Good practices for university open-access policies
From Harvard Open Access Project
- Last revised May 12, 2019. Version 1.5.
- Suggested short URL for this guide = bit.ly/goodoa
- This is a guide to good practices for college and university open-access (OA) policies. It's based on the type of rights-retention OA policy first adopted at Harvard, Stanford, MIT, and the University of Kansas. Policies of this kind have since been adopted at a wide variety of institutions in North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia, for example, at public and private institutions, large and small institutions, affluent and indigent institutions, research universities and liberal arts colleges, and at whole universities, schools within universities, and departments within schools.
- At the same time, the guide includes recommendations that should be useful to institutions taking other approaches.
- The guide is designed to evolve. We revise and enlarge it regularly, building on our own experience and the experience of colleagues elsewhere. We welcome suggestions.
- The guide was in the works for several years before we launched the first public version in October 2012. It's one small part of the larger effort described in Recommendation 4.2 of the ten-year anniversary statement of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (September 2012): Supporters of open access "should develop guidelines to universities and funding agencies considering OA policies, including recommended policy terms, best practices, and answers to frequently asked questions."
- We deliberately call our recommendations "good practices" rather than "best practices". On many points, there are multiple, divergent good practices. Good practices can change as circumstances change, and as we learn more. Good practices are easier to identify than best practices. And there can be wider agreement on which practices are good than on which practices are best.
- We hope the guide will be useful to institutions considering an OA policy or reviewing an older policy, and to faculty, students, librarians, and administrators who want their institution to start considering one.
- The guide is written and edited by Stuart Shieber and Peter Suber. It reflects our views as individuals, not necessarily those of Harvard University.
- We've written the guide in consultation with these expert colleagues:
- Ginny Barbour, Executive Officer of the Australasian Open Access Support Group (AOASG)
- Ellen Finnie, Program Manager, Scholarly Publishing and Licensing, MIT Libraries
- Iryna Kuchma, Open Access Programme Manager of Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL)
- Andrée Rathemacher, Professor Librarian, University of Rhode Island
- The guide is endorsed by these projects and organizations:
- Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
- Australasian Open Access Support Group (AOASG)
- Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI)
- Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR)
- Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL)
- Enabling Open Scholarship (EOS)
- Harvard Open Access Project (HOAP)
- Library and Information Association of South Africa (LIASA)
- Mediterranean Open Access Network (MedOANet)
- Oberlin Group
- Open Access Directory (OAD)
- Open Access Policy Alignment Strategies for European Union Research (PASTEUR4OA)
- Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS)
- Right to Research Coalition (R2RC)
- Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
- SPARC Europe
- UK Open Access Implementation Group (OAIG)
- We thank the colleagues and organizations listed here, and hope to add more over time. Please contact us if you or your organization may be interested. Readers should not assume that consulting experts and endorsing organizations support every recommendation in the guide.