<-- The Filter --> June 2006

June 23, 2006
[0] From the Editor
[1] News
[2] Berkman Updates
[3] Networked: Bookmarks, Webcasts, Podcasts, Tags, and Blogposts
[4] Global Voices: Digital Dose of Global Conversations
[5] Community Links
[6] Upcoming Conferences
[7] Staying Connected
[8] Filter Facts




[0] From the Editor

This month we've tried something different. We focused the news items around one issue - "popular culture." Wendy Seltzer addresses how she thinks network neutrality may affect popular culture and Jason Callina looks at Asia's growing influence over the United States' popular culture. What do you think? Send me an e-mail at amichel AT cyber.harvard.edu.
-- Amanda Michel


[1] NEWS: a bit of what’s going on and where to read more

Tech Mandates, Net Neutrality, and Pop Culture
-- by Wendy Seltzer

Popular culture is no longer just what is broadcast by the major networks. Even as the networks incorporate members of the general public into their "reality" shows, even more of those average Joes and Janes are also creating their own programming and sharing it online. Nearly 50 million of them are writing for web pages or weblogs, sharing photos or videos, or creating podcasts, according to a new Pew Internet and American Life report. The public is reading the public, as well as the broadcast tastemakers.

What has spurred this outpouring of public-created culture? The availability of new tools that put creative power into the hands of more amateurs, of broadband networking that lets them share their creations with others, and of general-purpose computers that allow them to watch their friends' and strangers' creations alongside those of commercial publishers.

Many of these capabilities, which the Berkman Center's Jonathan Zittrain groups as "generativity," are happy accidents. As Wintel urges people to replace almost-new computers with newer models fast enough to cope with the latest and greatest operating system, some find that beyond spell-checking documents at lightning speed, they can now edit photographs and video clips. The Internet connection one might have bought to catch up with e-mail after leaving the office becomes a vector not just for reading the latest re-forwarded joke, but also Yahoo!'s version of the news and Daily Kos's, and perhaps, for adding one's own spin by adding blog commentary or editing a Wikipedia entry. The white-box PC has room for software that makes it a web browser, news reader, media player, and audio/video-editing studio (if you bought a Mac, it might come with that pre-installed). People who don't know they need generative capacity become creative audiences once they get it as a byproduct.

Yet just as the creative potential of the formerly passive audience is coming into its own, it is under threat. To protect old-style business models, big entertainment companies are pressing technology manufacturers to limit the capabilities of their machines, using licensing deals and threats to withhold media content. They are asking broadband providers to help in ferreting out users sharing movies or music. Not stopping with the laws of code or markets, the publishers are asking Congress for new laws: broadcast flags, "analog hole" closure, and stricter penalties for circumvention of digital rights management.

But digital editing and conversion technology is dual-use. Copying "Lost" might be infringement, or it might be a political statement, mixing the mysterious island footage with that of a bumbling political leadership. (Last election, TrueMajority urged voters to "fire" President George W. Bush, in a commercial that remixed clips of Donald Trump on "The Apprentice," <http://www.trumpfiresbush.com>.) If entertainment companies get their wishes, new hardware and software won't be able to generate that kind of statement.

Broadband providers haven't shown themselves to be great friends to users either, saying they want to charge twice for access to bandwidth rather than giving users neutral access to the network. Their dream Internet looks a lot like the cell phone network -- content and contracts available from just a few places, with a payment at every click.

Before we let them snuff out the sparks of popular creativity, we should remind the entertainers in Hollywood, the network operators, and their friends in Congress that the same public who can make them popular can make them unpopular and send them home again.


* PEW Internet and American Life Report, "Home Broadband Adoption 2006":

* Jonathan Zittrain, "The Generative Internet":

* Jonathan Zittrain's Inaugural Lecture at Oxford University, "The Future of the Internet - and How to Stop It":


A self-professed Asiaphile honors popculture and Asian influence
-- by Jason Callina

Simply said, pop culture matters. It can drive technological innovation, boost economies and change the status of an individual or a social class. From cell phones with satellite TV (http://www.pcworld.com/news/article/0,aid,123078,00.asp), science fiction inspired giant robots that can lift an SUV (http://www.enryu.jp/) and video game consoles that look like they are from the future (http://youtube.com/watch?v=m0aXYQkyFXk&search=nintendo), Asia appears to be gaining an edge.

The US used to be a clear leader in exporting its pop culture. The results can be seen in Japan and other countries in the way they have fetishized the styles and culture of the West. A random search on Google images for 'jpop' (Japanese pop stars) (http://images.google.com/images?q=jpop) these days produces a crop of men and women with some very "western" looking features, (see link for some more background on the trend: http://www.iht.com/articles/2004/03/08/rhair_ed3_.php) Hip-Hop is now a stylistic and musical force with groups like Rip Slyme (http://www.ripslyme.com). Even the English language itself is in fashion, as seen by the humorous results of misplaced words and phrases in marketed products (http://www.engrish.com/).

David Sifry, CEO of Technorati, recently posted that Asian language blogposts have surpassed English language posts in number (http://www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000433.html). There are still numerous technological barriers to accurately tracking language use online, but Sifry’s Technorati results demonstrate the power of a Japanese teenager texting entries, sharing photos, and creating content.

MySpace has burst onto the social networking scene in a powerful way, but so has South Korea’s Cyworld. According to BusinessWeek, almost a third of the South Korean population is registered there, including 90% of South Koreans in their 20s. (http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_39/b3952405.htm) On Cyworld, your 'minihompy' or mini home page can be decorated with virtual goods that you buy for real cash, which results in profits in the millions for SK Communications a subsidiary of SK Telecom (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SK_Telecom). MySpace currently hosts 83 million registered users and Cyworld only 15 million, but Cyworld will shortly launch in the United States. (http://us.cyworld.com).

A clear example of a trend that quickly became a commercial powerhouse can be seen starting in 2004 with the coming of Densha Otoko, the "Train Man." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Densha_otoko). In real life, a shy introverted man prevented the harassment of an "office lady" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Office_lady) on the subway. She then shows her gratitude by sending him an expensive gift. The "Train Man" didn’t know how to interpret her gesture and posts for advice on the 2 Channel (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2_Channel) message boards. Over the next few months, thousands of 2 Channel community members helped to facilitate their relationship, providing encouragement and suggestions on dating, until “Train Man” and “Office Lady” later celebrate their marriage with the 2 Channel community. But the story doesn’t end there. The story of “Train Man” and the “Office Lady” nicknamed “Hermes” after the manufacturer of her gift has since been turned into a television series, movie, manga, (Japanese comics), and anime (Japanese animation) and improved the status of the “Otaku”, the social class that Densha Otoko symbolically represents (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otaku).

Since the 60's American television has been feeding our children a steadily increasing diet of Asian humor, culture, and attitudes and we seem to love it. For some time most of the United States’s produced anime work has been done in Asia? Today many broadcasted series and features are completely Asian in origin, including once-popular Astro Boy and Speed Racer in the 60s to Starblazers in the 70s to Pokemon at the turn of the millennium. Today’s content creators grew up with Asian-influenced programming an are increasingly pulling in elements of anime into their aesthetic (Japanese Animation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anime, and see Powerpuff Girls, Teen Titans, Avatar: The Last Airbender). And, as the number of anime content producers increases, so does the number of anime fans here in the United States. Smaller niche groups of Asian media fans make up the fansubbing community, which regularly imports anime and live action media, subtitling them and making them available to the world for free. A quick search on youtube for anime music videos (AMV) yields over 50,000 results. (See Fansubbing, and AMVs - Anime Music Videos)

As technology improves, the speed at which pop culture moves across the Pacific increases steadily and the lines of “who inspired who” are beginning to blur. Asia has taken western trends and reinterpreted them through its own worldview, and we have reciprocated in kind. The content that exists now is being produced by both cultures for each other. It is readily available, its audience is wide, and willing to participate in its creation.



Rip Slyme: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rip_Slyme>

FRUiTs Magazine: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruits_Magazine>

Japanese Television that has Aired in the US
Astro Boy: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astro_Boy_%281960s%29>
Speed Racer: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_Racer>
Kimba the White Lion: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kimba%2C_The_White_Lion>
Force Five: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Force_Five>
Battle of the Planets: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Planets>
Starblazers: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starblazers>
Pokemon: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pokemon>
Dragonball: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragonball>

Anime Influenced American Animation
Powepuff Girls: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powerpuff_girls>
Teen Titans: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teen_Titans_%28animated_series%29>
Avatar: The Last Airbender: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avatar:_The_Last_Airbender>

Japanese Inspired User Created Content
Fansubbing: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fansubs/>
AMVs (Anime Music Videos): <http://youtube.com/results?search=amv&search_type=search_videos&search=S...

Anime: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anime>
Manga: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manga>

Social Networks In Asia
2 Channel: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2_Channel>
Cyworld: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyworld>



[2] BERKMAN UPDATES: news from in and around the Center

*** Creative Commons, Vogele & Associates, and the Berkman Center’s Clinical Program release "Podcasting Legal Guide: Rules for the Revolution" ***

Like the Electronic Frontier Foundation's blog guide, the Podcasting Legal Guide provides a useful summary, in plain English, of the complex body of laws that govern the use of copyrighted content. Students from the Berkman Center's Clinical Program in Cyberlaw assisted Creative Commons (CC) in this effort and prepared portions of the Guide dealing with the use of music in podcasts. The Guide also includes a helpful list of resources for podcasters, ranging from technical overviews, to useful software, to ways to find "podsafe" content that may be freely used. The Guide was made available in May, both online and as a PDF.

Get the guide:

* Online: <http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Welcome_To_The_Podcasting_Legal_Guide>
* In PDF format: <http://mirrors.creativecommons.org/Podcasting_Legal_Guide.pdf>
* Electronic Frontier Foundation's blog guide: <http://www.eff.org/bloggers/lg/>


*** Beyond Broadcast Conference - A Great Success ***

In May the Berkman Center, along with the Center for Citizen Media, American University's Center for Social Media, the Public Radio Exchange, NYU's Interactive Telecommunications Program, and the Project for Open Source Media, brought together hundreds of media makers, technologists, writers, documentary filmmakers to discuss the future of public media in the age of participatory culture for two days of conversation and brainstorming. The conference succeeding in assembling a diverse mix of participants, showcasing the latest developments in the field, and cultivating a shared sense of potential at the intersection of public and participatory media. A number of discussions and ideas that began at Beyond Broadcasting are developing into followup projects, such as the Public Media Forge - a resource for public broadcasters to promote the use of open source software.

Unique to the conference was its focus on mediating conversations through technology, including blogs, webcast, podcasts, question tools, AIM, photos, and more. Some participants joined in via Second Life or watched the conference via webcast or over CCTV. As conference participants blogged and took photos, they tagged them "beyondbroadcast" so that other participants could easily find them. A web-based question tool allowed those participating remotely (via webcast, Second Life, or CCTV) to share their questions with panelists, allowing everyone to vote on their favorites.

Now that the conference is over, the conversations remain ongoing and the conference website remains online.

Check out BeyondBroadcast.net and you'll find:

* Conference Audio: <http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/blog/?p=100>
* Podcasts: <http://www.beyondbroadcast.net/blog/?p=99>
* Blogposts and articles tagged "beyond broadcast": <http://del.icio.us/tag/beyondbroadcast>
* Photos at Flickr: <http://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/beyondbroadcast>
* Video at Blip.TV: <http://beyondbroadcast.blip.tv/posts/view/?sort=popularity&date=>


*** Prof. Jonathan Zittrain publishes "The Generative Internet" in Harvard Law Review ***

A cornerstone of Berkman's research agenda is the preservation of the Internet's openness through code and law. This past month Prof. Zittrain published "The Generative Internet" in the Harvard Law Review. His piece explores what makes the Internet so "generative," and the resulting implications, with special attention to its endpoint -- the modern PC.

"The Generative Internet" is available here: <http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=847124>
The abstract: "The generative capacity for unrelated and unaccredited audiences to build and distribute code and content through the Internet to its tens of millions of attached personal computers has ignited growth and innovation in information technology and has facilitated new creative endeavors. It has also given rise to regulatory and entrepreneurial backlashes. A further backlash among consumers is developing in response to security threats that exploit the openness of the Internet and of PCs to third-party contribution. A shift in consumer priorities from generativity to stability will compel undesirable responses from regulators and markets and, if unaddressed, could prove decisive in closing today’s open computing environments. This Article explains why PC openness is as important as network openness, as well as why today’s open network might give rise to unduly closed endpoints. It argues that the Internet is better conceptualized as a generative grid that includes both PCs and networks rather than as an open network indifferent to the configuration of its endpoints. Applying this framework, the Article explores ways — some of them bound to be unpopular among advocates of an open Internet represented by uncompromising end-to-end neutrality — in which the Internet can be made to satisfy genuine and pressing security concerns while retaining the most important generative aspects of today’s networked technology."



Links to Berkman conversations happening online
======================================================================== =

Digital Media:

* BLOGPOST: Prof. Urs Gasser, "Emotional Legal Design":

* BLOGPOST: Ethan Zuckerman captures Prof. James Boyle's keynote at the Beyond Broadcast conference:

* GUIDE: Podcasting Legal Guide - Rules for the Revolution:

Internet Politics, Governance, and Regulation:

* BOOK: "The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom" by Prof. Yochai Benkler:

* MAP: OpenNet Initiative Internet Filtering Map: <http://opennet.net/map/>

* PODCAST: "Who Controls The Internet?", Prof. Jack Goldmsmith:

* PODCAST: "Four Voices from Freedom to Connect," David Isenberg:

* ARTICLE: "The Generative Internet," Prof. Jonathan Zittrain:

* REPORT: Internet Watch Report: The 2006 Presidential Election in Belarus

* PODCAST: "Leveraging India as India Stands Up," Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala:

* REPORTS: Stopbadware Reports on FunCade, UnSpyPC, WinFixer, Jessica Simpson Screensaver:

Citizen Media and the Future of Journalism:

* PODCASTS: Global Voices Podcasts:

* VIDEO: Beyond Broadcast Conference video:

Technology Developments:

* PODCAST: "Asia at the Cutting Edge?", Eric Priest:

Internet, Education, and Knowledge:

* BLOGPOST: David Weinberger on the virtues of messy categories:



[4] Global Voices:
Digital Dose of Global Conversations

David Sasaki, Global Voices Latin America Regional Editor, put together the monthly digest below, a collection of links to the most interesting conversations happening in the global blogosphere. Please check out Global Voices at <http://www.globalvoicesonline.org>

The global voices have become audible! Literally. Thanks to the excellent production work of Caribbean Editor Georgia Popplewell, we are able to travel around the world in less than 17 minutes and listen in on podcasts from South Africa, Mexico, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, and beyond. Undoubtedly the best 17 minutes you’ll spend today.

World Cup mania is taking hold of the international blogosphere. Jose Murilo writes from the country favored to win the whole tournament, Brazil, and gives a blog introduction to this year's cup.

June 4 marked the 17th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square Massacre, an “incident”, which to this day does not exist in the Chinese government’s official memory and certainly is not commemorated in the domestic mainstream media. But as Frank Dai reveals, the decentralized nature of the internet ensures that the atrocity won’t be forgotten. One glance at a particular del.icio.us tag shows that commemoration is indeed alive and active.

It is so easy to make exotic that which is unfamiliar. Luckily for Global Voices readers, Bharat - with the help of many Tamil bloggers - demystifies the Tamil people, their language, and its many variants.

Francophone Editor Alice Backer has translations of excerpts from recent posts across Africa. They include a call for pan-Africanism, Ivory Coast’s preparations for the World Cup, the Western press’ awakening in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and much more.

Blogs and protests intersected in two distant countries this past month. In Chile protesting students used weblogs and photoblogs to organize their school sit-ins and make their demands heard. Meanwhile, in Bangladesh, bloggers condemned the violent mayhem, which followed a protest by striking garment workers.
Chile: <http://www.globalvoicesonline.org/2006/05/26/public-schools- students-coordinate-strike-by-fotoblogs/>
Bangladesh: <http://www.globalvoicesonline.org/2006/05/26/public- schools-students-coordinate-strike-by-fotoblogs/>

*** Global Voices, a non-profit global citizens’ media project, was launched from the Berkman Center by Berkman Fellows Rebecca MacKinnon and
Ethan Zuckerman and is sponsored by the Berkman Center, the MacArthur Foundation, and Reuters. ***



Featuring our friends and affiliates

Electronic Frontier Foundation, Press Room: "Appeals Court Corrects Dangerous Web Privacy Ruling":

Center for Social media: "Repurposing and Rights: A Non-Profit Summit":

Public Knowledge: "The Real Face of Net Neutrality":

Creative Commons Blog: "Netsquared":

Free Expression Policy Project: "Internet Filters: A Public Policy Report":

Stanford Center for Internet & Society: "CIS is podcasting! CE @ 10 sessions now available in the ITunes Music Store":





* Identity Mashup: June 19-21 at the Berkman Center in Cambridge, MA. Who controls & protects the digital me? The goal of the conference is to explore the role of identity systems (tools that let users and merchants know whom to trust on the web) in furthering or inhibiting privacy, civil liberties and new forms of civic participation and commerce. <http://www.identitymash-up.org/>

* iLaw Peru: June 27-28 in Lima, Peru. The iLaw program addresses the most controversial cyberlaw issues being debated by lawmakers in the U.S. and internationally. Taught by world-renowned experts in the field, the program is designed for a diverse audience including leaders in business, technology, law, education, government, media and the non-profit community. iLaw Peru will feature a focus on intellectual property.

* Wikimania 2006: August 4-6 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Wikimania 2006 will be the the second annual international conference of Wikimedia Foundation projects such as Wikipedia and Wikinews. Both a scientific conference and a community event, Wikimania provides an opportunity for Wikimedians and the general public alike to meet and share ideas about free and open source software, free knowledge initiatives, and wiki projects worldwide. <http://wikimania2006.wikimedia.org/>

CONFERENCE WATCH: June - August, 2006

* June 10-11: Vloggercon - San Francisco, California,

* June 11-15: JCDL 2006: Opening Information Horizons - Chapel Hill, North Carolina,

* June 12-14: The Internet and Society 2006: Second International Conference on Advances in Education, Commerce & Governance - The New
Forest, United Kingdom, <http://www.wessex.ac.uk/conferences/2006/itsociety06/index.html/>

* June 14-16: Copyright at a Crossroads: The Impact of Mass Digitization on Copyright and Higher Education - Adelphi, Maryland,

* June 15-16: The European e-Identity Conference - Barcelona, Spain,

* June 15-16: Games + Learning + Society - Madison, Wisconsin

* June 17: 7th Annual Organizers' Collaborative Grassroots Use of Technology Conference - Boston, Massachusetts,

* June 21: eLearning: Diverse Practices; Common Futures - Greenwich, United Kingdom,

* June 21-22: An Expedition to European Digital Cultural Heritage: Collecting, Connecting - and Conserving? - Salzburg, Austria,

* June 21-23: Supernova 2006 - San Francisco, California,

* June 22-23: ICEL 2006: The International Conference on e-Learning - Montreal, Quebec,

* June 23-24: Bloggercon IV - San Francisco, California,

* June 23-25: iCommons Summit - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,

* June 27-28: Annual Conference on New Directions in Copyright - London, United Kingdom,

* June 29 - July 1: Gnomedex - Seattle, Washington,

* June 29 - July 1: CLiP 2006: Literatures, Languages and Cultural Heritage in a Digital World - London, United Kingdom,

* June 29 - July 2: Democracy and Independence: Sharing of News in a Connected World - Amherst, Massachusetts,

* June 30 - July 1: WebTech 2006 - Sofia, Bulgaria,

* July 4-5: EU eLearning Conference 2006 - Espoo, Finland,

* July 5-6: Human.Society@Internet - Seoul, Korea,

* July 5-8: Alliance for Community Media 2006 - Boston, Massachusetts,

* July 5-9: Digital Humanities 2006 - Paris/Sorbonne, France,

* July 10-21: e/merge 2006: Learning Landscapes in Southern Africa - online,

* July 12-14: Symposium On Usable Privacy and Security - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,

* July 12-15: OhmyNews 2nd International Citizen Reporters' Forum: Citizen Journalism, Best Practices - Seoul, Korea,

* July 13-16: IADIS International Conference: e-Society 2006 - Dublin, Ireland,

* July 14-16: IADIS International Conference: Mobile Learning 2006 - Dublin, Ireland,

* July 19-21: 5th International Conference on Web-based Learning (ICWL 2006) - Penang, Malaysia,

* July 19-21: Information Seeking in Context - Sydney, Australia,

* July 20-21: WebVisions 2006 - Portland, Oregon,

* July 20-23: The 2nd International Conference on Social and Organizational Informatics and Cybernetics: SOIC '06 - Orlando, Florida,

* July 25-27: AlwaysOn 2006 Innovation Summit @ Stanford - Palo Alto, California,

* July 26-28: EVA 2006 London: Culture x Technology Across Europe & Internationally - London, United Kingdom,

* July 26-28: International e-Participation and Local Democracy Symposium (Part 1) - Budapest, Hungary,

* July 28-29: BlogHer '06 - San Jose, California,

* August 1-5: 2006 Participatory Design Conference: Expanding Boundaries in Design - Trento, Italy,

* August 2-4: National Conference on Information Management in Digital Libraries (NCIMDiL) - Kharagpur, India,

* August 3: * July 26-28: International e-Participation and Local Democracy Symposium (Part 2) - Baltimore, Maryland,

* August 2-4: Distance Learning Conference 2006 - Madison, Wisconsin,

* August 7-9: eLearning DevCon 2006 - Salt Lake City, Utah,

* August 10-11: Distance and E-Learning for the Future - Vancouver, British Columbia,

* August 19-24: Preserving Photographs in a Digital World: Balancing Traditional Preservation with Digital Access - Rochester, New York,

* August 20-24: IFLA 2006: Libraries: Dynamic Engines for the Knowledge and Information Society - Seoul, Korea,

* August 21-22: Tilting the Global Balance in the Intellectual Property Rights Landscape: The Strategic Implications of the Growth in the
Asia Pacific Region - Singapore, <http://www.globalforumip.com/>

* August 22-25: Digital Libraries a la Carte: New Choices for the Future - Tilburg University, The Netherlands,



How to find out about Berkman's weekly events

* If you'd like to be notified of outgoing Berkman research, please sign up for our report release email list:

* Every Friday we feature the week's online conversations in the Berkman Buzz. If you would like to receive the Buzz via email, please send an email to amichel AT cyber.harvard.edu with "Buzz subscribe" as the subject line. To take a look at last week's Berkman Buzz, go here:
<http://cyber.harvard.edu/home/home? wid=10&func=viewSubmission&sid=914>

* We webcast every Tuesday Luncheon Speakers event. Luncheon Series events start at 12:30 pm Eastern Time. The webcast link is
<http:// harmony.law.harvard.edu/webcast.sdp> We will also host an IRC chat during the discussion - drop in and we'll take your questions from there:
<irc://irc.freenode.net/Berkman>. Tune in!

* If you are unable to tune in to one of our events, please check out Berkman's Audio Event Archive:

The Berkman Center’s audio and podcasts are also available through iTunes, ODEO, and Podnova.

** iTunes: <http://phobos.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewPodcast?id=1352385...
** ODEO: <http://odeo.com/channel/79770/view>
** Podnova: <http://www.podnova.com/index_podnova_station.srf?url=http://feeds.feedbu...

* The Berkman Center sends out an events email every Wednesday. If you'd like to be notified of upcoming events - virtual and otherwise -
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Last updated

January 16, 2008