Rafal is the author of numerous guidelines, strategy papers and evaluations in the ICT, public administration and governance and poverty reduction fields for the UN, EU, US Department of Defense and national governments. His research focuses on the nexus between globalisation and information technologies and the changing dynamics of conflict and security. He is a founder and Principal Investigator of the OpenNet Initiative (ONI), where he directs the work of researchers in the CIS and Middle East, and is co-editor of the ONI’s global comparative study of network surveillance and censorship in 45 countries. His recent publications include a study of “Information Effects” in counterinsurgency and stability operations (Centre for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College). In late 2006, Rafal completed an assignment as an embedded Chief Technical Advisor to the Palestinian Authority.
Rafal was a visiting fellow at the International Development Research Centre (Canada) and a Ford Foundation/Social Science Research Council Scholar (2002-2005).