Reben

Details: Thursday, March 15th, 2018; 12.30-1.30pm – Fairmont Manchester A
Artificial intelligence now produces compelling works of art, raising questions both metaphysical—does AI creativity raise it on par with the human?—and practical—how will we license its inputs and outputs? Will the creative outputs of AIs upend our conception of autonomy and personhood? Will they change our basic understandings of human intelligence and subjectivity? Two artists, an attorney, and a neuroscientist will grapple with these questions in a provocative conversation and demo.
 

BKC Alums

Why Black Women are 2018’s Best Investment
Cheryl Contee, Kathryn Finney, Sarah Koch

Details: Tuesday, March 13th, 2018; 3.30-4.30pm – Hilton Austin Downtown Salon B
Fewer than twenty African American women have raised more than a million dollars in venture capital. What’s going on here? Meet some of those women and the investors who back them. Learn why they are building the next breakthrough businesses that will change America.

Hacking the Brain: The Power of Neuroenhancement
William ‘Jamie’ Tyler, Miriam Meckel, Léa Steinacker, Henry Greely

Details: Sunday, March 11th, 2018; 3.30-4.30pm – Fairmont Manchester EFG
Advances in neuroscience and consumer electronics have elevated the brain as a resource for self-optimization. Using electrodes and implants, a new industry now offers to effectively alter numerous neurological functions, including cognitive skills, motor ability, and mood. While such technological developments can help those with disabilities unlock their potential, they also commercialize artificial enhancement of humans and raise ethical questions about the brain as a productivity factor.

 

by gweber at February 28, 2018 05:38 PM

Seeking Research Assistant for the Harmful Speech Online Project

The Harmful Speech Online Project is seeking a Research Assistant! The goals of this project are to map the complex sphere within which harmful speech online occurs, convene and connect people working on these issues, and translate academic findings into useful information for policy makers. The RA will review and synthesize relevant literature and news, and assist with ongoing research projects. Time commitment is approximately 6-10 hours/week. Please send cover letter, resume, and short (2-4 page) writing sample to Nikki Bourassa at nbourassa@cyber.harvard.edu. Start date is immediate; for summer inquiries, please apply to our summer internship program.

Research Assistant Information and Eligibility:

* The wage is $11.50 per hour.

* Time commitment is 5-10 hours per week.

* RAs do not have to be students.

* RAs do not have to be affiliated with Harvard University.

* We are unable to hire RAs who will conduct their work outside of the state of Massachusetts.

* We do not have the ability to provide authorization to work in the U.S.

 

by nbourassa at February 28, 2018 03:30 PM

February 27, 2018

Berkman Center front page
The Global Lives Project and Platforms for Building Empathy & Connection

Subtitle

featuring founder and Executive Director, David Harris

Teaser

How can a multimedia project build empathy and connect the experiences of humanity around the globe?

Parent Event

Berkman Klein Luncheon Series

Event Date

Feb 27 2018 12:00pm to Feb 27 2018 12:00pm
Thumbnail Image: 

Tuesday, February 27, 2018 at 12:00 pm
Harvard Law School campus

Two questions inspire David Evan Harris' work: “What would global empathy look like? And what are the boundaries of your moral universe?” In his recent talk, Harris discussed his goal of encouraging people to “step out of [their] world” and see what daily life is like for others.

The Global Lives Project was started in 2002. The project, which curates 24-hour long videos of people’s daily lives throughout the world and hosts them online and in in-person exhibitions, has grown immensely since its inception. The project’s latest installment is called Lives in Transit, and follows ten transit workers across the globe. In order to ensure representation in their participants, Harris and his team developed a multimodal matrix to account for demographic diversity.

In 2014, researchers at the Stanford Graduate School of Education developed the Unheard Stories Curriculum, a common core compliant program aimed at middle and high school students, with the goal of cultivating empathy through interaction with the Global Lives exhibit. Overall, after participating in the curriculum, students have shown an increase in measures such as feeling like they can make a difference in the world, and interest in both community and world-wide social issues.

Harris has identified several next steps for the project. First, he wants to expand exhibition into more museums, galleries and universities. Second, Harris hopes to support further research intothe educational aspect of the project. In addition to widening distribution of the curriculum to colleges and workplaces, he also plans to conduct qualitative research with students and teachers, add a longitudinal component, and increase the sample size of already-completed quantitative measurements.

notes by Donica O'Malley

Event Description

The Global Lives Project presents 24-hour-long videos of daily lives of individuals from around the world both online and through in-person exhibits. This 15-year project is an online and real-world collaboration between thousands of filmmakers, photographers, translators and everyday people from around the world.

The project's latest exhibit, Lives in Transit, showcases unedited footage of the daily lives of transportation workers from around the world, including Vietnam, Nepal, Turkey, China, India, South Korea, Colombia, Spain and Canada. The exhibit premiered at Lincoln Center for the New York Film Festival, and previously showed at the Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, the CITRIS Tech Museum, and will show later this year at the Smithsonian.

Lives in Transit is currently on display at the Harvard Science Center through March 2018.

David Evan Harris, Global Lives Project Founder, will speak about the evolution of the project, and its ambitious goal of connecting the diverse experiences of humanity around the globe, and building empathy.

About David

David Evan Harris is Founder and Executive Director of the Global Lives Project, Chancellor’s Public Scholar at UC Berkeley, and Research Director at the Institute for the Future. David is a cross-disciplinary mediamaker, working at the intersection of art, activism and academic inquiry on the politically charged questions surrounding globalization and social justice.

David wrote and directed newscasts for CurrentTV; and penned articles and shot photos for the BBC, the Guardian, Adbusters, Focus on the Global South, AlterNet, and Grist. He has spoken publicly about his work to audiences at the Smithsonian, UC Berkeley, Harvard, Stanford, United Nations University, Apple, Google, Adobe, and numerous other venues around the world. He speaks English, Portuguese, Spanish, and French. David founded the Global Lives Project in 2004 and holds a BA in the political economy of development and environment, with a minor in forest science, from UC Berkeley and an MS in sociology from the University of São Paulo.

Exhibition & Reception

The Global Lives Project: Lives in Transit is a large-scale video installation featuring 24 hours in the daily lives of individuals who move people and things around the world.

The exhibit is on display at the Harvard Science Center through March 2018.

Download original audio and video from this event.

Subscribe to the Berkman Klein events podcast to have audio from all our events delivered straight to you!

 

 

LInks

 

 

by candersen at February 27, 2018 07:53 PM

February 26, 2018

Center for Research on Computation and Society (Harvard SEAS)
Melanie Pradier: Bayesian Nonparametric Models for Data Exploration

Location: 

Maxwell Dworkin 119

Making sense out of data is one of the biggest challenges of our time.  As more data is gathered and ML systems become ubiquitous, our society can benefit from better predictions and enhanced data-driven decision systems. Yet, understanding data remains challenging in many application domains such as personalized medicine. Most relevant questions, e.g., what the underlying mechanisms of cancer are, cannot be stated as well-defined supervised problems, and might benefit enormously from interpretable models and rigorous data exploratory analyses involving multidisciplinary...

Read more about Melanie Pradier: Bayesian Nonparametric Models for Data Exploration

by Gabriella Fee at February 26, 2018 04:15 PM

John Palfrey
School heads stand in solidarity, call for action against gun violence

Gun violence must be addressed urgently. I can think of no topic more worthy of our nation’s leaders’ time and focus. Today, I join with fellow heads of school comprising the Eight Schools Association in support of the following statement:

We, the heads of independent secondary schools comprising the Eight Schools Association, stand in solidarity with our students and with the families of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. We join with those voices demanding meaningful action to keep our students safe from gun violence on campuses and beyond.

As many of our students have joined a nationwide movement to support the victims and survivors of gun violence in America, we pledge, as leaders of those schools, to help amplify their voices. Our students come from every state in this nation and from around the world to receive the very best care and education. We are moved to take action out of responsibility for the thousands of children in our care and out of compassion for children throughout this country. Each day of inaction chips away at every teacher’s right to deliver and every student’s right to receive an education free from fear and violence.

We have given witness to Columbine, Virginia Tech, and Sandy Hook, among too many other instances of gun violence on campuses. Parkland is now added to that list. We as school leaders will do all we can in our power to keep our students safe. We call upon all those elected representatives – from each member of Congress to the President to all others in positions of power – to take meaningful legislative and regulatory action to make our schools safer for learning and teaching. It is hard to imagine any topic that would be more worthy today of our leaders’ focus.

Do not let our students’ voices go unheard this time.

Alex Curtis, Choate Rosemary Hall
Margarita Curtis, Deerfield Academy
Craig Bradley, The Hotchkiss School
Stephen Murray, The Lawrenceville School
Peter Fayroian, Northfield Mount Hermon
John Palfrey, Phillips Academy, Andover
Lisa MacFarlane, Phillips Exeter Academy
Michael Hirschfeld, St. Paul’s School

Eight Schools Logo

by jgpalfrey at February 26, 2018 03:25 PM

February 22, 2018

Berkman Center front page
New Website Draws on International Perspectives to Highlight Issues related to Inclusion and Artificial Intelligence

Teaser

This new suite of resources aims to establish key themes, questions, and opportunities for ensuring that voices and perspectives from diverse populations help shape the future of AI.

Thumbnail Image: 

New suite of resources aims to establish key themes, questions, and opportunities for ensuring that voices and perspectives from diverse populations help shape the future of AI.

The Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society is pleased to share a newly-published interactive webpage, www.aiandinclusion.org, which highlights salient topics and offers a broad range of resources related to issues of AI and inclusion. The materials contribute to the Diversity and Inclusion track of the broader Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Initiative. Launched in Spring 2017, the initiative is anchored by the Berkman Klein Center and the MIT Media Lab, who have been working in conjunction over the past year to conduct evidence-based research, bolster AI for the social good, and construct a collective knowledge base on the ethics and governance of AI.

The site reflects lessons learned from a wide-ranging international effort, and includes a number of resources produced from the Global Symposium on AI and Inclusion, which convened 170 participants from over 40 countries in Rio de Janeiro last November on behalf of the Global Network of Centers to discuss the impact of AI and related technologies on marginalized populations and the risks of amplifying digital inequalities across the world.

Some of the primary resources available on the webpage include foundational materials that address overarching themes, key research questions, the initial framing of a research roadmap, and an overview of some of the most relevant opportunities and challenges identified pertaining to AI, inclusion, and governance. The research, findings, and ideas presented throughout the page both illuminate lessons learned from the past year, and lay the groundwork for the initiative’s continued work on issues of inclusion, acknowledging that the resources found here are only a starting point for this important conversation.

We welcome your feedback and suggestions. If you have any questions about the webpage or about the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence initiative, please contact jsherman@cyber.harvard.edu.  

Learn more about this effort in the Medium post "Why Inclusion Matters for the Future of Artificial Intelligence" by Amar Ashar and Sandra Cortesi

 

by gweber at February 22, 2018 04:43 PM

February 21, 2018

Berkman Center front page
Iran's National Information Network: Faster Speeds, but at What Cost?

Teaser

In this Internet Monitor research bulletin, Berkman Klein Center Affiliate Simin Kargar analyzes the effectiveness of the Iranian government’s campaign to encourage domestic content consumption and hosting through its National Information Network.

Thumbnail Image: 

In this Internet Monitor research bulletin, Berkman Klein Center Affiliate Simin Kargar analyzes the effectiveness of the Iranian government’s campaign to encourage domestic content consumption and hosting through its National Information Network.

With over $6 billion invested, the NIN is the most costly national telecommunications project in the history of the Islamic Republic. Other affiliated costs align well with the NIN’s overarching goals: $1.5 billion on a domestic search engines project and $135,000 in additional subsidies to go toward mature development of domestic messaging applications. This strategy is to substantially cut reliance on international applications such as Telegram.

The recent events in Iran put the investment to the test and underscored the challenges of fundamentally changing user behavior. While an increase in speed allows for services that potentially improve access and more sophisticated information sharing, these benefits only apply to domestically hosted platforms that have not been popular. As the recent protests affirmed, when popular international tools became inaccessible, users showed little interest to limit their traffic to domestic websites and tools, even at a discounted price. Despite Iran’s concerted efforts to popularize the NIN’s application, appealing to users and acquiring their trust may be much harder than the government had envisioned.

Read the complete bulletin on the Internet Monitor site.

by ctilton at February 21, 2018 07:26 PM

February 20, 2018

Justin Reich
Connecting the Dots between Education Research and Classroom Teachers
To meet the needs of their students, teachers need access to reliable, relevant resources. The medical field may have the solution.

by Beth Holland at February 20, 2018 04:04 PM

February 19, 2018

Cyberlaw Clinic - blog
Fair Use / Fair Dealing Week — Week of Feb 26, 2018!

The week of February 26th is fair use week / fair dealing week, which “celebrates the important doctrines of fair use in the United States and fair dealing in Canada and other jurisdictions.” The Harvard Library Office for Scholarly Communication is putting on fifth anniversary fair use week event — “Tried and True:  Fair Use Tales for the Telling” — at Harvard’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies.  Sign up at the website to hear perspectives from luminaries, including Kenneth Crews, David Hansen, and Rebekah Modrak, among many others. The Clinic’s Chris Bavitz joins Laura Quilter and Dan Booth that morning for a discussion entitled “Litigation and Fair Use, the Last 15 Years.”

by Clinic Staff at February 19, 2018 03:58 PM

February 18, 2018

Berkman Center front page
John Perry Barlow and the Foundational Values of the Net

Subtitle

an interview with Charles Nesson

Teaser

Berkman Klein Center Founder and Director Charles Nesson shares his thoughts on how John Perry Barlow helped build the values of the Internet.

Thumbnail Image: 

Internet pioneer John Perry Barlow passed away late last week at the age of 70. As the Berkman Klein Center's inaugural fellow in 1998, his ideas helped provide the foundation for the work of much of our community in the two decades since. Berkman Klein Center Founder and Director Charles Nesson sat down to share some thoughts on how Barlow helped build the values of the Internet.

 

How did you first encounter John?

I read a piece he wrote The Economy of Ideas (Wired, March 1, 1994) and just heard his voice. It was Barlow. The openness of it spoke a truth to me that I hadn't quite connected with this effectively. His sense of what a connected environment actually was and the implications for changing how we think. It led me to ask him to become the first fellow of the Berkman Center. I believe his spirit of connection is evident in all the work we've done: creative commons, open law, open radio, open economy, open health, free open libraries.

He is the net. He was the net. That openness of spirit that he expressed in his music, in his writing, and his connection with everyone radiated out through his friends like threads that make the net. He was extraordinary.

Where did some of these ideas come from about openness? And why did they ring so true to this community? How does his work seem so clarifying?

There was a clear feeling between the spirit of the 60s and of post World War ideas that somehow there is a “good America,” and that it has to do with community. The whole Vietnam experience was formative for Barlow and contemporaries, very much framed by the questions of justice and the place of America in the world, very much the environment in which Barlow emerges as a voice of connection. It's the idea that the Grateful Dead stand for. "Cool out, calm down, have a sense of enjoyment in your life and interaction, play fair, be fair." The better angels of our nature that make up the "liberal naïveté" of those who don't feel it. So it's kind of like a core value of collective spirit. It believes in community at some deep level, and equality, almost radical equality to the point where it's seen as deeply threatening to an environment that is based on and values secrecy.

It sounds like he was foundational in a lot of the ideas of how we think about information and the Internet now that maybe weren't taken for granted back then, that information and communication would be somewhat open and free. Would you describe his ideas as that foundation?

Yes I would. He brought threads together in a way that looked extremely clear-eyed. In The Economy of Ideas he was really talking about the music business. The question of what happens when there is no physical object to which you could attach a price tag. That was completely insightful and clarifying, and very much connected to how we began to understand the net.

What was it about the net that you think excited him and animated his spirit?

Recently Andrew McLaughlin circulated John's article about wiring Africa for Internet access (Africa Rising, Wired, January 1, 1998). Reading that, you're just blown away by the adventures and the joint venture that he exhibited, himself heading off on an expedition to see what connectivity in Africa was about and whether it could be a success. Brilliant reporting and just a stunning piece.

I think that he more than contemporaries saw the dimensional change that we were going through with Internet connectivity. The change from the pre-net world to what he could see as the cyber-world. He saw that as somehow deeper, more encompassing than others. And in doing that he offered a vision of a future that people could connect with.

Do you feel like we've reached what his vision of the Internet was and could be, or has it always been this kind of thing to strive for?

I can't imagine that he didn't have brighter visions than what appears to be evolving. That is, the incredible dominance of capital power on the net. I've thought that university might be a power for openness, and still have that belief. Seems to me that's where the power of openness naturally resides. So the idea of John at the core of thinking in an Internet dimension seems just right to me.

What's become clear though is that the power on the open side of the net has a rhetorical quality to it. It's a narrative force that is capable of gaining viral power, and opposing capital force. Learning to use that power is a challenge that John left.

This interview has been condensed and edited for clarity by Daniel Dennis Jones. Photos CC-licensed courtesy of D. Yvette Wohn and Doc Searls

If you have memories of John Perry Barlow you'd like to share, please send them to us at buzz@cyber.harvard.edu.

by djones at February 18, 2018 02:27 PM

February 17, 2018

Benjamin Mako Hill
XORcise

https://mako.cc/copyrighteous/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/384px-Venn0110.svg_.png

XORcise (ɛɡ.zɔʁ.siz) verb 1. To remove observations from a dataset if they satisfy one of two criteria, but not both. [e.g., After XORcising adults and citizens, only foreign children and adult citizens were left.]

by Benjamin Mako Hill at February 17, 2018 08:21 PM

“Stop Mang Fun of Me”

Somebody recently asked me if I am the star of bash.org quote #75514 (a snippet of online chat from a large collaboratively built collection):

<mako> my letter "eye" stopped worng
<luca> k, too?
<mako> yeah
<luca> sounds like a mountain dew spill
<mako> and comma
<mako> those three
<mako> ths s horrble
<luca> tme for a new eyboard
<luca> 've successfully taen my eyboard apart
       and fxed t by cleanng t wth alcohol
<mako> stop mang fun of me
<mako> ths s a laptop!!

It was me. A circuit on my laptop had just blown out my I, K, ,, and 8 keys. At the time I didn’t think it was very funny.

I no idea anyone had saved a log and had forgotten about the experience until I saw the bash.org quote. I appreciate it now so I’m glad somebody did!

This was unrelated to the time that I poured water into two computers in front of 1,500 people and the time that I carefully placed my laptop into a full bucket of water.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at February 17, 2018 08:09 PM

Lookalikes

Hippy/mako lookalikes

Did I forget a period of my life when I grew a horseshoe mustache and dreadlocks, walked around topless, and illustrated this 2009 article in the Economist on the economic boon that hippy festivals represent to rural American communities?


Previous lookalikes are here.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at February 17, 2018 06:05 PM

My Kuro5hin Diary Entries

Kuro5hin logo

Kuro5hin (pronounced “corrosion” and abbreviated K5) was a website created in 1999 that was popular in the early 2000s. K5 users could post stories to be voted upon as well as entries to their personal diaries.

I posted a couple dozen diary entries between 2002 and 2003 during my final year of college and the months immediately after.

K5 was taken off-line in 2016 and the Internet Archive doesn’t seem to have snagged comments or full texts of most diary entries. Luckily, someone managed to scrape most of them before they went offline.

Thanks to this archive, you can now once again hear from 21-year-old-me in the form of my old K5 diary entries which I’ve imported to my blog Copyrighteous. I fixed the obvious spelling errors but otherwise restrained myself and left them intact.

If you’re interested in preserving your own K5 diaries, I wrote some Python code to parse the K5 HTML files for diary pages and import them into WordPress using it’s XML-RPC API. You’ll need to tweak the code to use it but it’s pretty straightforward.

by Benjamin Mako Hill at February 17, 2018 03:23 AM

February 15, 2018

MediaBerkman
Nate Hill on the Library Consortium as Studio, Platform, and Metacommunity
METRO/599 is a studio in Hell’s Kitchen that connects more than 250 of New York’s libraries, archives, and knowledge organizations. With 6,000 square feet of event and studio space, supporting projects in digital privacy, multimedia media archiving, metadata aggregation, and podcasting, and offering tools for everything from software preservation to signage prototyping to spaghetti and meatball crafting, METRO/599 is reinventing the multi-type library consortium as a metacommunity center. In this talk, Nate Hill, Executive Director of the Metropolitan New York Library Council, gives an overview of the programs at METRO/599, talks about the challenges associated with this organizational recalibration, seeks input and ideas from the group, and extends an invitation to attendees to come take part in the fun. For more information visit: https://cyber.harvard.edu/events/2018/luncheon/02/Hill

by the Berkman Klein Center at February 15, 2018 08:18 PM

Feeds In This Planet