Much Ado About Notification
Full Title of Reference
Much Ado About Notification: Does the Rush to Pass State-Level Data Security Regulations Benefit Consumers?
Data security breaches have received considerable public attention of late, and have prompted several states to mandate that firms whose data may have been compromised to notify their customers of the security breaches. This article, based on a previous article by both authors, finds that the costs of a notification requirement are likely to be substantially higher than the benefits.
According to the authors, in spite of growing perception that identity theft and related frauds are a large a growing problem, data are not consistent with that perception. The data indicate that identity theft has been either constant or diminishing over time. They also underline that the major costs of breach notification are incurred when consumers and firms overreact and take actions that are harmful to themselves and to the free flow of information.
The authors find that even for consumers whose data have been compromised, the probability of being a victim of fraud is so low - only 2 percent - that little action is justified. Overall, they estimate that the expected benefits of mandatory notification are very small - less than $10 per compromised individual, and take the view that calls for new regulations should be treated with skepticism
Additional Notes and Highlights
Expertise Required: Economics - Low
The Costs of Security Breaches Market Responses Improved Security Notification Benefits of Notification Reduced Benefits Consumer Response Costs of Notification Direct Costs Costs of Consumers' Actions Information Costs Are the Benefits Greater Than the Costs? Federal Preemption Federalism's Benefits Inconsistencies Effect of Inconsistencies Conclusion