Keyword Index and Glossary of Core Ideas
Glossary of Core Ideas
Air gapping is a security measure that isolates a secure network from unsecure networks, such as the public Internet, physically and electrically.
Software which attempts to identify and delete or isolate malware. Antivirus software may use both a database containing signatures of known threats and heuristics to identify malware. Usually run as a background service to scan files and email copied to the protected system.
A black hat is a computer hacker who works to harm others (e.g., steal identities, spread computer viruses, install bot software).
- White Hat
The term botnet is derived from "robot network." Networks of sometimes millions of infected machines that are remotely controlled by malicious actors. A single infected computer may be referred to as a zombie computer. The owners of the computer remotely controlled is often unaware of the infection. The owners of a botnet may use the combined network processing power and bandwidth to send SPAM, install malware and mount DDoS attacks or may rent out the botnet to other malicious actors.
Computer Network Attack
Communications Privacy Law
Actions by a nation-state to penetrate another nation’s computers or networks for the purposes of causing damage or disruption. (Clarke)
Digital Pearl Harbor
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
Intelligence Infrastructure/Information Infrastructure
International Humanitarian Law
Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
Internet Service Providers
Laws of War
The criminally fraudulent process of attempting to acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.