Assignment 1 Submissions
Please make sure the name of your file includes your name or pseudonym (example: Name_Assignment1.doc) to avoid overwriting someone else's assignment. Grading for this assignment is on a 5-point scale; late assignments will be docked 1 point for each day they are late (final deadline: Tuesday, February 12, 5:30pm ET).
Upload your file here: Upload file. After you upload your file, please post a link to it in the "Submissions" section below in the following format:
- Your Name or Chosen Pseudonym:
- Link to rule: (URL of the Wikipedia editing policy you chose)
- Link to article: (URL of the Wikipedia article you edited)
- Link to report: (URL of the file you uploaded)
If you have trouble finding the file you uploaded, check the list of uploaded files.
Alternatively, for this assignment, you can e-mail your file to the instructors at email@example.com. We are offering this option for Assignment 1 only, as a backup as you become familiar with uploading; future assignments will need to be uploaded per the procedure above.
Need help editing? Check out this guide
Please post your link to your report below, in the following format:
- (Name or Pseudonym)
- (Link to rule)
- (Link to article)
- (Link to your submitted report)
Jeff Hermes 09:44, 7 February 2013 (EST)
Mattyh (Matthew Haney)
Asmith 00:10, 11 February 2013 (EST)
--Dear Alice 15:42, 11 February 2013 (EST)
Initials In Name: TAG Student ID#10789842
Pseudonym: interesting comments
Link to article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disruptive_innovation
What the rule is?
Neutral Point of View (NPOV), means representing fairly without bias the information that is published, which is supported by reliable sources. This deals with creating and maintaining a neutral point of view on internet. Disputes or any sort of controversial subjects, such as religious believes or abortion, aim to be described as opposed to take a biased stand on the subject. The explanation of the subject should be neutrally informative and factual and not stray towards an opinion.
Why this matters?
Neutral Point of View matters because this rule established by Wikipedia, establishes a check and balance to provide the parameters of control to protect the integrity of the platform. With these protections and controls in place it not only protects the integrity of the platform and its participants, but it also protects the rights and freedoms of the owners of the content referenced. It is vital to discover a blend of technical and economic modernization The challenge that face Neutral Point of View is the Wikipedia is written by open and transparent consensus It can take a substantial amount of time before a correct "neutral approach can be established for all parties to agree on (Poe 2006). The purpose of this will be for implementing representation fairly, proportionately and and as much as possible, unbiased for all articles published by reliable sources (Poe 2006).
How it relates to other rules, and comments on the details/subsections of the rule.
Neutral Point of View has several related issues. Two examples of this are:
'Verifiability" This individuals who are reading and editing the encyclopedia can check that the information comes from a reliable source that has been published such as books or newspaper.
No Original Research: The term is a prohibition against original research and means that all material added to articles must be attributable to a reliable published source, even if not actually attributed (No Original Research! 2013). This rule is the third rule in content policies and determines the type and quality of material acceptable in articles. Because these policies work in harmony, they should not be interpreted in isolation from one another, and editors should familiarize themselves with all three.
What is the article you chose?
Why you chose it?
In 1997 the term “Disruptive Innovation” was created by a Harvard Professor Clayton M. Christensen and published a book on the topic. Throughout my professional career I have strived to bring to market paradigm shifts in technologies, some would classify as disruptive innovations. Three classic examples of disruptive innovations that sacrificed quality for the ability to have mobility are: - The Transistor Radio - Pocket Calculators - Mobile Phones
What edits you made? The edit I made was by adding the example of the pocket calculator, which was a form of disruptive innovation.
Did users made edits in response? None
Rule for the article: How the rule played out in practice (if it did)
Neutral Point of View did not play a significant role in this particular article, but it has the possibility of future violations. As new technology enters into the market there could be a cause for the technology being replaced to attempt to promote the inadequacies of this new technology in an attempt to keep market share. An example of this is how Rockefeller spent millions in an attempt to promote the inadequacies of electricity when it challenged his oil lanterns as the primary source of power. Rule for the community: How you think the rule plays a role in maintaining Wikipedia.
In reporting or educating being neutral and unbiased is critical in forming free minds that can shape the world through their own interpretations and innovations.
How does it benefit/harm the Wikipedia community in any way?
The Neutral Point of View allows for the advancement of society, technology, and innovations.
Why is it important for Wikipedia?
This is important for Wikipedia so it sets the environmental parameters to establish them as a reliable informational resource, instead of a platform to promote individual’s political motives. It also encourages cooperation among encyclopedia's contributors (Poe 2006).
Kempf, J. March 2004. The Rise of the Middle and the Future of End-to-End:
Reflections on the Evolution of the Internet Architecture. ftp://ftp.rfc-editor.org/in-notes/rfc3724.txt No Original Research! 2013. http://beforeitsnews.com/opinion-liberal/2013/01/no-original-research-2454120.html Poe, Marshall. September 2006. A Closer Look as Neutral Point of View (NPOV). http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2006/09/a-closer-look-at-the-neutral-point-of-view-npov/305120/
Robertson, Jordan. November 11, 2008. Software Aims To Uncover ‘Data Discrimination’.http://www.nbcnews.com/id/22013943/ns/technology_and_science-internet/t/software-aims-uncover-data-discrimination/#.URVFKaVX3MA Interestingcomments 14:34, 8 February 2013 (EST) Interestingcomments 16:14, 10 February 2013 (EST)
Assignment #1 – Neutral Point of View Class user: user777 Wiki user: user55462* February 12th, 2013 Internet and Society: Technologies and Politics of Control
For this first assignment, I chose to edit Wikipedia’s “Neutral Point of View” (NPOV) rule. NPOV stands that users of Wikipedia that edit an article should “fairly represent all sides of a story, and not make an article state, imply, or insinuate that any one side is correct”. Therefore, the cause of Wikipedia’s social and political bias, establish a quantitative benchmark for examining the presence of that bias. NPOV mainly defines the terms of objectiveness, bias and neutrality that provide a framework for considering neutrality within the Internet arena. In my view, however, the main questions would arise are: what is meant by neutrality? Is it fairness or perhaps positive opinion? What are the definitions of fairness and/or neutral?
The article that I chose was “Wikipedia and the meaning of truth” which was published by MIT technology review. I found this article by searching different entries in wiki, and this article was linked via Wiki tools. Here is the link to this article: http://www.technologyreview.com/review/411041/wikipedia-and-the-meaning-of-truth/page/2/, however it is mainly a support to the main article, which is: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Verifiability,_not_truth
I chose this article because it greatly illustrated the clarifications of truth and fairness that was perfectly aliened for this assignment that supported the idea of NPOV. What is fairness? How to be fair? Moreover, what is considered to be truth? According to Wikipedia’s entry on the subject, “the term has no single definition about which the majority of professional philosophers and scholars agree.” But in practice, however in “Wikipedia’s standard for inclusion has become its de facto standard for truth, and since Wikipedia is the most widely read online reference on the planet, it’s the standard of truth that most people are implicitly using when they type a search term into Google or Yahoo. On Wikipedia, truth is received as the consensus view of a subject” (article chosen). Within this rule, I edited the idea of fairness and opinion. I stated that fairness’s tone should be presented within competing views with a consistently fair and sensitive tone. Even when a topic is presented in terms of facts rather than opinion, an article can still radiate an implied stance through either selection of which facts to present, or more subtly their organization, for instance, refuting opposing views as one goes along makes them look a lot worse than collecting them in an opinions-of-opponents section. Moreover, I have added few edits about the manner of option: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Neutral_point_of_view
Furthermore, after my edits, I have placed it on “watch-list”, however I have not received any comments and/or edits. In my view, this rule is neutral in maintaining Wikipedia’s community. Due to cultural and social diversification of options and thoughts, this rule could play a neutral role within its community. Also, I read few other articles, and it’s interesting to note what Princeton’s reviews are about this rule: “NPOV is especially important for the encyclopedia's treatment of controversial issues, where there is often an abundance of viewpoints and criticisms of the subject. In a neutral representation, the differing points of view are presented as such, not as facts”. user777 12:36, 11 February 2013 (EST)
AaronEttl 16:38, 11 February 2013 (EST)
Maria Paz Jurado
--Maria 17:19, 11 February 2013 (EST)
Your Name or Chosen Pseudonym: Joshua Henderson, joshywonder Link to rule: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:No_original_research Link to article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hate_speech Link to report: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:Assignment_1_-_Joshua_Henderson_-_Joshywonder_-_Feb11.13.docx
- Name: Zak Paster
- Link to rule: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:No_original_research
- Link to article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universities_and_higher_education_in_Brazil
- Link to report: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:Zak_Paster_Assignment_1_Universities_and_Higher_Education_in_Brazil_2-12-13.docx
Zak Paster 10:02, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Julian 10:53, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Caroline 11:02, 12 February 2013 (EST)
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:Michael_Keane_Assignment_1.docx Michaelekeane 12:38, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Kaley Sweeney http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:No_original_research http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Uganda http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/sites/is2013/images/KaleySweeney_Assignment1.docx Kaley Sweeney 12:44, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Phildade (Phillip Dade)
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:DADE_-_LSTU-120_Assignment_1.doc Phildade 15:50, 12 February 2013 (EST)
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:Raven_Assignment_1_Due_February_12_2013.docx Raven 16:02, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Tessa May 16:32, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Update - The “Tamar Frankel” article which I also edited, has had the “orphan” designation removed.Tessa May 19:14, 16 February 2013 (EST)
Johnfloyd6675 16:37, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Susan Goldstein Rule: Ownership of Articles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Ownership_of_articles Article: Synchronous learning http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synchronous_learning Report: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/sites/is2013/images/Goldstein_Assgn_1_Wikipedia.docx Susan Goldstein 16:56, 12 February 2013 (EST)
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/is2013/File:AliciaPhan_Assignment1.docx --APhan 17:20, 12 February 2013 (EST)
Douglas Forbes 16:41, 19 February 2013 (EST) Doug Forbes
In 2004 I was looking for a person to help me make a web site for my business. A cousin of mine had a friend Laura who was making sites for people so I talked with her. At that time Myspace was very new and while it seems unthinkable now, she wanted to make a page on Myspace for me for a small fee. She sent me links to some examples she had done for some people. Being an opera singer herself, she had set up pages for other musicians. I didn’t like the concept at all because it seemed to me that only affiliates of the site would be likely to go there and I didn’t like the brand dilution of having a host who’s site was a visible shell around mine. I had someone else help with my first site but because of this introduction, I figured Myspace to be more of a hosting site for artists or people doing some similar notable thing and their followers, a little more like Linked in with fans. I didn’t know they were also a competitor to facebook, especially in the “friends” arena. I didn’t realize they were even still around at all until a couple of weeks ago I got a email or facebook entry with a reference to a Myspace page and felt that my reservations were vindicated. Having been introduced to Mysape through a Jewish opera singer I was quite surprised to read Boyd’s “white flight” article. Even more so because almost all of my black friends who are on anything are on facebook, with the exception of one Linkedin user, I figured the myspace had positioned itself wrong as described above and fallen prey to peoples desire to be with the latest trends.
My college educated black friends aside, Boyds’ research is pretty compelling and of course several people who’s research she includes note that race, class, buying tastes, fashion and homophily are all tied together. (I won’t site these as they are all in Boyd’s article but for the benefit of anyone reading this who hasn’t read her article it can be found at this link): http://www.danah.org/papers/2011/WhiteFlight.pdf Still I was particularly surprised to find myself in a pool of white bread on facebook, I see myself as pretty progressive and have a black wife, so to be totally unaware of that divide was disturbing. This made me curious to see what the Wikipedia on Myspace page had to say and I thought it would be a good choice for a page to make an edit on. I would have considered it a real coup if they had none of Boyd’s research there and to add the “white flight” element but she was already quoted there. I noted that the sections they included did not include the fact that a lot of the perceived dangers that led people, especially parents to encourage some flight to a safer site such as facebook were actually untrue and that seemed a little unfair at best and worth mentioning as her research suggests that to a large extent, the media which often likes to exaggerate and create fear and their by parents-were largely responsible for the flight to facebook. I found it particularly telling that students that Boyd interviewed thought of facebook as safer but couldn’t explain why which suggested to me that they had gotten this from a trusted source, their parents. Lastly I thought it was important to note that some of this misplaced fear was around sexual predator apprehension, a pretty big disincentive.
With all of the above in mind, I directly copied the following two originally non-sequential segments after some “white flight” discussion in the article. The only change being that I added, “Boyd continues” because she goes into the first person after that point (highlighted in yellow below). I went back to check on the writing and they added the citation with the same number as some other Boyd quotes so it looks like it will remain as part of the article. This means I’m now a successful contributor to Wikipedia. : )
WIKKIPEDIA MYSPACE PAGE ADDITIONS:
Safety – or rather the perception of safety – also emerged as a central factor in teen preference. While teens believed Facebook was safer, they struggled to explain why.
MySpace was once a cultural center for youth culture. As Myspace grew increasingly popular, a moral panic emerged over the potential risks of sexual predators (Marwick, 2008). While the risks were overblown (Shrock and boyd, 2009), fear spread. Involved parents – typically from more educated and wealthier communities began looking closer and they didn’t like what they saw. Boyd continues, while my examination of MySpace profiles revealed that more teens referenced God, Jesus, bible quotes, and other religious symbols than uploaded scantily clad self-¬‐images, parents typically assumed that the latter dominated MySpace and this upset them. Furthermore, these parents were often horrified by the practices of the urban 20somethings, especially those from different cultural backgrounds who appeared to have different moral codes. The media helped produced a techno-¬‐panic, often by leveraging adult fears of urban black signals such as bling and hip-¬‐hop.
Missing in my assignment zero paper: I wanted to include the full name of the Marshall McLuhan book that I mentioned, the title of which contained the phrase Global Village. I think I revised the paper in the process of submitting it so I don’t have the latest version so I’ll take the time to mention it here. It is “War and Peace in the Global Village” (1968) Douglas Forbes 16:41, 19 February 2013 (EST)