Transport Infrastructure, Distribution Channels, Electricity and Local Conditions
There are a number of factors that are important for economic development in general that deserve special mention because they can play a crucial role in Networked Readiness.
• Where information technologies facilitate the buying and selling of tangible goods, the non-ICT infrastructure in a community is essential in enabling Readiness. The availability and efficiency of traditional physical transport infrastructure such as roads, railways, ports and airports are extremely important for the movement of ICT equipment and of ICT-facilitated trade in goods.
• Local distribution networks can also influence Readiness. The nature and quality of delivery channels are determined by a variety of factors (e.g. postal services, private shipping services, warehousing, licensing and permits). Each of these factors can pose certain limitations on the movement of goods that accompanies the growth of commercial activity associated with information and communication technologies. Inefficient customs services can also be an impediment in this respect.
• Particularly in the developing world, the reliability and cost of electric power must be considered carefully in light of Readiness. The one billion people globally who do not have electricity consequently face tremendous challenges in Networked Readiness terms.
• Proper functioning of ICT equipment is also dependent upon local conditions that may affect how the technologies perform – factors such as heat and humidity (especially where air conditioning is rare or unattainable), dust or exposure to other elements can render many information and communication technologies unusable.